I'm a little confused, couldn't flow control be performed just using the ACK field in the header? Why is there a FLOW bit as well?

1 Answer 1


The ARQN bit doesn't provide the sender with enough information to be used as flow control. ACK only means "I received the packet intact."

I don't see how it could also be used for flow control. If the receiver receives the packet, but wants the sender to stop, what could it do? If it sends an ACK, the sender will keep on sending. If it sends a NAK, or sends nothing, that tells the sender the packet was bad. So the sender will retransmit it, making things worse. The FLOW bit means "I'm busy, please stop sending."

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.