Questions tagged [ieee-802.11]

For questions about the IEEE 802.11 series of protocols, also known as Wi-Fi. This tag should be used when asking about enterprise or corporate Wi-Fi networking questions. Questions about home wireless networks are off topic.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Is it really necessary for APs to constantly send beacon frames (always be in “discovery mode”)?

Why do wireless APs constantly transmit (e.g., with a beacon interval of 10×/sec.), even when no devices are connected to them? Doesn't that just cause needless RFI? Is it really necessary to ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Setting all switchports as tagged for 200 x VLANs?

question: should I expect any performance hit from enabling 210x tagged VLANs on ALL 24x ports of a switch (or alternatively setting ALL 24x ports as trunk ports) background / equipment: We have a ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

How to set up secondary home WiFi network [on hold]

I have a Google WiFi Mesh system at home. It's powered by my Xfinity modem/router combo in which I disable the WiFi on. Everything works great. I have lightning-fast speeds across my entire house. ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Does WIFI allow an AP to probe clients? Even ones not connected?

I am aware that clients can send probe requests to find hidden SSID APs. Also, I've seen that clients can send probe-any requests with NULL SSID lists, to see all APs within range. However, can APs ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Why are there so many more dual-band (2.4 & 5 GHz) Wi-Fi APs than single-band, 5GHz-only ones?

Why are so many more dual band (802.11n 2.4GHz & 802.11ac 5 GHz) APs than single-band, 5GHz-only ones? Is this for backwards compatibility?
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Hide SSID to block probe requests from clients

According to this Answer clients are sending probe requests to discover wifi networks. If I hide the SSID the AP wouldn't need to handle these probe requests and therefore the workload would be lower....
-1
votes
2answers
12 views

Device connecting to WiFi w/o ssid/pwd, how can it work? [closed]

I’m trying to understand how stuff works: I have added a device to my boiler which allow temperature contrôle through a mobile app. In order to connect it to the WiFi network I just followed the ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Connect router to modem to use it's hotspot [closed]

I have an ADSL modem that have problem with WIFI (wifi broken) , (i just use it with LAN). And i also have a router modem (not adsl modem), how can i transmit network connection from my first modem ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Small Network Router Recommendation [closed]

I'm looking for some thoughts from those of you with some expertise on small-network design. My home / business network consists of: Two 16 port switches (TP-Link TL-SG1016) One 8 port powered ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Set up multiple WAP4410N AP with same SSID

We are facing a WiFi connection issue in the prod environment at client place (a big hall, around 200ft x 150ft). Details: Environment: 4 Cisco WAP4410N Access points mounted on the pillars in the ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Restructuring office network advice and How to go about VLAN setup?

Wanted to get some advice and assurance that I’m on the right track for re-configuring our office network. Current setup: FortiGate100D with 2 physical network interfaces, network-1 used for regular ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Why wifi and ethernet use the same frame format from tcpdump -d output?

If I execute tcpdump -i wlan0 tcp -d or tcpdump -i eth0 tcp -d I get the same output (000) ldh [12] (001) jeq #0x86dd jt 2 jf 7 (002) ldb [20] (003) jeq #0x6 ...
0
votes
3answers
40 views

Wifi antenna to detect clients

I would like to know if it is technically possibile to detect and recognize a client (PC/smartphone) during its wifi scan. My goal is to get the list with identifiar like mac address or other unique ...
0
votes
3answers
62 views

How can we troubleshoot Wifi problems apart from the basic tips?

