What is the difference between RREQ ID and Destination Sequence number (DestSeqNum) in RREQ packet of AODV protocol?

DestSeqNum in RREQ packet is used for a reverse route maintaining and should be incremented before sending every RREQ. RREQ ID, on the other hand, should be also incremented with every RREQ sent. Why do we have duplicity? Or what do I understand wrong? Thanks a lot in advance.

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    Commented Aug 8, 2017 at 14:59

1 Answer 1


These two sequence numbers help avoid looping and stale routes in the route discovery process. They act as a time-reference (using it for a lack of b identifier for the originator of RREQ and the intended receiver (destination) of the RREQ. Since they act as a time-reference for different nodes, there is no duplication!

The RREQ ID (let us seqA) identifies the originator of the RREQ packet (let us say nodeA). Other nodes that receive the RREQ can learn a route to the originator and mark that with seqA. Now, if these nodes were to receive any route update for nodeA, then they would compare the sequence number in that packet against seqA -- if it is lower, then they would discard it.

The destination sequence number (let us say seqB) helps identify the destination node for which we are sending the RREQ (let us say nodeB). It is possible that other nodes in the path may already have a route for nodeB along with an associated sequence number. If seqB is higher than the associated sequence number, then these intermediate devices would know that nodeA is looking for a newer route and would not reply to that.

Your closely is perhaps similar to an earlier question: AODV sequence numbers and loop prevention

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