Questions tagged [bandwidth]

For questions about bandwidth where bandwidth is the amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second). This tag is suitable when your question is about network congestion, speed, throughput and of course low bandwidth problems.

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When using multicast, all users have same bandwidth?

I'm reading https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/9370130 and in this paper, achievable rate for the uplink transmission from user n to the UAV is w_n is the bandwidth allocated to user n(...
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2 answers
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Determine network traffic on a switch port in bit/s from Wireshark

I am trying to understand how much data is flowing through a specific port on a Cisco (Stratix) switch. I have set up Port Mirroring so that I can capture the traffic on the target port via Wireshark. ...
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Why wifi channel 6 is supposed to be a good channel in generel? [duplicate]

lets say that we have 44 wifi 2.4GHZ 802.11b/g/n routers each can use any of 11 channels and each channel have exactly 4 routers. In this situation I can see that only channel 1, 11 are my best ...
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1 answer
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Can total throughput (read throughput + write throughput) exceed the bandwidth of a network?

I was looking at the counters on a machine in production and found that the read throughput was 3.5 GBps and the write throughput was 4.5 GBps ( the counter measures the read bytes and write bytes per ...
0 votes
1 answer
235 views

Why would I need fq_codel? [closed]

I've been studying TC for a while. I came across this answer containing a script. In it we set the egress limit as: # setup bandwidth limiting: tc qdisc add dev "$DEV" root handle 1: tbf ...
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1 answer
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What is the maximum data throughput of mobile data on the 800MHz range? [closed]

When it comes to auctioning spectrum licenses, I see that spectrums 10MHz wide seem to fetch higher prices (i.e. in South Africa at least - https://www.biznews.com/sa-investing/2020/12/24/telkom-sues-...
5 votes
2 answers
881 views

Why are there 11 channels in WiFi communication instead of 3?

I'm a little confused about subdividing the WiFi radio band into 11 channels in the USA, 14 in Japan, and 13 in Europe, and to then use just 3 of them because of the overlapping problem. Why didn't ...
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0 answers
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LTE NR split throughput among different bands and carrier

Using a mobile device I can measure the throughput in download and upload while connected to an LTE and/or NR mobile cell. If I know the details of the cells to which the device is connected and so I ...
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2 answers
76 views

Bandwidth guarantees in packet switching networks

Are there any mechanisms/techniques to implement bandwidth guarantees in packet switching networks? Thank you!
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

If TCP packets are pre acknowledged, what happens if packets are dropped?

On a VSat link with 800ms RTT latency and 10mbps bandwidth, that means 1MB bandwidth-delay product (data in flight). According to this useful (but closed) Q/A, packets are injected on both sides of ...
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2 answers
561 views

What's the difference between Channel Capacity and Bandwidth?

The definitions of Channel Capacity and Bandwidth I read are exactly the same, so what's the difference between them/their exact definitions? The Nyquist formula is C = 2 * B * log2 M, so they can't ...
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T_Latency = T_Propagation + T_Transmit + T_Queue? [duplicate]

I am currently learning about the so-called 'physical layer' of a computer network. The following claim is made: The latency of a message is the total time for the whole message to arrive: T_Latency =...
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Is there any way to send different data packets together over wireline/wireless link? [duplicate]

I would like to know if there is a technology that allow to send many packets (of different data) together and at the same time over communication link (whether in wireline or wireless networks) of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
783 views

Rate vs Capacity vs Throughput vs Bandwidth

I've already referred to this question & all the answers to this question: Bandwidth vs Throughput vs Data(bit) rate I'm still confused about all the terms especially due to the last paragraph ...
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2 answers
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Can a fast internet connection compensate for a slow server?

