This is often a confusing topic for users new to SVIs as it does seem to work a bit counter intuitively. Most people have a tendency to look at the SVI as some sort of "gateway" and that traffic leaving the VLAN should be outbound and vice versa.
However, it actually works in the opposite way because the SVI is a virtual router interface. It can help to think of the SVI as a physical interface on a physical router connected to the VLAN. From the perspective of this router, traffic arriving on the interface (the SVI) from the VLAN is inbound. Traffic from the rest of the network to the VLAN would be going out (or outbound) from the perspective of this interface.
As an example, take for instance the following SVI:
ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
ip access-group VLAN10_IN in
ip access-group VLAN10_OUT out
Now, let's say I want to prevent any traffic with spoofed IP addresses from leaving this VLAN. My access list may look like the below. Notice that while this traffic is outbound from the VLAN, it is inbound to the interface and as such is an inbound ACL.
Sw6500#sh ip access-lists VLAN10_IN
Extended IP access list VLAN10_IN
10 permit ip 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.255 any
20 deny ip any any
If I want to limit access to this VLAN so that devices with 192.168.1.0/24 addresses are blocked but all other 192.168.0.0/16 addresses are allowed, the ACL would look something like this:
Sw6500#sh ip access-lists VLAN10_OUT
Extended IP access list VLAN10_OUT
10 deny ip 192.168.1.0 0.0.0.255 any
20 permit ip 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any
30 deny ip any any
Please Note: These are not a complete working access lists; they are meant only as examples. While they may work in certain environments, it may create problems if you try to use it. For instance, it will not allow traffic such as DHCP if the DHCP server is on a different VLAN.
One parting note, that may seem obvious but I have seen trip people up before. If the SVI has multiple subnets associated with it, you need to make sure your ACLs take this into account as traffic that passes between these subnets will be processed by the ACL even though it stays within the VLAN.
As long as you keep the concept that the SVI is an interface, this should be easy to accomplish.