1

Hi I'm trying to use quagga to connect 3 routers but the middle one doen't complete the path that a trace route command would do even though it knows where the target address is. It seems that whenever the packages have to go through intemediate routers they get stuck and this problem also happened when I was trying to connect two AS(autonomous systems) using BGP for Inter-AS communication and OSPF for intra-AS communication. So the problem is the intermediate routers that are not doing what I expected when they receive a package that they know the target address of.

In the picture below the yellow line should connect the two computers in the network because they know each other exist through OSPF, but the router N1 is preventing the package from reaching its destination.

Thanks for any help.

enter image description here

N1 Config

interface eth0
  ip address 192.0.2.2/24
  ipv6 address 2001:db8::2/64
!
interface eth1
  ip address 192.0.3.1/24
  ipv6 address 2001:db8:1::1/64
!
router ospf
  router-id 192.0.2.2
  network 192.0.2.0/24 area 0
  network 192.0.3.0/24 area 0 
!
router ospf6
  router-id 192.0.2.2
  interface eth0 area 0.0.0.0
  interface eth1 area 0.0.0.0
!

N1 show ip route enter image description here

N2 Config

interface eth0
  ip address 192.0.2.1/24
  ipv6 address 2001:db8::1/64
!
interface eth1
  ip address 192.0.4.1/24
  ipv6 address 2001:db8:2::1/64
!
router ospf
  router-id 192.0.2.1
  network 192.0.2.0/24 area 0
  network 192.0.4.0/24 area 0 
!
router ospf6
  router-id 192.0.2.1
  interface eth0 area 0.0.0.0
  interface eth1 area 0.0.0.0
!

N2 show ip route enter image description here

N3 Config

interface eth0
  ip address 192.0.3.2/24
  ipv6 address 2001:db8:1::2/64
!
interface eth1
  ip address 192.0.5.1/24
  ipv6 address 2001:db8:3::1/64
!
router ospf
  router-id 192.0.3.2
  network 192.0.3.0/24 area 0
  network 192.0.5.0/24 area 0 
!
router ospf6
  router-id 192.0.3.2
  interface eth0 area 0.0.0.0
  interface eth1 area 0.0.0.0
!

N3 show ip route enter image description here

  • 2
    Please, never use an image for text. Copy the text and paste it into the question using the Preformatted-text feature ({}). You have not given us any information demonstrating the problem. Simply telling us that it doesn't work doesn't give us any information about the problem. – Ron Maupin Nov 4 '18 at 21:59
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In the top image, it appears that the traceroute is actually making it all the way from one host to the other host. I think you are concerned that the intermediate hops are not represented.

Traceroute works by sending IP packets with a TTL starting at 1, and increasing the TTL. As a router receives and processes a packet, it decreases the TTL. If the TTL reaches 0, then the packet is discarded, and the router is supposed to send an ICMP message back to the source indicating that the packet timed out. Not all routers do this.

Routers can purposely be configured to not generate the ICMP messages, and ICMP message generation is also a very low priority for the routers, so the message may be generated and sent, but it arrives back to the source too late for the purpose of traceroute. The primary function of a router is to forward packets as fast as possible, and ICMP message generation is something they do when they have some free time and get around to it.

If the hosts can ping each other or otherwise communicate, then your routing is working, and your n7 host is responding to the n6 host traceroute packets, so routing is working.

  • Later i found out that it was actually working as you said and the problem was that the program i was using (C.O.R.E.) wasn't configured to show the complete route. – Jean Willian S. J. Dec 12 '18 at 11:34

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