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Questions tagged [ieee-802.11]

For questions about the IEEE 802.11 series of protocols, also known as Wi-Fi. This tag should be used when asking about enterprise or corporate Wi-Fi networking questions. Questions about home wireless networks are off topic.

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5 views

How can i configure Unbound to use Microsoft Virtual Adapter [on hold]

I need a light DNS and i found Unbound. It work fine with ethernet adapter, but i need that it work with WiFi adapter (resolve queries from wireless devices). I use a program to create a hotspot to ...
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14 views

DIY WiFi ap antenna [on hold]

I'm looking for some help, i have the isp router inside of the living room and my laptop in my bedroom, the problem is that with the stock router antennas the wifi signal is very poor ant it doesn't ...
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12 views

How can i know the device info using MAC address of the device? [on hold]

I have got a router in the institute, I wanna monitor the visited websites by the users through it, and moreover, I want to trace the person using the mac address of the device listed in the statics ...
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19 views

Is there any fixed version of CSMA/CA?

I was trying to understand exact algorithm for Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Avoidance mechanism from Forouzan's book. The book gives very detail explanation of topics. However explanation ...
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2answers
41 views

Can / Is CSMA/CA used in wired network?

I learnt why CSMA/CD cannot be used in wireless protocols here. Here is what the answer says: Wireless transceivers can't send and receive on the same channel at the same time, so they can't detect ...
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1answer
40 views

AP won't join WLC

I have a lightweight AP AIR-AP3802I-E-K9 that I'm trying to connect to my WLC, but it just won't. When I run a debug on the WLC, I can see the Join request from my AP, and I can see my WLC sending a ...
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1answer
42 views

UDP in wifi getting excessively buffered

We are using a wifi-enabled device that receives a stream of UDP packets (30 per second). It is very important for us to receive these messages without lag, that's why we are using UDP and not TCP ...
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2answers
59 views

Different Wi-Fi security levels under same private subnet

I'm working on an assignment and I'm given a hypothetical scenario where: A company has a local subnet where everything shares the flat address space 192.168.0.0/8 (this means that any device can ...
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2answers
35 views

Airtime efficiency

How is airtime efficiency measured? How does one increase it, decrease power consumption, and minimize the amount of RF transmitted? cf. these comments
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2answers
73 views

Is it really necessary for APs to constantly send beacon frames (always be in “discovery mode”)?

Why do wireless APs constantly transmit (e.g., with a beacon interval of 10×/sec.), even when no devices are connected to them? Doesn't that just cause needless RFI? Is it really necessary to ...
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1answer
42 views

Setting all switchports as tagged for 200 x VLANs?

question: should I expect any performance hit from enabling 210x tagged VLANs on ALL 24x ports of a switch (or alternatively setting ALL 24x ports as trunk ports) background / equipment: We have a ...
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19 views

How to set up secondary home WiFi network [closed]

I have a Google WiFi Mesh system at home. It's powered by my Xfinity modem/router combo in which I disable the WiFi on. Everything works great. I have lightning-fast speeds across my entire house. ...
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1answer
21 views

Does WIFI allow an AP to probe clients? Even ones not connected?

I am aware that clients can send probe requests to find hidden SSID APs. Also, I've seen that clients can send probe-any requests with NULL SSID lists, to see all APs within range. However, can APs ...
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64 views

Why are there so many more dual-band (2.4 & 5 GHz) Wi-Fi APs than single-band, 5GHz-only ones?

Why are so many more dual band (802.11n 2.4GHz & 802.11ac 5 GHz) APs than single-band, 5GHz-only ones? Is this for backwards compatibility?
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33 views

Hide SSID to block probe requests from clients

According to this Answer clients are sending probe requests to discover wifi networks. If I hide the SSID the AP wouldn't need to handle these probe requests and therefore the workload would be lower....
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13 views

Small Network Router Recommendation [closed]

I'm looking for some thoughts from those of you with some expertise on small-network design. My home / business network consists of: Two 16 port switches (TP-Link TL-SG1016) One 8 port powered ...
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50 views

Set up multiple WAP4410N AP with same SSID

We are facing a WiFi connection issue in the prod environment at client place (a big hall, around 200ft x 150ft). Details: Environment: 4 Cisco WAP4410N Access points mounted on the pillars in the ...
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1answer
79 views

Restructuring office network advice and How to go about VLAN setup?

