Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a standards-based, distance-vector, interior gateway protocol (IGP) used by routers to exchange routing information.

What does it mean by standards-based protocol?

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    – Ron Maupin
    Aug 6 '17 at 23:32

It's an open standard and not vendor proprietary. EIGRP is an example of a Cisco proprietary routing protocol, and OSPF is an example of a standards-based routing protocol.

Using standards-based protocols makes transitions between hardware vendors easier, although proprietary protocols sometimes have benefits you may want to use.

  • 1
    Open vs. Closed doesn't change anything; they can both be "standards". A "standard" means there's a defining document for the thing. In this case (w.r.t. RIP), "standards-based" refers to the IETF "internet standards" process. (i.e. there's an RFC defining it.)
    – Ricky
    Nov 2 '15 at 3:41

Open standards encourage interoperability, competition, and innovation. They also guarantee that no single company’s product can monopolize the market, or have an unfair advantage over its competition.

A good example of this is when purchasing a wireless router for the home. There are many different choices available from a variety of vendors, all of which incorporate standard protocols such as IPv4, DHCP, 802.3 (Ethernet), and 802.11 (Wireless LAN). These open standards also allow a client running Apple’s OS X operating system to download a web page from a web server running the Linux operating system. This is because both operating systems implement the open standard protocols, such as those in the TCP/IP protocol suite.

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