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Questions tagged [arp]

For questions about Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). ARP resolves OSI layer-3 addresses to OSI layer-2 addresses.

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is there a way to force a PC to only accept a certain router as its DHCP server? [closed]

i would think you could somehow force the PC to only accept a specific MAC address as a DHCP server. But then is there a way to require the PC verify the DHCP server is actually the DHCP server it's ...
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379 views

Why would a switch ever send an ARP request for a MAC address when it can just wait for the first packet to be received from a device?

I've been reading 'Windows Networking Fundamentals' and in that book it says that a switch can learn what MAC address is associated with a particular port when the connected device makes its first ...
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Sending Frames Among Routers needs MACs?

Following this discussion: ARP request outside of LAN; Target machine or router response? I'd like to understand if router 1 sends its frames to router 2 through the same ARP process as discussed ...
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Is there a way to capture only gratuitous ARP's using tcpdump?

I'm trying to set up tcpdump to filter only gratuitous ARP's. I know that I need to search for packets with a host set to ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff. And I found the arp.opcode parameter, but I can't seem to ...
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Swapping routers resulting in ARP issues?

A day ago I tried to swap out a router with a Meraki MX-84 Gateway in order to test the Meraki's VPN functionality. I set the static IP configuration on the MX-84's Internet interface to be the same ...
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30 views

Why the ARP packet contains values like “Physical Address length” etc?

From what i know,MAC addresses are made of 48 bits,while IPv4 addresses are 32 bits Why are there these header fields? Are there MAC addresses with more or less 48 bits?
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No route to host for IPs in same subnet being routed by bgp

I have set up BGP to do some custom routing for a subset of addresses in the range 192.168.1.0/24. I have verified that the BGP is working by testing ping/curl on a different host in a different ...
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1answer
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Virtual IP failover issue with vmware exsi ip based hashing

We are deploying HA database cluster on exsi which based on virtual IP concept for failover. if One node fail reserved VIP will be assigned to another node we have two exsi nodes and two virtual ...
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How can a Juniper Router update its arp table?

I know the ARP table is cached data. On Juniper, we can use show arp to query the arp table: admin@juniper> show arp | match "16.23.43.75" ac:1f:6b:90:d1:ca 16.23....
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On a 3560E Switch

** Attempting to view IP address of a Non-Cisco device connected to the switchport. Already entered show mac address-table int gi0/35. Got the mac, then tried the sho ip arp vlan 120 | include ...
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Whether the ARP table is based on IP or Interface?

Is the arp table based on IP or based on network interface? I have a VM, it has an Interface with 10.211.55.7, when I show the arp, it shows: I want to know if the ARP table data is divided by IP or ...
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46 views

Arp Cache Timeout [closed]

I'm trying to poll the arp table from a backbone switch but i want to understand which records are up. I just want to know if there is a specific time for the switch to keep a record on the arp table ...
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Wireshark switch ping

I understand that a switch will broadcast to all ports if it doesn't have the destined destination in its mac address table but when I analysed a scenario in wireshark I got confused at what happened. ...
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How does a system know the local gateways MAC address for given IP address [duplicate]

Assuming you have the following network structure. Knowing the IP address of the WWW-Server, system A wants to send an IP packet. As I understand the destination MAC address has to be in the same ...
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switch wireshark arp

I connected 4 pcs to a switch, I used pc 1 to ping another pc(pc 3) and used wireshark on all the pc's. The one that sent the ping sent out an arp request and received 4 request and replies from the ...
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Please help me understand this simple arp request / reply - how does a router know an IP address without knowing the MAC address?

I am new to networking, I am using Wireshark on my home PC to learn about ARP. I understand that ARP is used to build the ARP cache, which correlates IP addresses to MAC addresses on a LAN. ARP ...
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Does every host on the LAN share the same ARP table, or do hosts keep them individually?

I'm just learning about ARP. I'm a little bit confused. My confusion is better explained in a scenario. Host A is communicating with Host B. Host A knows Host B's IP address, but not it's MAC address....
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1answer
128 views

MAC Table vs ARP

I understand that for a switch to learn a MAC address, if host A wanted to send data to Host B the switch learns host A MAC and places it in the MAC table. If it doesn't know where the MAC (for Host B)...
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How does a computer know IP address of a computer on another network

I was watching a video explaining ARP, which was explained really easily but I got confused when they said that Host A already knows Host D ip address which is on another network. Host A and B were ...
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ARP and OSI model layers [duplicate]

Is ARP Layer 3 or Layer 2 protocol? It is used to figure out destination MAC, which is a second layer address, however, it has the info about destination IP address, which is a third layer address, ...
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86 views

How does a router know the destination mac?

so if I send a packet from a host to another from the same network we know the mac address of both the source and destination. However if the receiver is in a remote network the destination mac ...
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What is the bridging decision when getting ARP request?

Setup: Assume I have 3 VMs. VM1 VM2 and VM3. VM2 has two interfaces, say eth1 and eth3. eth1 is connected to VM1 physically and eth3 to VM3. I create a bridge on VM2 using brctl with eth1 and eth3. ...
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Why we need ARP when each device has its own IP address?

I don't really understand Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). Why we need ARP when each device has its own IP address?
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If ARP uses broadcast, can I find out MAC-Address AND IP with it?

I have a peripheral device, connected via Ethernet to my Ubuntu. I would like to find out its IP, and untofetunately no it is not cached in my ARP table. ARP broadcasts the messages to every ...
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154 views

How does ARP work on multilayer (Cisco) switches

I'm going to develop an example scenario here: There is a computer that is connected to an interface on the switch that has been assigned VLAN2 and another computer on an interface that has been ...
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179 views

Cisco ARP cache rewrites?

