Take the 2-minute tour ×
Network Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for network engineers. It's 100% free, no registration required.

It seems that as time passes, vendors have added almost all the features of a router to a layer 3 switch.

For branch office deployments, how do other people who design networks choose between deploying a router + a layer 2 switch vs deploying just a layer 3 switch?

share|improve this question
add comment

3 Answers 3

Layer 3 switch doesn't provide the typical edge features used on a router:

  • NAT/PAT (along with IPv4->IPv6 transition technologies)
  • Stateful Firewall
  • HQoS for multiple classes of traffic at a rate Ethernet is shaped/policed on the ISP side (usually you'll get subrate service, not full bandwidth of the Ethernet port connected to the device)

That said, for the inter-vlan routing in most of the scenarios the L3 switch will perform better and cause less problems, as small/edge routers are still using CPU to route the traffic and performance may be not ideal.

So propably you'll want L3 switch and edge router.

share|improve this answer
add comment

The distinction between "Layer3 Switch" and "Router" is muddy and not defined. Vendors use whatever term they think is best for PR (sometimes switching between both terms). L3 Switch and router can be substituted almost any time. You must look at the feature list to see if the device has all the features you need for your branch office.

share|improve this answer
    
Switch (L3 or not) and router have different technical definitions. Just because Company X's PR group tries to change that with words doesn't make it true. –  cpt_fink Jul 9 at 5:32
    
So point me to those definitions. In my experience there are none that are valid between vendors. –  Sebastian Jul 9 at 11:27
add comment

I use routers for my remote office ethernets because since I do not buy line rate 'CIR' I need to traffic shape. Switches don't do that. Router QoS is also easier to deal with because switch QoS has lots of hardware dependencies.

share|improve this answer
1  
Modest correction: some switches can do traffic shaping –  Mike Pennington Jul 8 at 0:58
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.