I'm not 100% understanding how NATing works. Let me setup our network and talk this through.
So first of all, lets say that I have an IP size of 4 bits so 16 possible combination. The only private IPs are
1.1.*.* this means that on my local network I can have 4 computers with addresses:
22.214.171.124 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206
And in total on the internet there are
(2^2-1)*2^2=12 public addresses which is a total of 12 public and 4 private = 16.
But if I didn't have the public/private scheme I'd still have
How does NATing increase the number of computers on the LAN that can be addressed? I'm not at all understanding.
I can't see how using ports can increase the number of computers on a LAN. Each computer still has it's own address so why would the number of total devices increase?