Wanted to get some advice and assurance that I’m on the right track for re-configuring our office network. Current setup: FortiGate100D with 2 physical network interfaces, network-1 used for regular ...
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35 views

Why wifi and ethernet use the same frame format from tcpdump -d output?

If I execute tcpdump -i wlan0 tcp -d or tcpdump -i eth0 tcp -d I get the same output (000) ldh [12] (001) jeq #0x86dd jt 2 jf 7 (002) ldb [20] (003) jeq #0x6 ...
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3answers
41 views

Wifi antenna to detect clients

I would like to know if it is technically possibile to detect and recognize a client (PC/smartphone) during its wifi scan. My goal is to get the list with identifiar like mac address or other unique ...
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3answers
62 views

How can we troubleshoot Wifi problems apart from the basic tips?

We have a Zyxel Wifi with an NXC2500 and two WAC6503D-S access points in our office. Around 30 devices are connected. We have both a 2,4GHz and a 5GHz radio active, both on channels without known ...
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2answers
120 views

Wireless Multipoint Bridging / Backhaul Gateway Antenna and AP Selection

My company is replacing an old wireless bridging system with new 802.11ac gear. Layout is a central building with 4 remote buildings within 180 degrees line of sight. Bridging only. I think that I ...
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1answer
85 views

Capturing Wireless Network Packets

See below link that I was unable to comment. Sorry for the dupe but I have tried hard to get a satisfactory answer to this question. Upon reading the WS docs and others, I am led to believe that I can ...
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2answers
43 views

4x4 802.11ac 5 GHz WLAN

Reading the tech specs of WIFI devices (see here as an example) phrases as this one appears: Supports 4x4 802.11ac 5 GHz WLAN interface with multi-user multiple input, multiple output (MU-MIMO) I do ...
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1answer
20 views

How wifi solve medium access (Distributed Co-ordination Function) in overlapped channels

My locality has 11 Access points and as per wifi specification only 11 channels are available which are overlapped. Assuming all 11 Access points working on these 11 overlapped channels (each at one ...
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1answer
56 views

RV260W as Access Point

We recently upgraded to a proper firewall, with some help from this community, and are now looking to repurpose our RV260w as a wireless access point. I tried already, but I was trying to use the WAN ...
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34 views

How do DCF and MACAW solve the exposed node problem?

With DCF, apparently if Station B sends an RTS to station A, then C delays for NAV(RTS) but cancels if it doesn't detect a CTS. If this were the case it could then sense for DIFS but detect data from ...
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55 views

What actually is EIFS?

There are a couple of things on the Internet about EIFS intervals. One way I've found to help people understand EIFS is the following: When a station receives a corrupted frame, it has no way of ...
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1answer
47 views

Why is there no contention window after a DIFS interval on the first transmission in diagrams?

Why, at the start of every diagram representing DCF is there no contention window and it just senses the channel for DIFS before sending RTS? Every other station that has waited for NAV must sense for ...
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1answer
129 views

How does Kismet find WIRED devices when scanning Wi-Fi? [closed]

In an effort to better secure my Wi-Fi network by finding its weaknesses and mitigating them, I have employed the use of Kismet, a well known Wi-Fi security scanning tool. When I use Kismet to scan ...
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1answer
54 views

Using Wi-Fi sensing, could I distinguish directions of moving objects based on time of flights? [closed]

I would like to distinguish the directions of a moving object using Wi-Fi sensing, in an arrangement like this diagram: In my assumption, 1) set up two scanner: A (0, 0, 5) and B (3, 3, 2) 2) there ...
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1answer
73 views

When is the HT Capability section in a probe request packet undefined?

I'm analyzing probe request packets and I'm seeing that some of them has an undefined values in HT Capabilities section. Why? Is it not required in all probe request packets?
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1answer
100 views

Does IEEE 802.11 allow soft-combining?

