I'm kinda new to networking. I have a small question, how can I determine what type of casting (unicast, multicast or broadcast) is it based on IPv4 address. For example: 18.104.22.168
I tried to search up but I still don't understand. Thank you.
Network Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for network engineers. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
For IPv4, unicast addresses are in the
22.214.171.124 range*, multicast addresses are in
126.96.36.199 address range.
*Broadcast addresses are more complicated. There is the limited broadcast address (
255.255.255.255) that works on all networks, but there is also a network broadcast address that is the last address in a network.
For a full explanation of IPv4 network addressing, see this two-part answer.