Questions tagged [internet]

For questions about interconnected networks.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
2answers
982 views

Is a point-to-point T1 line literally a line in real life?

In Packet Tracer this is how we draw a WAN link, or a T1 link: Does the "red line" here literally means there is a single cable connecting the two routers in real life? If no, then what are ...
0
votes
2answers
19 views

Where is CSMA protocol really implemented?

I have multiple questions. Where is/were CSMA protocol really implemented ? i.e In our computer ? routers ? switch ? or which component ? is is s/w or h/w based ? Is it still used ? if not, which ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

How do machines setup a route in a network?

So I have been reading a bit about networking, and I am a bit confused about what exactly happens after domain name resolutions. Lets say I do a get request to "some.website.com". First, my ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

Why is Cisco router PPPoE client configuration so complicated? [closed]

In some routers like Ubiquiti's UniFi Security Gateway, when you want to connect to internet via PPPoE, all you have to do is go to the web GUI or controller, go to WAN settings, hit the dropdown ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Why are ISPs arranged in hierarchies?

ISPs are organised in a hierarchy where the Tier 3 ISPs are connected to Tier 2, and Tier 2 ISPs are connected to Tier 1 ISPs. Why are they organised in a hierarchy? Is it because if all devices were ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

What are MMMM, PROG in datagram Options/Security?

In RFC 791 (Internet Protocol Specification), I came across the Security field in Options: Security (S field): 16 bits Specifies one of 16 levels of security (eight of which are ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How routers route packets to a specific network

As I understand it, routers route packets to a specific network based on network id and of course the network id must be unique on the Internet, now the question is: maybe there are billions of ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Data transmission to servers [closed]

How is a data packet transmitted from my PC to the google.com server? I would like to know through what nodes it travels. Thanks in advance!
0
votes
3answers
76 views

How are MPLS routers connected to each other?

So MPLS is one of the many ways to connect two or more distant sites. In other words, it is some kind of a "WAN solution". But what is the "WAN solution" for MPLS? Take for example ...
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

Is this how ATM and SONET work?

This is how I visualize how SONET carry ATM, and how ATM carry IP: Is my visualization correct?
-1
votes
1answer
38 views

What is the maximum number of networks in IPv4?

From my understanding, in IPv4 addressing, the first 2 octets identify the network, meaning 2^16 networks can exist. But that doesn't seem even closly enough as the population in even USA is above 300 ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Why do we need ATM if SONET/SDH can carry IP directly?

If SONET/SDH can carry IP, and ATM rides on SONET/SDH, then why do we need to encapsulate IP inside ATM? That makes "IP over ATM over SONET/SDH". What's its benifit over "IP over SONET/...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Is ATM a Wide Area Network?

Is Asynchronous Transfer Mode a wide area network? Or is it just a framing protocol? What I mean by wide area network is that, if there is such a thing called "ATM provider", does it mean ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

IS Network automation kills carries of network Engineers? [closed]

Iam working as network engineer since long time and i enjoying working same . But now i am afraid after listening of network automation .Is network automation kills jobs of network engineer across ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Where are ATM switches located in real life?

Consider the following diagram from this link: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/bbdsl/configuration/xe-3s/bba-xe-3s-book/bba-ppoe-atm-xe.html If I am correct, here's how I see it ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

What is “TIME_WAIT” connection in a TCP connection and what is it's purpose?

I am requesting a webpage running on local server port 8080 and was expecting one connection to be established between the server (port 8080) and client (random port). But one additional port is also ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

2 AS in the same box JunOS

Today we have an MX204 and we announced our AS using Juniper, but we also have partnership with another internet provider that has another AS. This other AS has much less client and a much smaller ...
-3
votes
3answers
137 views

Why is the Internet not hierarchically addressed? [duplicate]

IANA is recognized as an authority on global IP address allocation. See Wikipedia, or ietf.org, IANAs website, or Google it. They state that "both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses are generally assigned ...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

Routing with private addresses

Let's say that we have a private network, with private addresses and a NAT enabled router at the end. If the router is misconfigured and routes traffic to the global internet, keeping as source ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

What role is ARP playing for a internet request?

For me it is not clear how the internet is working. Let's say we have host (local IP:192.168.12) and the gateway/router (local IP: 192.168.0.1 / extern IP: 62.1.2.134) Now the client (192.168.0.12) ...
0
votes
2answers
473 views

Is not 192.168.88.1 (192.168.*.*) always an “internal” IP address?

I had some headache with a proxy setup which I couldn't figure out. Turns out that only "127.0.0.1" and "localhost" were recognized as "localhost" or "internal" ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

What is an acceptable loss with external networks? [closed]

Based on my reading here, any traffic loss on the internal network should be quickly addressed. However what is an acceptable level of loss one can expect when communicating with external networks? ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Why does SONET need atomic clock but T-carrier does not?

SONET and T-carrier are both synchronous TDM. But T-carrier does not use atomic clock. Why does SONET? Is it because SONET does not use buffer? But how does it prevent bit loss if there is no ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

Why is the IPv6 address I'm getting from whatismyipaddress.com wrong? [duplicate]

So I've portforwarded my machine using the graphical interface provided by my router. This interface also gives me a public IPv6 which I can use to communicate with my machine through the internet. ...
0
votes
1answer
352 views

Vxlan with internet access - possible because of high MTU?

