Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [internet]

For questions about interconnected networks.

6
votes
2answers
793 views

How do routers on the backbone avoid IP address conflicts?

As the title suggests, how do ISPs, and other networks connected to the backbone ensure that their host network address isn't already in use by another backbone node, as there is no controlling device ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How to make a cient-server communication without Domain Name [on hold]

In the context of a web application including clients and a web service (server), i want to have a client-server HTTP communication over internet. I'm aware that the IP adress is dynamic and may ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Estimating bandwidth requirements and productivity gain from traffic data

My small office has a 30Mbit/s internet connection, on which two or three people work. We could get twice the bandwidth at a substantial cost. I imagine a bandwidth upgrade would slightly improve ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Ookla not showing the desired speed [closed]

Not sure if its the right place to ask. Could any tell what could be the reasons? I opted for 40 Mbps. Ooka showing 33.42.
1
vote
2answers
65 views

What's the role of Default Gateway?

It acts as the "gateway" to the Internet,but also from what i have read,it's the last thing a packet would be sent to while trying to route (when checking the senders' route table). Maybe it's the ...
20
votes
6answers
5k views

What stops someone from configuring their network with IP addresses they do not own?

Here's the scenario. I was picturing a university that bought a range of IP addresses. I think they'd still be inside a ISP (right?), but they'd have freedom to configure stuff the way they wanted. ...
11
votes
8answers
5k views

Why are IP addresses given to each interface and not device? What would the implications of that be?

Why do we need to give IP addresses to each interface? Wouldn't giving one to each device be enough?
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Analyze Network Traffic by Autonomous System Number?

I'm looking for the way to take an estimate consumptions toward internet per Autonomous System Number which could help me to make a decision if it's necessary to establish a peering with this AS's ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

In one organization having two ISP which configured on fortigate firewall ? How can we do the failover for internet?

Organisation don't have AS number .As of now we are doing manually route for any ISP at a time. when default Internet link is go down that time making second link enable on firewall. I saw the some ...
1
vote
3answers
63 views

How is traffic forwarded though IXPs if route servers do not forward any traffic

while i was studying about IXP route-servers, i read that they do not forward any traffic. I get that a route server is a "control plane" entity and it is used for easier bgp peering. However, i ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Download Internet Routing Table

What is the best way to download a snapshot of the Internet's IPv4 routing table? I need check if IP addresses are routable. It needs to function offline, so a looking glass server won't work. I know ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Can large ISPs really offer 1Gb “dedicated” service to every home and business?

Hopefully this is on topic for this site. While researching synchronous carrier service, so called EDIA or Ethernet Dedicated Internet Access, to a rural location in New Hampshire, USA, I came across ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Multiple Networks on Sonicwall with no access to cisco firewall

The issue im having is that i have 2 networks with 2 internet connections. We now all of a sudden have a POS system handling our network. This system blocks our email and a bunch of pages we use. They ...
3
votes
2answers
482 views

Internet structure and ISP networks in detail

I am studying about internet structure, ISPs and their interconnection. However, I have trouble connecting some terms and understanding the greater infrastructure of internet in more detail. I will ...
1
vote
1answer
284 views

Are Protocols written in programming languages?

The protocols such as HTTP, IP, BGP are written in programming languages or simply plain English text ? If it is written in plain English, then how it is communicated with web browser, switches/...
5
votes
3answers
622 views

Need help understanding how packets travel across the internet

I've been learning about networks recently at a new job, and I did a presentation on what I've learnt so far. When I was describing the relationship between the datalink and network layer, I mentioned ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Are there any advantage of using multiple threads for a file upload, for an internet connected node? [closed]

I got asked in an intervew recently to design a file upload feature. After initial discussion, The interviewer asked if I can design for multiple threads. My thought was, As the network bandwidth is ...
6
votes
2answers
151 views

Why is internet speed called Bandwidth?

Why do we refer to our internet speeds as "bandwidth" with units of measurement like "10 Mbps"? As I understand it, Bandwidth is, as the name implies, the width of the frequency band, typically ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

How to find a AS-SET of an asn?

How can we find the as-set of asn? For Example I have the asn:32934. I want the as-set?
17
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it common for ISPs to connect to each other directly?

I'm reading up on the relationship between latency and ISP interconnectivity (that higher ISP interconnectivity results in lower latency, which makes sense to me). My understanding is that IXPs ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

How can I reduce latency to Australia from another country? [closed]

I often do a lot of work from the UK to destination networks in Australia be it voice calls or something more benign like gaming. Both of which work best with the lowest RTT possible. On average the ...
-1
votes
3answers
85 views

Why do we need an ethernet MAC address? [duplicate]

Don't think it's a duplicate. I've searched really many articles and couldn't find the satisfying answer. I understand : how ARP works MAC address is an unique address for each NIC IP is network ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How can I use a firewall as Internet Breakout?

I am currently installing a firewall in my company (using OPNsense) but I was asked to use the same system as "Internet Breakout" as well. Does anyone know how to accomplish this? I understand that ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

What does 22/23 and 10.3/11.4 mean and why cannot access internet?