If the sever is bottlenecking at 100kB/s with a bandwidth of A, would it bottleneck at any higher speed with a bandwidth of 2A? In another words, can a fast internet connection compensate for a slow ...
1 vote
2 answers
418 views

Bandwidth, Latency, Download speed and Upload speed

In the midst of trying to diagnose a slow vpn issue, I'm getting a bit confused by the various metrics being mentioned by the many different techs I've been speaking with. From what I understand, ...
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1 vote
0 answers
25 views

What are the good hardware, software and equipment's suggestions to set up a wireless infrastructure? [closed]

I am working on providing wireless infrastructure suggestions to a client like what software, hardware and equipment will be required to a client in order for them to set up the wireless ...
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2 answers
46 views

what happend when inbound traffics over the limit of bandwidth? [closed]

Sorry for my English. Let's say there is a chat server in AWS and it has bandwidth limit like 5Gbps. Someday, massive user comes and it spikes a lot of traffic in a second and finally it overs 5Gbps ...
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1 answer
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Why are download and upload bandwidths different? [closed]

If I take any internet connection speed test (e.g. https://www.speedtest.net/) at home then a report is provided which shows different download and upload speeds. Why is this? How is downstream and ...
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1 answer
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Virtual Circuits in a narrow band network

I know that in a broadband network a virtual circuit is established like in an X.25, frame relay and ATM. Is there a virtual circuit established in narrow band network and if yes then how is it ...
1 vote
2 answers
67 views

Reconciling multiple definitions of Bandwidth

I am confused about the meaning of the term 'Bandwidth' in a wireless transmission environment. The two most common definitions I could find are: difference between the upper and lower frequencies in ...
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2 votes
4 answers
260 views

why we make each burst of data 2 times the product of bandwidth and delay?

Below is from my textbook: if we need to send data in bursts and wait for the acknowledgment of each burst before sending the next one. To use the maximum capability of the link, we need to make the ...
2 votes
3 answers
650 views

How do you calculate required uplink on a Switch? [duplicate]

Lets just say i have an access switch with 8 1G port downlink, and all downlink ports are connected to the users. I want to connect said switch to an aggregation switch. How do I determine the ...
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1 answer
786 views

TCP Bandwidth and delay guarantees

I was wondering if TCP can provide bandwidth and delay guarantees? Or does it have to implemented on the application layer?
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2 answers
291 views

How could the line rate of T1 be 1.544 Mbps?

T1 signal is the output of a 24-to-1 digital multiplexer whose inputs are 64 kbps each (plus one framing bit). But a multiplexer is simply an electronic device that selects between several inputs and ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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What would the bandwidth be while transferring from a machine with a 2.5 Gbps NIC to a machine with a 10 Gbps NIC?

I have two machines connected via a managed network switch capable of supporting 10 Gbps bandwidth. What would the bandwidth be if I transfer data from machine 1 with a 2.5 Gbps network card to ...
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Worst-case efficiency of PPP escaping mechanism

Will transferring over PPP data stream containing only reserved bytes 0x7E, 0xFF, 0x03 reduce bandwidth by 50% because of escaping? Then it seems to be very stupid if not say moronic. Such poor ...
1 vote
1 answer
77 views

Link utilization

I have a topology below (two switches S1 and S2), each interface has two metrics (ifinutilization and ifoututilization). %ifinutilization = ( (ifinoctets * 8) * 100 ) / ifspeed %ifoututilization =...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Tx and Rx network metrics

Rx means Receive, and Tx means Transmit. I need to know how can i calculate link utilization (Bandwidth utilization) from these metrics ?, do i need to average them or getting maximum ?
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1 answer
104 views

Monitor individual device traffic on Cisco RV042

I am able to monitor Total Traffic consumption on the Cisco RV042 router using SNMP and PRTG. I want to be able to monitor traffic used by each device on my net
9 votes
1 answer
667 views

What does bandwidth (digital) really mean?

Recently I came across a new kind of NIC capable of 400Gbps (It kind of blew my mind). Does it mean it's electric circuitry is capable of serializing/deserializing (SERDES) 400G bits per second of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
27 views

Streaming Online Video from Home: Bandwidth and Provider Restrictions? [closed]

This is merely meant as a thought experiment, because I reckon it's generally a bad idea with regards to scalability, security, etc., BUT: Imagine a person wanted to start streaming videos from his ...
1 vote
4 answers
231 views

does fiber optic transmit data as fast as light?

