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Is there any specific (maybe obvious) reason why path redundancy and daisy chaining is not combined?

Cisco does show some network topologies HERE, but the combination of path redundancy and daisy chaining is omitted, and I don't understand why.


EDIT:

To clarify what I mean with "path redundant daisy chain" (redundant paths added in blue): enter image description here

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  • Hm looking at the picture I added it actually is kind of a special case of a ring topology... but more expensive with respect to required cabling/ports ...
    – andrsmllr
    Aug 17, 2017 at 20:19
  • I really don't see the point of the drawing you have now added vs. the one in the document. The one in the document gives you the link failure protection. Beyond that, you would look for physical path protection, and adding a redundant switch with the central GE switch.
    – Ron Maupin
    Aug 17, 2017 at 22:52
  • Thank you Ron for pointing out some more arguments against the topoligy in the picture above. There may also be some mixing of the terms "path redundancy" and "link redundancy" from my side, which may have caused some confusion.
    – andrsmllr
    Aug 22, 2017 at 11:18

2 Answers 2

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I'm not sure I completely understand your question (the document does have a combination of path redundancy and daisy-chain), but I can explain the problem with daisy-chains.

Normally, you want path redundancy. That is why the Internet was developed in the first place. It allowed traffic to automatically be routed in a different direction in case of damage (being funded by the DoD, nuclear war). Path redundancy eliminates single-points-of-failure (SPoFs).

When you daisy-chain paths, you introduce SPoFs. If one link or device in the daisy-chain fails, then the two resulting parts of the daisy-chain are isolated. This can be a problem, and the daisy-chain is depicted in Figure 5 of the document to which you link:

enter image description here

If any one link fails, then you have isolated one or more sites.

Figure 6 shows the combination of redundant paths and a daisy-chain that resolves the SPoF:

enter image description here

If any one link fails, then there is a redundant path that will prevent any site from being isolated. Routing must take into account that there is a loop, and it must prevent traffic from trying to loop. That is built into most routing protocols, and IP itself has a failsafe with the TTL.

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As answered by Ron Maupin, there is a routing protocol called Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) which actually deals with the loops formed in the network and thus daisy chaining with path redundancy would work just fine if your equipment supports STP.

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