What does this specification mean? I asked the one who gave me this but I did not understand. Vlan 22/23 192.168.10.3/11.4 a) Does 22/23 mean that 23 subnets have been allocated b) The forward ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Internet not working [closed]

I have this types of network in my office. Recently we have moved to new i BSNL internet. My problem is when i bypass router and connect poe cable to computer internet is working but when i put ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Definition of bandwidth capacity for an internet connection

First, I want to test the data rate of a fibre-optic internet connection, but I understand that results are affected by the circumstances of the test, like number of hops between the CPE and the other ...
0
votes
1answer
208 views

What is the maximum distance that a cable/fiber optic internet connection can operate without the internet quality degrading? [closed]

I hope that this is not an ignorant or misinformed question, I am new and I'm trying to learn more about internet provision. I have read that DSL has a maximum distance of 18,000ft (or 5.5 Km) before ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Frequent Internet Disconnection [closed]

Hello everyone! I am relatively new to this forum, and wanted to get some useful feedbacks and resolution from "network-PROs" on my problem.. I have a network with a main router connected to the ...
-2
votes
4answers
529 views

Can we run the Internet on circuit switching?

Generally we use IP and ATM for data communication and can we use circuit switching for data communication ? Can we use circuit switching for Internet ?
6
votes
3answers
938 views

Is QoS an issue for VOIP calls over the Internet? If not, why not?

I'm trying to decide whether I should buy SIP trunks from my ISP or a 3rd-party. As I understand it, it's important to maintain QoS on an internal network (i.e. prioritize VOIP traffic). Is this not ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

Before the invention of Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR) did hosts have subnet masks assigned?

Before the invention of CIDR, did hosts also have a subnet mask assigned or only have an IP address and the network was determined by the class of the IP address?
2
votes
1answer
140 views

How do protocols like PPTP, L2TP work below IP level

I have been using these protocols without deep understand how everything works under the hood. I understand a process of tunneling as follows When we are using protocols like OpenVPN, IPSec, SSH ...
2
votes
2answers
443 views

What exactly is the local loop?

It would be crazy to have two transmission lines per every subscriber run from the subscriber to the ISP, do ISPs use a multiplexer then?On a cable network everyone is on the same line so multiplexing ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Is “Mobile Router” a Thing in Real Life?

As you all know IP indicates your location in the internet. Although end devices can move and relocate, routers (the backbone of the internet) are static. Thus, they keep meaningful routing and ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Does each router have the IP addresses of all the routers and hosts connected to the 'Internet'?

I am new to computer networking,and was reading about the topic routing. According to my understanding,each router has a routing table associated with it. From that table it could know,which output ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Traffic Destined to X Should Bypass a Certain AS Y

Let's say you do not want the traffic destined to your /8 prefix to traverse AS Y. How would you modify your BGP configuration to do that? Thank you for your time
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it true that the fd00::/8 address range (ULA) in ipv6 is for machines that you NEVER want to speak with anything on the Internet?

Is it true that the fd00::/8 address space (User Local Addresses) in ipv6 is for machines that you NEVER want to speak with anything on the Internet? I was just reading that here and rather surprised ...
8
votes
2answers
589 views

What are the differences in the contents of datagrams, frames, and network packets?

I'm reviewing the networking security unit of the class I'm in, and I had a question. I know that datagrams are packets at the transport layer of the OSI model, whilst frames are the name for packets ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Do packets travel through household routers or only designated ones? [duplicate]

I'm trying to wrap my head around the path the packets take on the internet. I know that they hop between multiple routers until they get to their destination, but are these routers only in ISP's ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Class A most significant bits '0' as in RFC1166 or older or '00' as suggested in RFC4632?

I was just reading RFC4632 "2. History and Problem Description" and I don't get the part about Class A with MSB '00'. That would in my understanding mean, there are actually only 64 available networks,...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

What's the domain of an IP?

CIDR stands for "Classless Inter-Domain Routing". But what's a domain in this case? Seems to not be the same kind of domain as DNS deals with...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the preferred way to prevent a particular subnet from being sent to one ASN

I have the following network. I want to prevent Subnet 2, S2, from being routed outbound of ISPA (preferring ISPC is also acceptable). None of my ISPs use BGP communities. Given that this is a live ...
1
vote
3answers
697 views

What is the need of two addressing schemes (physical and logic address) in networking to identify a host? [duplicate]

In computer networking, each device/host is assigned 2 different unique address. One physical address, MAC and one logic address, IPv4/IPv6, to make communication possible between any 2 hosts in the ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

No internet through router

I have the following network setup, but on the computer I can't access anything that's outside of the TP-Link router. When I tried to ping 8.8.8.8, I got reply from 192.168.2.1:Destination Host ...
1
vote
2answers
173 views

How does the internet know where to send a request for an IP like 8.8.8.8?

Background (Hypothesis or assertion, framing, not the question(s) but important to what I'm trying to understand.) I am familiar with IANA and use trace route regularly and I understand there is no ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Is my router part of the Internet backbone

Is my router routing packets other than the ones coming from/to my local network, or is my router only getting my specific packets and the router infrastructure of the ISPs are the ones handling ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Assigning IP addresses in a Frame Relay network

I know one can design a network that connects several IP subnets with Frame Relay. I've come across two main configurations. Full mesh: Every router is connected with every other. Thus, I believe ...
17
votes
2answers
6k views

Is multicast on the public internet possible? And if yes: How?

Is it possible to use multicast on the public internet? If yes: How? Are special IP addresses required and where do you get them from?
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Create subnet without Internet access [closed]

I want to create a subnet in our network, where the devices which will be connected in this subnet (e.g. 192.168.20.x) will not have access in the Internet. However, these devices will be accessible ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

What are the “next steps” to take when business Internet service stops working? [closed]

Scenario (based on real events) a small business has a "BigCorp" Internet service. One day the Internet goes down after a power outage, and they call BigCorp for help. BigCorp support over the phone ...