We have a Zyxel Wifi with an NXC2500 and two WAC6503D-S access points in our office. Around 30 devices are connected. We have both a 2,4GHz and a 5GHz radio active, both on channels without known ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Wireless Multipoint Bridging / Backhaul Gateway Antenna and AP Selection

My company is replacing an old wireless bridging system with new 802.11ac gear. Layout is a central building with 4 remote buildings within 180 degrees line of sight. Bridging only. I think that I ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Capturing Wireless Network Packets

See below link that I was unable to comment. Sorry for the dupe but I have tried hard to get a satisfactory answer to this question. Upon reading the WS docs and others, I am led to believe that I can ...
3
votes
2answers
38 views

4x4 802.11ac 5 GHz WLAN

Reading the tech specs of WIFI devices (see here as an example) phrases as this one appears: Supports 4x4 802.11ac 5 GHz WLAN interface with multi-user multiple input, multiple output (MU-MIMO) I do ...
2
votes
1answer
17 views

How wifi solve medium access (Distributed Co-ordination Function) in overlapped channels

My locality has 11 Access points and as per wifi specification only 11 channels are available which are overlapped. Assuming all 11 Access points working on these 11 overlapped channels (each at one ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

RV260W as Access Point

We recently upgraded to a proper firewall, with some help from this community, and are now looking to repurpose our RV260w as a wireless access point. I tried already, but I was trying to use the WAN ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

How do DCF and MACAW solve the exposed node problem?

With DCF, apparently if Station B sends an RTS to station A, then C delays for NAV(RTS) but cancels if it doesn't detect a CTS. If this were the case it could then sense for DIFS but detect data from ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

What actually is EIFS?

There are a couple of things on the Internet about EIFS intervals. One way I've found to help people understand EIFS is the following: When a station receives a corrupted frame, it has no way of ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Why is there no contention window after a DIFS interval on the first transmission in diagrams?

Why, at the start of every diagram representing DCF is there no contention window and it just senses the channel for DIFS before sending RTS? Every other station that has waited for NAV must sense for ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

How does Kismet find WIRED devices when scanning Wi-Fi? [closed]

In an effort to better secure my Wi-Fi network by finding its weaknesses and mitigating them, I have employed the use of Kismet, a well known Wi-Fi security scanning tool. When I use Kismet to scan ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Using Wi-Fi sensing, could I distinguish directions of moving objects based on time of flights? [closed]

I would like to distinguish the directions of a moving object using Wi-Fi sensing, in an arrangement like this diagram: In my assumption, 1) set up two scanner: A (0, 0, 5) and B (3, 3, 2) 2) there ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

When is the HT Capability section in a probe request packet undefined?

I'm analyzing probe request packets and I'm seeing that some of them has an undefined values in HT Capabilities section. Why? Is it not required in all probe request packets?
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Does IEEE 802.11 allow soft-combining?

Out of purely theoretical curiosity, I was wondering whether the IEEE specification for WIFI allows for ARQ with soft-combining. I found a number of publications describing the benefits of soft-...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

What is max speed of WiFi Direct (P2P)?

I'm looking for information on what kind of speeds theoretically can devices connected through WiFI Direct achieve, assuming all devices support WiFi ac?
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Ad hoc vs Mesh, which one to use?

Say we have four nodes (A, B, C, D) that are arranged in a chain-like topology. A <-------> B <-------> C <-------> D Only the adjacent nodes are in range of one another (A can ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How to extract transfer rates from a beacon frame (or WLAN_BSS_ENTRY)?

How can I extract the transfer rates (actually I only need the maximum value) from a WLAN_BSS_ENTRY structure (obtained by WlanGetNetworkBssList)? The value wlanRateSet (WLAN_RATE_SET) seems pretty ...
3
votes
1answer
398 views

What does MTU depend on?

I'm trying to understand what factors determine the MTU. For instance, why 802.11 has MTU of 2304 while Ethernet MTU of 1500? Are there restrictions of the physical medium or arbitrary design ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Is there any problem with using wifi to continuously signal numerous sensors?

The company I work for is developing a sensor network that will require roughly 1 sensor per every 6 m2 or about 160 sensors for a 10,000 sq ft building. They need to synchronize them by sending a ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

will wireless devices' MAC address be saved on layer 2 switch?

So I know that basically switches work like this (assuming 2 PCs are connected via Ethernet port) - the switch will store the mapping of the 2 PCs' MAC address and the switch ports in which they ...
4
votes
3answers
90 views

Does distance of one user from WiFi AP have negative impact on other connected users?

