I try to set up a site to site IPsec between an Ericsson router and a Cisco ASA, as shown below:

enter image description here

My tunnel is UP and R1 seems to be working fine. However, my ASA does not forward traffic between local and remote subnets:

act/Lab2/FWasa1# show cryp ipse sa
interface: outside_access
    Crypto map tag: acces_map, seq num: 1, local addr: x.x.x.x      

      access-list crypto_map extended permit ip
      local ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (
      remote ident (addr/mask/prot/port): (
      current_peer: y.y.y.y

      #pkts encaps: 0, #pkts encrypt: 0, #pkts digest: 0
      #pkts decaps: 2640, #pkts decrypt: 2640, #pkts verify: 2640
      #pkts compressed: 0, #pkts decompressed: 0
      #pkts not compressed: 0, #pkts comp failed: 0, #pkts decomp failed: 0
      #pre-frag successes: 0, #pre-frag failures: 0, #fragments created: 0
      #PMTUs sent: 0, #PMTUs rcvd: 0, #decapsulated frgs needing reassembly: 0
      #TFC rcvd: 0, #TFC sent: 0
      #Valid ICMP Errors rcvd: 0, #Invalid ICMP Errors rcvd: 0
      #send errors: 0, #recv errors: 0

act/Lab2/FWasa1# show access-list crypto_map
access-list crypto_map; 2 elements; name hash: 0x2b034900
access-list crypto_map line 1 extended permit ip object local_network object remote_network (hitcnt=8) 0xd0d5d370
  access-list crypto_map line 1 extended permit ip (hitcnt=8) 0xd0d5d370
access-list crypto_map line 2 extended permit icmp object local_network object remote_network (hitcnt=0) 0x1adc0eab
  access-list crypto_map line 2 extended permit icmp (hitcnt=0) 0x1adc0eab

act/Lab2/FWasa1# packet-tracer input locale_interface icmp 8 0

Phase: 2
Subtype: Resolve Egress Interface
Result: ALLOW
Additional Information:
found next-hop x.x.x.x using egress ifc  outside_access

Phase: 2
Result: DROP
Implicit Rule
Additional Information:
 Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
 in  id=0x7f98cedfc200, priority=501, domain=permit, deny=true
        hits=6, user_data=0x7, cs_id=0x0, reverse, flags=0x0, protocol=0
        src ip/id=, mask=, port=0, tag=any
        dst ip/id=, mask=, port=0, tag=any, dscp=0x0
        input_ifc=locale_interface, output_ifc=any

input-interface: locale_interface
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: outside_access
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: drop
Drop-reason: (acl-drop) Flow is denied by configured rule

As you can see, the ACL displayed with show crypto ipsec sa only contains one rule instead of two, as shown with show access-list crypto_map. The first command output shows as well ingress encrypted data, which correspond to a ping I sent from (without receiving any answer).

packet-tracer displays, either with ICMP or TCP, that packets are dropped by an ACL. How can I find out which ACL is responsible for this drop and continue to troubleshoot my issue?

EDIT: For whatever reason, end to end ping works if the source or destination IP is not, which is the ASA local interface IP. If I use the same packet-tracer command with IP instead of, then it just works fine. I don't understand this behavior, but at least it solves my issue. Any information is still appreciated about why this specific IP is not able to be transported towards the other side.

  • We need to see your full (sanitized) ASA configuration. The problem is likely in other parts of your config, and we can't just guess what that might be. – Ron Trunk Mar 19 '19 at 12:22
  • Do you have No nat configured? Do you have ACL configured for allowing traffic IN and out? Do you have default static routing configured? – Visu Mar 19 '19 at 13:01

I suggest you read this link to see how to properly build a tunnel on an ASA and then see if you have any problems.

In general, you need 2 ACLs (when dealing with tunnels): One ACL for letting the traffic enter (and pass through) the ASA, and another ACL for defining the interesting traffic. It looks like you have the interesting traffic ACL but are maybe missing the ACL to let the traffic pass through the firewall. Without seeing your full config it's impossible for us to really know what's going on. You can edit your question and add a sanitized config if you'd like more help.

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