Out of purely theoretical curiosity, I was wondering whether the IEEE specification for WIFI allows for ARQ with soft-combining. I found a number of publications describing the benefits of soft-...
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1answer
152 views

What is max speed of WiFi Direct (P2P)?

I'm looking for information on what kind of speeds theoretically can devices connected through WiFI Direct achieve, assuming all devices support WiFi ac?
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0answers
109 views

Ad hoc vs Mesh, which one to use?

Say we have four nodes (A, B, C, D) that are arranged in a chain-like topology. A <-------> B <-------> C <-------> D Only the adjacent nodes are in range of one another (A can ...
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1answer
48 views

How to extract transfer rates from a beacon frame (or WLAN_BSS_ENTRY)?

How can I extract the transfer rates (actually I only need the maximum value) from a WLAN_BSS_ENTRY structure (obtained by WlanGetNetworkBssList)? The value wlanRateSet (WLAN_RATE_SET) seems pretty ...
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1answer
409 views

What does MTU depend on?

I'm trying to understand what factors determine the MTU. For instance, why 802.11 has MTU of 2304 while Ethernet MTU of 1500? Are there restrictions of the physical medium or arbitrary design ...
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1answer
39 views

Is there any problem with using wifi to continuously signal numerous sensors?

The company I work for is developing a sensor network that will require roughly 1 sensor per every 6 m2 or about 160 sensors for a 10,000 sq ft building. They need to synchronize them by sending a ...
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1answer
258 views

will wireless devices' MAC address be saved on layer 2 switch?

So I know that basically switches work like this (assuming 2 PCs are connected via Ethernet port) - the switch will store the mapping of the 2 PCs' MAC address and the switch ports in which they ...
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3answers
92 views

Does distance of one user from WiFi AP have negative impact on other connected users?

One of my friends (that knows very well Wireless world) told me following: Consider we have high speed AP. If one user stays out of the range of AP WiFi (lets say 51 meter away) - he will have low ...
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1answer
138 views

Is a fiber optic connection considered a “wired” connection?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.3 As Wikipedia says, 802.3 is for ..."wired Ethernet". How can I name copper and fiber networks in one word to describe 802.3 standard and to distinguish from ...
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1answer
250 views

Why do we have authentication before association in 802.11

Why does client authenticate before associating with the AP. What does open system authentication even achieve. I fail get an accurate reason from my web searches. Best reason I do get is unlike wired ...
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2answers
69 views

What is the purpose of 802.11 authentication?

Why does client authenticate before associating with the AP. What does open system authentication even achieve. I fail get an accurate reason from my web searches.
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1answer
55 views

Authenticating WiFi users with NFC tap points [closed]

I have been looking for a solution to a social WiFi issue at my company. We have poor WiFi authentication for customers in stores, but most of the issues stem from captive portal authentication. My ...
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1answer
57 views

Conversion of WLAN traffic to the outside world

Preamble: I don't have that much experience with lower level computer networking yet. I am currently trying to wrap my head around the workings of the WLAN protocol. While I am starting to get the ...
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1answer
252 views

Is it possible to use 802.11n to send multicast?

I have tried to set the wifi multicast rates and find that all the multicast packets are send by 80211g, so that the max rate is 54M. Can I use the 80211n to achieve higher rate?
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2answers
246 views

802.11X family security protocol identification stage

In what stage (Probing?) in the connection process does the AP "tells" the host it's security protocol? (e.g. "I'm using WEP,WPA etc.) I've sniffed a packet using wireshark but I can't find any ...
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2answers
169 views

connection to AP after what stage? 802.11b protocol

I'm seeing several devices trying to connect to an AP (using wireshark), several send and receive the "Probe response" message (802.11) But the don't even send the association request. Why is that? ...
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1answer
150 views

Why do I see “ethernet” keyword in my wlan0? [closed]

When I check my wireless network card interface with the command ifconfig wlan0: ether -my-mac-adress- (Ethernet) I just started to learn this stuff, but I thought Wifi and Ethernet are kind of ...
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3answers
907 views

Is there any relation between MAC addresses of a dual band (2.4 and 5 GHz) router?

I have a use case where I need to determine whether two MAC addresses belong to the same router with dual band connection 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz. When I did some study, I found that the MAC address of ...