I dont know where to ask this question. So i think its best suited for networking community. As fiber optic transmit data using light. So we are getting/sending data at the speed of light ?? I did ...
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1 answer
105 views

Bandwidth limit between CPE and Provider Equipment

I have 4 different WAN links for redundancy one of them is 15mbps MPLS and the other ones are 30mbps Internet , 50 mbps Internet and 10 mbps MPLS , the way that it is set up is that we have load ...
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

why we need to make the size of our burst 2 times the product of bandwidth and delay? [duplicate]

A textbook which says: The bandwidth-delay product defines the number of bits that can fill the link. This measurement is important if we need to send data in bursts and wait for the acknowledgment ...
5 votes
1 answer
210 views

Getting lot of unwanted broadcasts on my network

I am pretty new in Networking (noob), while I was monitoring my network using Wireshark, and I found that there is a lot of broadcasts happening all over the network, broadcast on Local network ...
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1 vote
1 answer
74 views

How to score links in a network represented as graph?

I am working on an academic research about networks. I have proposed my model a a graph that nodes are users with commodity hardware connected to each other via internet as graph links. I know this is ...
1 vote
2 answers
6k views

How to measure max bandwidth with Wireshark?

I'm trying to measure the max bandwidth usage of my LAN with Wireshark. I´ve done several packet captures but I don't know how to obtain the max bandwidth usage. Any Idea? Thank you in advance
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2 votes
2 answers
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Fiber to copper conversion, what are the odds?

My ISP says they bring optical fiber to their junction box outside and they bring the copper cable inside from the junction box. And they're promising a symmetrical bandwidth with a speed upto 50MBps. ...
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2 votes
2 answers
576 views

Transferring data speed of Fast Ethernet

I am wondering that between 2 hosts in LAN, when i send one file which weights 1Mb versus 1 file weights 0.3Mb from the first host to the second host using TCP/IP protocol, would the latter come first?...
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2 votes
1 answer
225 views

RSVP bandwidth value configuration in Juniper MX

Can someone please explain is it a good practice to change RSVP bandwidth value of an interface? We have two bundle links between R1 and R2 namely ae13 and ae22 . Both R1 and R2 are Juniper MX ...
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6 votes
1 answer
859 views

Bandwidth limit Cisco 3400 ME problem

I want to limit bandwidth (speed) of interface of Cisco 3400 ME switch. I did these: policy-map parent class class-default shape average 64000 And in gi0/2 interface I apply it: service-policy ...
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1 vote
1 answer
248 views

Bandwidth & shape average combined

Here is a class-map that our provider has configured : class ce_ef_output police 2600000 class ce_af1_output police 5360000 class class-default bandwidth 592 class class-default shape ...
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7 votes
4 answers
3k views

Can throughput exceed the bandwidth of a network

I took an introductory course to networking this semester and I was wondering: looking at things at the layer 4 level using TCP can the throughput on the network exceed its bandwidth? According to the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can I limit bandwidth for certain IP address, subnet or VLAN on Cisco 881?

I have a router with several workstations running on the switched ports. I need to limit their WAN bandwidth. I tried to use rate-limit on Vlan1, but it looks like it had no effect. What is the ...
2 votes
1 answer
763 views

What is max speed of WiFi Direct (P2P)?

I'm looking for information on what kind of speeds theoretically can devices connected through WiFI Direct achieve, assuming all devices support WiFi ac?
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1 answer
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Estimating bandwidth requirements and productivity gain from traffic data

My small office has a 30Mbit/s internet connection, on which two or three people work. We could get twice the bandwidth at a substantial cost. I imagine a bandwidth upgrade would slightly improve ...
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3 votes
2 answers
528 views

Spine and Leaf architecture with LACP

In a spine and leaf architecture with Link Aggregation between spine and leaves (active-active) like this: Do we have the same active-atcive link aggregation between the leaf and the server? Is the ...
3 votes
4 answers
954 views

What is the difference between Ethernet types, considering bandwidth?

Different types of Ethernet (standard Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet) have different speed of data transfer (10 Mbit, 100 Mbit, 1 Gbit). Why is that? On the physical layer, the speed of ...
2 votes
1 answer
719 views

QOS police vs bandwidth - is this configuration wrong?

I understand bandwidth in QOS is use to guarantee a minimum bandwidth I understand police in QOS is to set a limit to the maximum bandwidth. class test_out police **1608000** 50000 100000 conform-...
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