Newbie networking question here...
Do ISPs generally use the same link layer protocols (Ethernet, ARP to relate to network layer 3, etc.) that are used on LANs? In school I learned in some detail about Ethernet, how hosts ARP for the MAC address of another host, wrap the IP packets in Ethernet frames that travel through switches to the correct host, and so on. But once the IP packets leave a LAN I'm not too sure what happens.
I googled around, and came across things like PPP and PPPoE, but am not too sure I understand their significance. Are these like "Ethernet" (layer 2 protocol) for networks beyond LANs. On ISPs' networks, do they have a bunch of routers connected to a switch that all use ARP-like protocols do find each others MAC and send the packets?
I guess I'm looking for a clearer picture of what happens to my packets as they become encapsulated at the link layer, from the time it leaves my router to the time they end up at the destination network. I'm not asking about routing protocols/algorithms and stuff like that, but rather the link layer stuff. Any resources for further reading would be much appreciated also.