So i was wondering, because VXlan requeres a high mtu to work properly (some set it even as high as the max configurable MTU (9000ish)), how would providing internet access for these nodes/servers ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Real world IP routing on the Internet [duplicate]

I used to think the Internet looks like a tree, with some extra edges for redundancy. And that the subnets are getting shorter and shorter as you go up towards the backbones, the roots of the "...
0
votes
1answer
278 views

Automatic backup internet connection, is it possible? [closed]

I am trying by best to understand this topic. Apologies if this isn't the correct format or if it's lacking required information, I am little more than a home user. If someone could help point me in ...
0
votes
3answers
157 views

What is the relationship between an ISP and an AS?

Can one AS unite several ISPs, can/does an ISP own several ASes? No matter what I read nobody really clarifies this relationship or at least doesn't writes it down. Or is ISP and AS just a synonym? Is ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

difference between Local Internet Breakout and regional internet breakout? [duplicate]

I searched over the internet but could not find the answer so i want any one of you to help me out in this. i don't know whats the difference between both of the terms and which is more preferable or ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

filling routing table with next hop addresses

in a multi hop network when the packet leaves the source is it loaded with all the ips of the stops on its journey, then at each hop it checks the bitmask with the nodes routing table to see if this ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Speed comparison between agregated and non agregated internet

I have an offer for internet connection, where they offer me these speeds for a symetric and non aggregated connections over fiber optics (upload/download): 10/10 Mbit/s 20/20 Mbit/s 30/30 Mbit/s ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Networking Decentralization [closed]

How does P2P networking locate peers in the network if there is no centralized point to look up IP addresses of the individual computers in the network. Assuming there was no domain to use to do an ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Why can I forward email without mx record set up properly? [closed]

Say I have a domain domain.com I do not set anything on mx record in domain.com Yet I can set a forwarder from say hello@domain.com to another email. I set a address. Is this normal?
0
votes
2answers
27 views

How could I build a Inner-Net of multiple networks?

I have multiple theoretical(not at the time being) WiFi Networks with one on each property(3 properties) and I want to have the three networks connected similarly to the internet. For example, I would ...
5
votes
2answers
249 views

Can you become your own ISP?

How exactly does an ISP connect you to the vast network of computers which is the internet? In my area there are several ISP's. For example. Bell, Rogers, and Cogeco all connect you to the "same ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Does Internet Stream Protocol (IP version 5) work on the Internet?

IP with version number 5 is dedicated to the Internet Stream Protocol. Can you send such a packet on the internet at large, or will it be blocked/discarded?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Cisco nexus CRC error on interface

I have dual stack vPC setup between 4 cisco nexus switch as per above design. I have noticed recently that getting CRC error on cisco 3064 all 4 interface connected to N9K, and during peak traffic ...
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it possible to specify a route for a packet to take?

So, AFAIK, packets "hop" between routers. Packets are forwarded via a router's default path until it gets to destination IP. So is it possible to specify a specific set of routers this packet "hops" ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Are the submarine cables used only for internet?

We can see that almost all of the servers are interconnected between each others using submarine cables which ends in a complete hierarchy but question is are those internet connected cables are used ...
0
votes
1answer
253 views

Secure MPLS configuration: Does TCP port 646 (LDP) need to be generally exposed?

I am looking for expertise on MPLS configurations and security. A recent Nmap scan of my organization's public IPv4 perimeter networks has discovered a system which appears to be listening on TCP port ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Reccomended set up for wifi in dense apartment block? [closed]

I live in an apartment block of 87 units & one thing most people in it complain about is the poor cellular data reception. I have an idea of installing a fast wifi internet connection ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Confusion about TCP/IP data flow in layers

I'm confused about how the data flows through the layers of the TCP/IP model, so I'll just tell what I think it happens (using an email example) and I'd appreciate if you can point my mistakes. ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Is the Internet essentially a network of routers?

Is the Internet nothing but a globally scattered interconnected routers, and that the connections between them could be via any of Leased Line, X.25, Frame Relay, ATM, MPLS, or Ethernet?
0
votes
2answers
213 views

How are X.25/Frame Relay/ATM/MPLS related to PSTN?

Do X.25/Frame Relay/ATM/MPLS have their own isolated physical infrastructure? Or are they technologies invented to utilize the then existing infrastructure of the PSTN?
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Is there any decentralized network of any kind in actual use? [duplicate]

I've spent a lot of time trying everything I've ever found which is decentralized. Every single such network has always been a ghost town; a complete waste of time, pointless to attempt to use with ...
1
vote
2answers
367 views

Losing connectivity after creating a VLAN other than the default VLAN

I have a 192.168.0.0/24 network that serves three computers. There are no issues with this part of the existing network. I have purchased a new Cisco SG350-28P 28-Port Gigabit PoE Managed Switch. I ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How can I block the Internet and mobile data fallback? [closed]

Hoping to block outgoing WAN access from my network during certain periods as well as stopping mobile devices from auto-failing-over to their mobile data. Of course this won't be perfect since devices ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Modems involved in dial-up connection

I am currently studying the textbook Computer Networking -- A Top-Down Approach (7th Edition) by Kurose and Ross. In a chapter on Home Access: DSL, Cable, FTTH, Dial-Up, and Satellite, the authors ...
1
vote
2answers
707 views

Internet Scale Routing Table Size

In the link below, it is said that there are near one million prefixes for IPv4. https://bgp.he.net/report/netstats I want to know that it is a must for ISP routers to cache all these million IPv4 ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

How TCP connections between origin and node servers over a BGP Anycast gets established?

Server A and B have the same IP address with anycast. Server B connects to the origin server that is very close to server A and very far away from server B, since server A is closer, the response will ...

1
2 3 4 5
7