Let me use the same example as in my previous question.
R1(config)# interface Tunnel0 R1(config-if)# ip address 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.0 R1(config-if)# tunnel source 184.108.40.206 R1(config-if)# tunnel destination 220.127.116.11
Why is it necessary to configure tunnel source IP? Isn't it something R1 can figure out on its own? When pinging 172.16.0.2, it adds IP and GRE headers, and sets dst IP to
18.104.22.168 - it knows it based based on the configuration above.
Can't R1 simply figure the source IP on its own? R1 just checks its routing table to find out the next hop for
22.214.171.124 and chooses the interface with the longest prefix match. There's no ambiguity regarding which interface it should send that packet from.