Questions tagged [internet]

For questions about interconnected networks.

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33 views

How does a packet know where its destination is? [duplicate]

When I connect to my friend's mobile Wi-Fi hotspot, we both have the same public IP address. Now, when I go to duck.com, how does DuckDuckGo know where to deliver the packets? I mean, I and my friend ...
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1answer
258 views

In practice, how are BGP Advertisement destinations determined and configured?

Say there is ISP-Alice (ISP-A) and ISP-Bob (ISP-B). They both serve neighboring areas, but they currently only peer with ISP-Charlie. They want to change that and peer directly with each other to ...
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1answer
41 views

How can I set up two sub networks that can communicate by LAN but where only one has internet? [closed]

With only two routers, where one has a connection to the internet, is it possible to set up a second sub network that has no access to the internet, but where devices connected to either router can ...
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1answer
94 views

How do internet backbones (and their terminations) work? [closed]

If I establish a TCP connection between a web browser in an Australian household laptop, and a web server in a US data centre, what chain of physical hardware will the signal be sent through? For ...
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1answer
25 views

Does a receiver send acknowledgements after data received/failed in a bus topology and in ring topology? If so, how?

if in a bus or ring topology, is there any acknowledgement or error mechanism that if a packet is sent/or failed to receive/lost.
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3answers
641 views

How do networks duplicate packets en route

I am sorry if this isn't a great place to ask this but I'm not sure which stackexchange to use. I'm not a network engineer but I am curious about one aspect of how the internet functions but I can't ...
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2answers
54 views

Can Vendor User Mac Address of Another?

I heard that each vendor is given a specific start in the Mac Address to use. What's the problem of me creating a company and using the start of Mac Address given to google or Cisco? how is this ...
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0answers
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Cisco 800 Series how Access VLan ISP?

i have a ISP that provide Internet by Vlan and static Ip : ip XXXXXXXX netmask 255.255.255.248 (/29) gateway YYYYYYYY with microtick i can get it work, but with a Cisco 800 Series dont. how can i ...
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33 views

How to create an internet protocol like HTTPS? [closed]

If I want to create my own internet protocol, what should I do? How can I create it? Will people be able to use my protocol in their internet browsers? I asked this question in a simple Discord server ...
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1answer
71 views

Does UDP's lack of congestion control clog up the Internet?

I'm reading Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach, and from what I understand, UDP has no widely adopted mechanism for congestion control like TCP does. Isn't this a problem for the Internet as a ...
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2answers
1k views

Is a point-to-point T1 line literally a line in real life?

In Packet Tracer this is how we draw a WAN link, or a T1 link: Does the "red line" here literally means there is a single cable connecting the two routers in real life? If no, then what are ...
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3answers
58 views

Where is CSMA protocol really implemented?

I have multiple questions. Where is/were CSMA protocol really implemented ? i.e In our computer ? routers ? switch ? or which component ? is is s/w or h/w based ? Is it still used ? if not, which ...
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2answers
48 views

How do machines setup a route in a network?

So I have been reading a bit about networking, and I am a bit confused about what exactly happens after domain name resolutions. Lets say I do a get request to "some.website.com". First, my ...
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1answer
37 views

Why is Cisco router PPPoE client configuration so complicated? [closed]

In some routers like Ubiquiti's UniFi Security Gateway, when you want to connect to internet via PPPoE, all you have to do is go to the web GUI or controller, go to WAN settings, hit the dropdown ...
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2answers
69 views

Why are ISPs arranged in hierarchies?

ISPs are organised in a hierarchy where the Tier 3 ISPs are connected to Tier 2, and Tier 2 ISPs are connected to Tier 1 ISPs. Why are they organised in a hierarchy? Is it because if all devices were ...
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1answer
44 views

How routers route packets to a specific network

As I understand it, routers route packets to a specific network based on network id and of course the network id must be unique on the Internet, now the question is: maybe there are billions of ...
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3answers
87 views

How are MPLS routers connected to each other?