One of my friends (that knows very well Wireless world) told me following: Consider we have high speed AP. If one user stays out of the range of AP WiFi (lets say 51 meter away) - he will have low ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Is a fiber optic connection considered a “wired” connection?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.3 As Wikipedia says, 802.3 is for ..."wired Ethernet". How can I name copper and fiber networks in one word to describe 802.3 standard and to distinguish from ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

Why do we have authentication before association in 802.11

Why does client authenticate before associating with the AP. What does open system authentication even achieve. I fail get an accurate reason from my web searches. Best reason I do get is unlike wired ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

What is the purpose of 802.11 authentication?

Why does client authenticate before associating with the AP. What does open system authentication even achieve. I fail get an accurate reason from my web searches.
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Authenticating WiFi users with NFC tap points [closed]

I have been looking for a solution to a social WiFi issue at my company. We have poor WiFi authentication for customers in stores, but most of the issues stem from captive portal authentication. My ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Conversion of WLAN traffic to the outside world

Preamble: I don't have that much experience with lower level computer networking yet. I am currently trying to wrap my head around the workings of the WLAN protocol. While I am starting to get the ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Is it possible to use 802.11n to send multicast?

I have tried to set the wifi multicast rates and find that all the multicast packets are send by 80211g, so that the max rate is 54M. Can I use the 80211n to achieve higher rate?
2
votes
2answers
198 views

802.11X family security protocol identification stage

In what stage (Probing?) in the connection process does the AP "tells" the host it's security protocol? (e.g. "I'm using WEP,WPA etc.) I've sniffed a packet using wireshark but I can't find any ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

connection to AP after what stage? 802.11b protocol

I'm seeing several devices trying to connect to an AP (using wireshark), several send and receive the "Probe response" message (802.11) But the don't even send the association request. Why is that? ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Why do I see “ethernet” keyword in my wlan0? [closed]

When I check my wireless network card interface with the command ifconfig wlan0: ether -my-mac-adress- (Ethernet) I just started to learn this stuff, but I thought Wifi and Ethernet are kind of ...
4
votes
3answers
728 views

Is there any relation between MAC addresses of a dual band (2.4 and 5 GHz) router?

I have a use case where I need to determine whether two MAC addresses belong to the same router with dual band connection 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz. When I did some study, I found that the MAC address of ...
5
votes
1answer
459 views

DCF and PCF in Wifi-networks

I am studying, trying to learn how DCF (Distributed Coordination Function) and PCF (Point Coordination Function) works as access methods in WiFi, and how they relate to infrastructure vs ad hoc ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Why isn't there packet loss when WiFi scan during packet transmitting?

Android devices perform periodical (about 10s as period) WiFi scanning in the background. Let's say there is a Infrastructure BSS with 2 stations connected, one of the stations, staA, is a Android ...
5
votes
2answers
71 views

How the packet is routed between two host from same sub-net and associated with same AP?

Given host 'A' and 'B' have IP 10.10.0.5 and 10.10.0.8 respectively, the sub-net mask for both are 255.255.255.0, both 'A' and 'B' are associated and connected to the same AP, and the AP is connected ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Counting the Number of re-transmission for a single UDP packet transmission in IEEE 802.11?

I was working with a client-server project based on UDP and 802.11 as a link and physical layer. There, the client was trying to probe some packets in the wireless channel to gauge channel condition. ...
7
votes
2answers
419 views

How is the Groupwise Transient Key used in WiFi networks?

In Wifi WPA, I understand that during association, a 802.11 client and AP negotiate a Pairwise Transient Key (PTK), using which the Groupwise Transient Key(GTK) is provided to the station. I ...
3
votes
2answers
429 views

Does WiFi broadcast traffic from a station go through the access point?

Let's say I've got two devices connected to my Access Point, a laptop and a tablet. If the laptop sends unicast traffic to the tablet, I understand that it must go through the AP. However, how is ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

If I disable the 5GHz radio on my router will it improve my 2.4GHz performance or range? [closed]

I am having an ASUS RT-AC53 dual-band router having 3 antennas. Currently, it is emitting both the 2.4GHz and 5GHz wifi radios. I am just curious if I disable the 5GHz radio will it anyway improve the ...