Questions tagged [internet]

For questions about interconnected networks.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
2answers
763 views

Is a point-to-point T1 line literally a line in real life?

In Packet Tracer this is how we draw a WAN link, or a T1 link: Does the "red line" here literally means there is a single cable connecting the two routers in real life? If no, then what are ...
0
votes
2answers
18 views

Where is CSMA protocol really implemented?

I have multiple questions. Where is/were CSMA protocol really implemented ? i.e In our computer ? routers ? switch ? or which component ? is is s/w or h/w based ? Is it still used ? if not, which ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

How do machines setup a route in a network?

So I have been reading a bit about networking, and I am a bit confused about what exactly happens after domain name resolutions. Lets say I do a get request to "some.website.com". First, my ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

Why is Cisco router PPPoE client configuration so complicated? [closed]

In some routers like Ubiquiti's UniFi Security Gateway, when you want to connect to internet via PPPoE, all you have to do is go to the web GUI or controller, go to WAN settings, hit the dropdown ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Why are ISPs arranged in hierarchies?

ISPs are organised in a hierarchy where the Tier 3 ISPs are connected to Tier 2, and Tier 2 ISPs are connected to Tier 1 ISPs. Why are they organised in a hierarchy? Is it because if all devices were ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

What are MMMM, PROG in datagram Options/Security?

In RFC 791 (Internet Protocol Specification), I came across the Security field in Options: Security (S field): 16 bits Specifies one of 16 levels of security (eight of which are ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How routers route packets to a specific network

As I understand it, routers route packets to a specific network based on network id and of course the network id must be unique on the Internet, now the question is: maybe there are billions of ...
0
votes
3answers
76 views

How are MPLS routers connected to each other?

So MPLS is one of the many ways to connect two or more distant sites. In other words, it is some kind of a "WAN solution". But what is the "WAN solution" for MPLS? Take for example ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Data transmission to servers [closed]

How is a data packet transmitted from my PC to the google.com server? I would like to know through what nodes it travels. Thanks in advance!
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

Is this how ATM and SONET work?

This is how I visualize how SONET carry ATM, and how ATM carry IP: Is my visualization correct?
-1
votes
1answer
38 views

What is the maximum number of networks in IPv4?

From my understanding, in IPv4 addressing, the first 2 octets identify the network, meaning 2^16 networks can exist. But that doesn't seem even closly enough as the population in even USA is above 300 ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Why do we need ATM if SONET/SDH can carry IP directly?

If SONET/SDH can carry IP, and ATM rides on SONET/SDH, then why do we need to encapsulate IP inside ATM? That makes "IP over ATM over SONET/SDH". What's its benifit over "IP over SONET/...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Is ATM a Wide Area Network?

Is Asynchronous Transfer Mode a wide area network? Or is it just a framing protocol? What I mean by wide area network is that, if there is such a thing called "ATM provider", does it mean ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

IS Network automation kills carries of network Engineers? [closed]

Iam working as network engineer since long time and i enjoying working same . But now i am afraid after listening of network automation .Is network automation kills jobs of network engineer across ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

ping from router to the internet is ok but I can't access internet from swich

The router is connected to ISP which is 3500 series. There is a core switch connected to the router to the inside network. I can ping the internet from the router. but I cannot ping the internet from ...
7
votes
3answers
727 views

How is anycast implemented?

According to this answer Google DNS (8.8.8.8) has low worldwide latencies because it uses anycast. How is anycast actually implemented? That is, how does a packet get routed to different computers ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Are the submarine cables used only for internet?

We can see that almost all of the servers are interconnected between each others using submarine cables which ends in a complete hierarchy but question is are those internet connected cables are used ...
1
vote
2answers
310 views

Packet transfer from one host to another

I was reading about how a packet is send from one host to another. I am confused about entries that will be made in layer-3 switch routing table. Does it contain the entries for layer two switches or ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Private IP inside internet?

Firstly sorry if this question has already been asked. While playing with traceroute, I came across something really strange... traceroute to 185.75.143.25 gives: - 10.214.255.254 - 10.255.255.254 ...
2
votes
4answers
137 views

Does a Business Router from an ISP perform actual routing or only Network Address Translation (NAT)?

Let's say that the professional business router is connected to the Internet through the WAN port and has some devices in the office connected through the other ports. The devices in the office ...
-1
votes
3answers
91 views

Is “port-forwarding” used just for comfort?

If I can easely bind some computer in internal network to a port on the router by code - so its right to say that we need "port-forwording" only for cases that it easier to us then build a new ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

What is “TIME_WAIT” connection in a TCP connection and what is it's purpose?

I am requesting a webpage running on local server port 8080 and was expecting one connection to be established between the server (port 8080) and client (random port). But one additional port is also ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Is my router part of the Internet backbone

Is my router routing packets other than the ones coming from/to my local network, or is my router only getting my specific packets and the router infrastructure of the ISPs are the ones handling ...
4
votes
2answers
566 views

Does each router have the IP addresses of all the routers and hosts connected to the 'Internet'?

I am new to computer networking,and was reading about the topic routing. According to my understanding,each router has a routing table associated with it. From that table it could know,which output ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

What's the domain of an IP?

CIDR stands for "Classless Inter-Domain Routing". But what's a domain in this case? Seems to not be the same kind of domain as DNS deals with...
0
votes
2answers
523 views

In one organization having two ISP which configured on fortigate firewall ? How can we do the failover for internet?

Organisation don't have AS number .As of now we are doing manually route for any ISP at a time. when default Internet link is go down that time making second link enable on firewall. I saw the some ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

How TCP connections between origin and node servers over a BGP Anycast gets established?

