Client -> Client Router -> CLOUD <- Server Router <- Server
10.0.1.5 10.0.1.1 <-NAT-> 22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 <-NAT-> 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.100
- I have control over the server router. It has multiple routable public IP addresses - let's say 188.8.131.52 through 184.108.40.206.
- The server router provides NAT to all of the machines behind it. The IPsec server is running on one of the machines on the NAT network at 192.168.1.100. I have configured that router to forward all traffic that it sees coming to 220.127.116.11 over to the server at 192.168.1.100. Clients would connect to 18.104.22.168.
- The server router is an appliance and thus it cannot run the IPsec server itself.
- The server itself believes its IP address to be 192.168.1.100, but as I said, it is reachable at 22.214.171.124. The router forwards only on destination IP, so IKE/ISAKMP/etc packets should be able to be forwarded directly to the server from the router.
- It is not possible to move the VPN server into a configuration where it has direct knowledge of its publicly routable IP. (i.e. it cannot be moved so its network interface connects directly to the Internet, but must instead remain behind the NAT and have traffic forwarded to it.)
- I do NOT have control over the client router. It puts all clients behind a NAT. It does have IPsec VPN Passthrough enabled.
- I could likely make this work with L2TP but would prefer to do pure IPsec if it is possible.
Just to eliminate the chance that I'm completely clueless, my understanding of IPsec is as follows:
- An IPsec/L2TP VPN establishes an IPsec tunnel between two endpoints. It then passes L2TP traffic over that tunnel. L2TP traffic is not encrypted, so IPsec serves as the encryption method, while L2TP serves as the "VPN".
- A pure IPsec VPN would instead directly transmit IP packets over the IPsec tunnel. A client machine could perform a standard DHCP request over the tunnel, receive an IP address from the far end's DHCP server, and then transmit raw IP packets over the IPsec tunnel as they would appear if the client device was directly connected to the far-end LAN.
- In L2TP/IPsec, the L2TP server handles IP address assignments; in pure IPsec, it is just as if you plugged a LAN cable into the remote LAN and thus whatever infrastructure is there is what you connect to.
If I'm wrong, please correct.
So my questions are:
- Is there anything preventing me from doing a pure IPsec VPN in this topology?
- I'm using Linux and would be using the Swan series (Strongswan/Openswan perhaps) of IPsec servers. Is there a way to accomplish this using these tools? The clients would be iOS devices, Macs and possibly a couple of Windows PCs.