So MPLS is one of the many ways to connect two or more distant sites. In other words, it is some kind of a "WAN solution". But what is the "WAN solution" for MPLS? Take for example ...
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1answer
29 views

Is this how ATM and SONET work?

This is how I visualize how SONET carry ATM, and how ATM carry IP: Is my visualization correct?
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1answer
41 views

What is the maximum number of networks in IPv4?

From my understanding, in IPv4 addressing, the first 2 octets identify the network, meaning 2^16 networks can exist. But that doesn't seem even closly enough as the population in even USA is above 300 ...
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2answers
133 views

Why do we need ATM if SONET/SDH can carry IP directly?

If SONET/SDH can carry IP, and ATM rides on SONET/SDH, then why do we need to encapsulate IP inside ATM? That makes "IP over ATM over SONET/SDH". What's its benifit over "IP over SONET/...
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1answer
59 views

Is ATM a Wide Area Network?

Is Asynchronous Transfer Mode a wide area network? Or is it just a framing protocol? What I mean by wide area network is that, if there is such a thing called "ATM provider", does it mean ...
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1answer
51 views

IS Network automation kills carries of network Engineers? [closed]

Iam working as network engineer since long time and i enjoying working same . But now i am afraid after listening of network automation .Is network automation kills jobs of network engineer across ...
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2answers
82 views

Where are ATM switches located in real life?

Consider the following diagram from this link: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/bbdsl/configuration/xe-3s/bba-xe-3s-book/bba-ppoe-atm-xe.html If I am correct, here's how I see it ...
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1answer
608 views

What is "TIME_WAIT" connection in a TCP connection and what is it's purpose?

I am requesting a webpage running on local server port 8080 and was expecting one connection to be established between the server (port 8080) and client (random port). But one additional port is also ...
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2answers
79 views

2 AS in the same box JunOS

Today we have an MX204 and we announced our AS using Juniper, but we also have partnership with another internet provider that has another AS. This other AS has much less client and a much smaller ...
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3answers
167 views

Why is the Internet not hierarchically addressed? [duplicate]

IANA is recognized as an authority on global IP address allocation. See Wikipedia, or ietf.org, IANAs website, or Google it. They state that "both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses are generally assigned ...
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3answers
84 views

Routing with private addresses

Let's say that we have a private network, with private addresses and a NAT enabled router at the end. If the router is misconfigured and routes traffic to the global internet, keeping as source ...
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2answers
75 views

What role is ARP playing for a internet request?

For me it is not clear how the internet is working. Let's say we have host (local IP:192.168.12) and the gateway/router (local IP: 192.168.0.1 / extern IP: 62.1.2.134) Now the client (192.168.0.12) ...
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2answers
560 views

Is not 192.168.88.1 (192.168.*.*) always an "internal" IP address?

I had some headache with a proxy setup which I couldn't figure out. Turns out that only "127.0.0.1" and "localhost" were recognized as "localhost" or "internal" ...
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2answers
45 views

What is an acceptable loss with external networks? [closed]

Based on my reading here, any traffic loss on the internal network should be quickly addressed. However what is an acceptable level of loss one can expect when communicating with external networks? ...
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1answer
30 views

Why does SONET need atomic clock but T-carrier does not?

SONET and T-carrier are both synchronous TDM. But T-carrier does not use atomic clock. Why does SONET? Is it because SONET does not use buffer? But how does it prevent bit loss if there is no ...
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1answer
281 views

Why is the IPv6 address I'm getting from whatismyipaddress.com wrong? [duplicate]

So I've portforwarded my machine using the graphical interface provided by my router. This interface also gives me a public IPv6 which I can use to communicate with my machine through the internet. ...
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1answer
751 views

Vxlan with internet access - possible because of high MTU?