Server A and B have the same IP address with anycast. Server B connects to the origin server that is very close to server A and very far away from server B, since server A is closer, the response will ...
4
votes
2answers
316 views

How does anycast ensure reliable delivery of IP packets for the same IP address on different locations?

With anycast, it would be possible to have the same IP address at multiple locations in the world, without the need of a proxy or VPN that forwards the packets to its final destination. If you would ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Pros and cons of the idea of parallell data transmission

I am learning the basics of internet protocols and related principles. I recently performed experiments comparing UDP and TCP. But when I did that (using the ttcp program) it was only one process and ...
1
vote
2answers
367 views

Losing connectivity after creating a VLAN other than the default VLAN

I have a 192.168.0.0/24 network that serves three computers. There are no issues with this part of the existing network. I have purchased a new Cisco SG350-28P 28-Port Gigabit PoE Managed Switch. I ...
16
votes
8answers
9k views

Why are IP addresses given to each interface and not device? What would the implications of that be?

Why do we need to give IP addresses to each interface? Wouldn't giving one to each device be enough?
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Where are ATM switches located in real life?

Consider the following diagram from this link: https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/bbdsl/configuration/xe-3s/bba-xe-3s-book/bba-ppoe-atm-xe.html If I am correct, here's how I see it ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

No internet through router

I have the following network setup, but on the computer I can't access anything that's outside of the TP-Link router. When I tried to ping 8.8.8.8, I got reply from 192.168.2.1:Destination Host ...
3
votes
3answers
137 views

How is traffic forwarded though IXPs if route servers do not forward any traffic

while i was studying about IXP route-servers, i read that they do not forward any traffic. I get that a route server is a "control plane" entity and it is used for easier bgp peering. However, i ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

2 AS in the same box JunOS

Today we have an MX204 and we announced our AS using Juniper, but we also have partnership with another internet provider that has another AS. This other AS has much less client and a much smaller ...
0
votes
3answers
156 views

Using 2 different ISP In case one dies

It's my first ever post in here and I hope not the last. I'm looking for some advice. I'm trying to reduce my internet downtime for a local network. My setup. Mix and match computer environment (...
-3
votes
3answers
137 views

Why is the Internet not hierarchically addressed? [duplicate]

IANA is recognized as an authority on global IP address allocation. See Wikipedia, or ietf.org, IANAs website, or Google it. They state that "both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses are generally assigned ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

What role is ARP playing for a internet request?

For me it is not clear how the internet is working. Let's say we have host (local IP:192.168.12) and the gateway/router (local IP: 192.168.0.1 / extern IP: 62.1.2.134) Now the client (192.168.0.12) ...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

Routing with private addresses

Let's say that we have a private network, with private addresses and a NAT enabled router at the end. If the router is misconfigured and routes traffic to the global internet, keeping as source ...
1
vote
4answers
718 views

Leased line Vs Broad Band connections

I have a doubt, What I have understood is that leased line would give full bandwidth for all computers placed in my network (under the firewall) If i am using Leased line connection in my office. ...
0
votes
2answers
473 views

Is not 192.168.88.1 (192.168.*.*) always an “internal” IP address?

I had some headache with a proxy setup which I couldn't figure out. Turns out that only "127.0.0.1" and "localhost" were recognized as "localhost" or "internal" ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

What is an acceptable loss with external networks? [closed]

Based on my reading here, any traffic loss on the internal network should be quickly addressed. However what is an acceptable level of loss one can expect when communicating with external networks? ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Why does SONET need atomic clock but T-carrier does not?

SONET and T-carrier are both synchronous TDM. But T-carrier does not use atomic clock. Why does SONET? Is it because SONET does not use buffer? But how does it prevent bit loss if there is no ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

Why is the IPv6 address I'm getting from whatismyipaddress.com wrong? [duplicate]

So I've portforwarded my machine using the graphical interface provided by my router. This interface also gives me a public IPv6 which I can use to communicate with my machine through the internet. ...
0
votes
1answer
352 views

Vxlan with internet access - possible because of high MTU?

So i was wondering, because VXlan requeres a high mtu to work properly (some set it even as high as the max configurable MTU (9000ish)), how would providing internet access for these nodes/servers ...
0
votes
3answers
156 views

What is the relationship between an ISP and an AS?

Can one AS unite several ISPs, can/does an ISP own several ASes? No matter what I read nobody really clarifies this relationship or at least doesn't writes it down. Or is ISP and AS just a synonym? Is ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Real world IP routing on the Internet [duplicate]

I used to think the Internet looks like a tree, with some extra edges for redundancy. And that the subnets are getting shorter and shorter as you go up towards the backbones, the roots of the "...
2
votes
2answers
627 views

What happens if we try to access an IP Address that does no exist

Beginner Question: I just read an article talking about how the internet works and how routers make sure that packets arrive at the destination. However there is one thing that is not explained ...
10
votes
3answers
20k views

Do Bluetooth Devices have MAC address with the same specification as the MAC addresses of the Ethernet and Wi-Fi Network cards?

I recently found out that ZigBee devices have MAC addresses. ZigBee is more related to Bluetooth from what I know rather than Ethernet or Wi-Fi. Do Bluetooth devices such as phones, headphones, ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

filling routing table with next hop addresses

in a multi hop network when the packet leaves the source is it loaded with all the ips of the stops on its journey, then at each hop it checks the bitmask with the nodes routing table to see if this ...

1
2 3 4 5
7