Take the 2-minute tour ×
Network Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for network engineers. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I have a pair of Cisco 6509 routers, which are monitored via SNMP (with Observium, to be accurate).

Today we spotted a peak of CPU usage for a Switching Processor. The peak can be correlated with a peak of inbound unicast on a port named "NDE_vlan1014" (and "NDE_vlan1014" on the other router).

I understand from google that NDE refers to Netflow, but I can find nowhere an explanation on what is actually graphed for that interface. It is visible only via SNMP (not in a sh ip int br ) and I have no vlan 1016 nor 1014. I don't see any peak in my netflow analyzer (as-stats) either...

So the question is : what is this "NDE_vlan" interface ?

share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer

up vote 11 down vote accepted

... Today we spotted a peak of CPU usage for a Switching Processor. The peak can be correlated with a peak of inbound unicast on a port named "NDE_vlan1014" ...

So the question is : what is this "NDE_vlan" interface ?

NDE_vlan is one of the Catalyst 6500's hidden vlans. The 6500 allocates internal vlans for a lot of different functions, and those vlans cant be used for real user data after the 6500 snarfs it.

If you want to see the internal vlans, use show vlan internal usage... my particular 6500 doesn't run netflow export, but you can see it on your switch with that command.

CORE01.PUB.SEA01#sh vlan internal usage

VLAN Usage
---- --------------------
4081 Tunnel1
4082 GigabitEthernet3/1
4083 IPv6 Multicast Egress multicast
4084 Multicast VPN 0 QOS vlan
4085 Egress internal vlan
4086 L3 multicast partial shortcuts for VPN 0
4087 Control Plane Protection
4088 PM vlan process (trunk tagging)
4089 online diag vlan5
4090 online diag vlan4
4091 online diag vlan3
4092 online diag vlan2
4093 online diag vlan1
4094 online diag vlan0

CORE01.PUB.SEA01#

When the 6500 exports flows to a collector, it uses the DFCs or the MSFC CPU to send the packets. If you're seeing CPU spikes due to netflow export, you either should:

Informational: Sampled netflow

Typically the syntax for sampled netflow on the 6500 is mls sampling time-based 64; this samples one out of every 64 packets. The values for sampled netflow are limited...

CORE01.PUB.SEA01(config)#mls sampling time-based ?
  64
  128
  256
  512
  1024
  2048
  4096
  8192

CORE01.PUB.SEA01(config)#

However, if you sample your netflow, obviously you might miss some packets you care about, so it's really a judgment call as to whether it can solve your problem. It all depends on why you're using netflow. For security monitoring, you can't really afford to drop packets (thus netflow on a busy 6500 is the wrong answer). If you're graphing application utilization, sampled netflow could be a useful tool (assuming you adjust your graphs for the sampling interval).

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.