So i was wondering, because VXlan requeres a high mtu to work properly (some set it even as high as the max configurable MTU (9000ish)), how would providing internet access for these nodes/servers ...
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24 views

Real world IP routing on the Internet [duplicate]

I used to think the Internet looks like a tree, with some extra edges for redundancy. And that the subnets are getting shorter and shorter as you go up towards the backbones, the roots of the "...
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1answer
498 views

Automatic backup internet connection, is it possible? [closed]

I am trying by best to understand this topic. Apologies if this isn't the correct format or if it's lacking required information, I am little more than a home user. If someone could help point me in ...
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3answers
346 views

What is the relationship between an ISP and an AS?

Can one AS unite several ISPs, can/does an ISP own several ASes? No matter what I read nobody really clarifies this relationship or at least doesn't writes it down. Or is ISP and AS just a synonym? Is ...
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1answer
73 views

filling routing table with next hop addresses

in a multi hop network when the packet leaves the source is it loaded with all the ips of the stops on its journey, then at each hop it checks the bitmask with the nodes routing table to see if this ...
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2answers
29 views

Speed comparison between agregated and non agregated internet

I have an offer for internet connection, where they offer me these speeds for a symetric and non aggregated connections over fiber optics (upload/download): 10/10 Mbit/s 20/20 Mbit/s 30/30 Mbit/s ...
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1answer
25 views

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Networking Decentralization [closed]

How does P2P networking locate peers in the network if there is no centralized point to look up IP addresses of the individual computers in the network. Assuming there was no domain to use to do an ...
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1answer
20 views

Why can I forward email without mx record set up properly? [closed]

Say I have a domain domain.com I do not set anything on mx record in domain.com Yet I can set a forwarder from say hello@domain.com to another email. I set a address. Is this normal?
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2answers
30 views

How could I build a Inner-Net of multiple networks?

I have multiple theoretical(not at the time being) WiFi Networks with one on each property(3 properties) and I want to have the three networks connected similarly to the internet. For example, I would ...
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2answers
329 views

Can you become your own ISP?

How exactly does an ISP connect you to the vast network of computers which is the internet? In my area there are several ISP's. For example. Bell, Rogers, and Cogeco all connect you to the "same ...
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1answer
55 views

Does Internet Stream Protocol (IP version 5) work on the Internet?

IP with version number 5 is dedicated to the Internet Stream Protocol. Can you send such a packet on the internet at large, or will it be blocked/discarded?
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2answers
2k views

Cisco nexus CRC error on interface

I have dual stack vPC setup between 4 cisco nexus switch as per above design. I have noticed recently that getting CRC error on cisco 3064 all 4 interface connected to N9K, and during peak traffic ...
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3answers
3k views

Is it possible to specify a route for a packet to take?

So, AFAIK, packets "hop" between routers. Packets are forwarded via a router's default path until it gets to destination IP. So is it possible to specify a specific set of routers this packet "hops" ...
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2answers
83 views

Are the submarine cables used only for internet?

We can see that almost all of the servers are interconnected between each others using submarine cables which ends in a complete hierarchy but question is are those internet connected cables are used ...
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1answer
581 views

Secure MPLS configuration: Does TCP port 646 (LDP) need to be generally exposed?

I am looking for expertise on MPLS configurations and security. A recent Nmap scan of my organization's public IPv4 perimeter networks has discovered a system which appears to be listening on TCP port ...
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1answer
48 views

Reccomended set up for wifi in dense apartment block? [closed]

I live in an apartment block of 87 units & one thing most people in it complain about is the poor cellular data reception. I have an idea of installing a fast wifi internet connection ...
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1answer
345 views

Confusion about TCP/IP data flow in layers

I'm confused about how the data flows through the layers of the TCP/IP model, so I'll just tell what I think it happens (using an email example) and I'd appreciate if you can point my mistakes. ...
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2answers
126 views

Is the Internet essentially a network of routers?

Is the Internet nothing but a globally scattered interconnected routers, and that the connections between them could be via any of Leased Line, X.25, Frame Relay, ATM, MPLS, or Ethernet?

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