CIDR improves the allocation of IP addresses. VLSM allows to define a subnet as we wish. Can CIDR used without using VLSM?
To understand CIDR and VLSM, you'll want to also understand their "opposite" terms: Classful assignments and FLSM:
- Classful and CIDR — these have to do with the size of networks as they are assigned from IANA.
- FLSM and VLSM — these have to do with how you allocate your IP space within your networks.
To define each term individually:
- Classful addressing is IANA/RIRs assigning IP space from Class A, B, or C blocks (legacy).
FLSM, or Fixed Length Subnet Masking, mandates that every IP subnet within your deployment be the same size (legacy).
- VLSM, or Variable Length Subnet Masking, allows any IP subnet within your deployment to be any size (modern standard).
More details here:
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In CIDR , an IP network is represented by a prefix, which is an IP address and some indication of the length of the mask. Length means the number of left-most contiguous mask bits that are set to one. So network 172.16.0.0 255.255.0.0 can be represented as 172.16.0.0/16. CIDR also depicts a more hierarchical Internet architecture, where each domain takes its IP addresses from a higher level. This allows for the summarization of the domains to be done at the higher level. For example, if an ISP owns network 172.16.0.0/16, then the ISP can offer 172.16.1.0/24, 172.16.2.0/24, and so on to customers. Yet, when advertising to other providers, the ISP only needs to advertise 172.16.0.0/16.
Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSM) allows you to use different masks for each subnet, thereby using address space efficiently.
Given the same network and requirements as in Sample Exercise to develop a subnetting scheme with the use of VLSM, given:
netA: must support 14 hosts
netB: must support 28 hosts
netC: must support 2 hosts
netD: must support 7 hosts
netE: must support 28 host
so the difference is CIDR is supernetting while VLSM is explained better with the following:
22.214.171.124 can be broken down into 5 different networks given the example requirement above into:
netB: 126.96.36.199/27 host address range 1 to 30
netE: 188.8.131.52/27 host address range 33 to 62
netA: 184.108.40.206/28 host address range 65 to 78
netD: 220.127.116.11/28 host address range 81 to 94
netC: 18.104.22.168/30 host address range 97 to 98