I know very little about WiFi. I know how to measure throughput, I know that 2.4GHz tends to be slower than 5GHz but has a further range.
So here's my scenario. I have an office with 1x Aruba IAP-315 with 16-30 clients on at a time, they're all clustered underneath it in a room about 1200 sq.ft.
Off that main room is a boardroom, which, we found going into that room problematic because the WiFi signal would weaken or drop off entirely. No problem, I thought, I'd just put another AP in there. Enter the Ruckus R510 (also with a built-in controller).
So with both of them auto-managing their own 2.4GHz and 5.0GHz networks (same SSID/password for seamless roaming), we found that devices would still hang on to the Aruba rather than switch to the Ruckus, even though the Ruckus was placed in that boardroom.
So, I began tweaking. On the Ruckus, I pulled the power down on the 2.4GHz and 5.0GHz bands to the absolute minimum, ensuring you had to be in that room to have your device connect to that AP.
Then I turned auto-management off on the 5GHz network on the Aruba, and you have to then pick a channel and give it a power setting. I picked a channel (I think I just looked at which channel it was on before), and dialed it back 1-3 dBm at a time. My goal was to have the signal drop off entirely just as I was walking into that boardroom - so that it would switch to the Ruckus, but because the Ruckus signal is so weak, you'd be forced to jump back on the Aruba coming out of that room.
That worked beautifully, except the speeds on both of those APs are now horrendous.
If I disable the Ruckus (just to eliminate variables), put the Aruba back on auto, turn my WiFi off and back on (and watch it jump from 2.4GHz onto 5GHz DFS [I'm not even sure what DFS means ...]), I basically see my throughput quadruple. I want to maintain that and have devices automatically jump onto the Ruckus when entering that room. I thought turning down the power would reduce range but not throughput.
So. What do I need to know to be able to do this properly? I have been in IT for a long time, and somehow avoided learning properly about how RF works. I guess now's the time to roll up my sleeves. I am at your mercy.
EDIT: a day after accepting one of the answers, I did some more testing and found it wasn't working as well as I'd like.
My Ruckus AP didn't allow me to set minimum rates, so I had to get creative. I set my Aruba (primary AP) to prefer 5GHz channels, and I set a high minimum transmit rate. I eliminated all but the top 5, 5GHz channels, travelled into the room where I wanted it to switch and then started turning down the power (on the main AP) until I saw my laptop switch to the secondary AP.
Eliminating channels I didn't want also helped, it seems like some channels punch through walls too easily, hence the devices managing to hang on to the less ideal AP. Also, I found that some channels performed way better (149 for example got me 1300Mbps). I then repeated the exercise as closely as I could with the secondary AP, eliminating slow channels, then setting up my devices where I would want them to switch back to the main AP and turning down the power until I lost my connection to the secondary AP.
Then I took signal and SNR readings, as well as timed 1GB transfers to the main server/NAS.
With Ethernet clocking in just under 13s, my WiFi performance numbers were anywhere between 23.5s - 101.1s depending on where I took the readings from, with the 101 being an anomaly - the next highest was 47.7s, and the average was 39.62s. I'm happy with that.