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I am attempting to learning CCNA on my own and I have no experience in networking prior to this. I tried to connect a pc and a router (generic router) in Packet Tracer directly but the link between the devices displayed red dots. The status of both the ports Fa0 and Fa0/0 shows "Link down". I used a copper straight through cable to connect both the devices. I also used the "no shut" command after logging into the router's interface command line but it made no difference.

I then set up the same network using a switch to connect the same pc and router and it worked. So what am I doing wrong when using just the pc and the router arrangement?

I am using packet tracer 7.0

  • Connecting a PC to any cisco network device requires a console cable – CiscoNet Solutions Mar 6 '19 at 7:14
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You'll need a crossover cable to connect two MDI devices without auto-crossover. The switch presents MDI-X.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medium-dependent_interface

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  • Thanks for the answer but if I am not mistaken, a straight through cable is used to connect two unlike devices and a cross over is used to connect like devices. You said that I should use a cross over cable to connect a pc and a router. Is that correct? – user3125707 Sep 15 '18 at 21:07
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    You're correct about like-to-like needing crossover; where you're going wrong is that a pure router is MDI, like a PC. Only switches normally present MDI-X. It can be confusing because domestic routers normally normally also contain a switch in them, and its the switch's MDI-X sockets on the back of the "router". – jonathanjo Sep 16 '18 at 10:26
  • Thanks. I think my question has been answered so this topic can be closed. – user3125707 Sep 18 '18 at 10:56

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