In literature, I see UDP datagram format as following: enter image description here

I cannot understand why it does not include source and destination IP addresses?

  • 6
    Hmmm, no mac-address shown either. – This Mar 6 '14 at 14:21
  • 2
    What is the difference between a segment and a packet? – YLearn Mar 6 '14 at 14:39
  • A packet contains IP source and destination, a segment contains protocol information. – HAL Mar 6 '14 at 21:57

Because you're looking at the UDP Datagram, which is the payload in an IP Datagram. The IP Header has the src/dst IP addresses.

  • Why are we having the source and destination ports in UDP Datagram in that case? – Curious Coder Jan 18 '20 at 0:58

At transmission the psuedoheader is added for the destination and source IP addresses. This might clarify the process a bit more:

By itself, the UDP packet header only contains the source port and destination port of the client/target as well as a checksum and length.

This is a related question asked on StackOverflow:

  • 2
    The pseudoheader is only used for calculating checksums, it is never actually transmitted. – Peter Green Feb 3 '17 at 12:15

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