I was reading the following extract:
A LFN is a network that offers a high bandwidth but also a very high delay. An example could be a satellite connection. These connections offer a high bandwidth but the delay is also quite high since you have to send your signal 22000 miles up to the satellite and another 22000 miles down to reach the receiver. You can expect a round trip time anywhere between about 500-1000 ms.
The problem here is that when the sender sends some data, it has to be wait a very long time for an acknowledgment of the receiver before it can send the next data. During the time we are waiting, nothing happens so we don’t utilize the full bandwidth of our link.
Given that we don't utilize full bandwidth of our link when the sender has to wait for a long time for an acknowledgement, what do we actually mean when we say this?
Does full utilization of bandwidth means that the sender needs to pump the data continuously? Also, let me know if the data transfer rate of the sender bears any relation to the bandwidth of the link?
From what I have perceived, data transfer rate of the sender is independent of bandwidth of the link as long as it is less than the latter. Am I correct?