I know that the Cisco's default ARP entry expiration is 240 minutes, however how does the ARP table mechanism work when a different MAC address is seen using the same IP? In other words, if I move ...
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104 views

To what address does ARP reply in the presence of MAC masquerading

The ARP packet has a duplicate of the sender/destination hardware address. Theoretically, you could have a case where a device sent Layer2: From AA:BB:CC:DD:EE:FF To FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF Layer3: ARP ...
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How can subnets not fulfil symmetric property?

While studying Internet Protocol, I came upon the following example of two devices: Device A: IP address: 10.1.1.1 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0 and Device B: IP address 10.1.1.200 Subnet mask 255....
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Do the intermediate nodes learn a MAC address in ARP?

my doubt is about the ARP protocol. I know the procedure: if a host wants to know the MAC address of another sends a broadcast frame and the destination answers with its MAC. However, if an ...
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Does bridge store ARP reply information?

In above picture, D is sending packet to E and bridges B1,B2,B3,B4 have no forwarding entries. Firstly, D sends packet to B3 nad B3's forwarding table is updated. B3 sends packet to B2. Therefore, B2'...
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121 views

Cisco Nexus 5672, not showing ARP records for VLANs

I have a Cisco Nexus 5672 which only lists the management VLAN ARP records, when doing show ip arp vrf all yet we have many VLANs on this switch, but it doesn't have a IP in all the VLANs, only the ...
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ARP Table Entries

I tried to look into different ARP topic but none of them helped me. It may be a ridiculous question for many of you, please have mercy on a poor noob studying for CCNA :) This been said, here's the ...
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233 views

How can I match conditions when I show arp?

In my Cisco Router I check the arp: Router>show arp Protocol Address Age (min) Hardware Addr Type Interface Internet 192.168.1.1 - 0001.42D2.AE01 ARPA ...
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Ping command through network

I have been trying to understand how and what tables are populated ( if they are clean at the start) when a ping command goes through. Lets say I have this network: I want to send a ping command from ...
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Why does arp request get broadcast even though it knows the ip address of receiver?

Since the arp request wants to know the Mac address of an ip address which belongs to any one device what's the purpose of sending a broadcast Anyway even though we know only that ip address device ...
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154 views

ARP requests from outside the network [closed]

I need help understanding an ARP Storm PCAP I'm currently studying. My understating is that routers will strip layer 2 info. Therefore, an ARP request frame will not go through a layer 3 device (...
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How did one go from IP to MAC in classful networks?

This is more of a question asked out of curiosity than for practical reasons, but it's bugging me, because it might point to a lack of understanding elsewhere. Back when classful IP addresses were ...
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425 views

How to capture ARP Reply packet from all hosts in the network?

How can I capture ARP reply packets from all hosts that are connected in the network? I've tried wireshark premicious mode but it only capture ARP replies from gateway.
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How can i monitor ARP packet on WiFi network?

I want to monitor packet in my network. It said that ARP packet request broadcasted all over network. But why i only see my arp request packet and reply packet to the gateway?
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What is the characteristic of spoofed ARP packets?

Hi what is the characteristic of spoofed ARP packets? I want to know how to detect it but before that I have to know how can I call a packet a spoofed packet. I hope you can help me thank you.
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Dynamically learned MAC address seems to never expire

I have a user getting error "No logon servers available" at login on a Windows machine. Topology is this: R1--SW1--IP phone--PC1 I cannot ping PC1 neither from its gateway R1 nor from SW1 (access ...
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What does “delta” stand for in arpwatch?

I've just set up Arpwatch on my pfSense machine and started getting emails about flip flops in my network. As the network is quite big, I understand that the flip flops indicate that a certain IP-...
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601 views

How to force users on my LAN to use a specific DNS server using ARP poisoning?

I'm attempting to force all hosts on my LAN to use a specific DNS server to filter certain material, however I'm running into problems. I've had problems in the past trying to configure my router's ...
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Why ARP need ARP cross LAN request?

Why ARP need ARP cross LAN request? When I am reading a document: You see the host A(10.1.0.1/8) send ARP Request for 20.2.0.1/8's MAC address. In general, the ARP request is for MAC address in the ...
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760 views

Why would pfSense ignore arp requests?

I'm configuring pfSense 2.4.3p1 as a transparent firewall. It's running in virtual machine with two vtnet paravirtualized adapters: WAN (vtnet0) connected to a 'far-side' network containing the ...
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Why do clients request a MAC via ARP, if the router knows the local LAN's MAC addresses already?

If I have an infrastructure type network, why does a local PC send out an ARP request for a MAC? Doesn't the router know the MAC addresses already, since it is using at least Layer 2? Does it do ...
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How to prevent IP conflict when using VRRP

We are currently using VSRP (Layer2/3) where we have a single IP as the gateway per VLAN. We are considering moving to VRRP (Layer3) which requires 3 IPs, 1 virtual and 2 real ones. This means that ...
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Iterative queries of a default DNS server

I have just started to study networks and I have a confusion about what happens when a default DNS server does iterative queries to other DNS servers to resolve a name in an IP address. I am very ...
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Network interface issues an ARP request to get the MAC address of an actively used gateway

My network interface actively uses a gateway to send IP packets to other networks. There is already an ARP entry in the cache for the IP/MAC association for the gateway. Is it normal that my network ...
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How does the ARP table work in case of the Gateway Router?

Suppose I am a host, I understand how ARP works in case I address an IP within my subnet. For each IP address there is a corresponding MAC address, and the owner responds to my broadcast ARP query. ...