Questions tagged [ip-address]

A numerical label assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.

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Are all packets addressed with the MAC address of the router as they leave the machine?

In the Comptia Network+ All in One, it is said that most home routers have a switch built into them. It is also said that the first thing the router does is strip off any layer two information present ...
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Juniper MX: NTP broadcast on two VRFs with the same addressing

In Juniper, NTP broadcast is set at system level, so two VRFs cannot use the same addressing and use NTP broadcast at the same time. Is there any alternative?
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How to access Cisco 2500 series admin GUI interface with known IP address when Firefox/Chrome state connection cannot be reached?

I know the username and password of my Cisco 2500 series wireless & ethernet controller and its IP address, but when I enter the IP address into a web browser (Firefox and Chrome) it states the ...
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different network mask and subnet mask and netmask [duplicate]

1- what is network mask? 2- what is subnet mask? is there any differnt between network mask and subnet mask? i'm tried to search about network mask and nothing found is it called netmask ? thank you
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32 bits or 30 bits for subnet mask

I'm new to networking and have a question about subnet masks. Imagine we have a class B IP address. I know how to calculate the subnet mask. My question is: What is the last subnet mask that we can ...
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Possible typo in Tanenbaum's book about NAPT

From what I have understood from multiple sources (web and other books) about the concept of NAPT (also called NAT overload or IP masquerading in Linux environment), if there is a scenario like the ...
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Extra IPv6 Addresses - where are they coming from? [closed]

I recently got assigned a block of IPv6 addresses by my ISP. I've set it up with prefix delegation and it works just fine. When I plug a NIC in on the network it quickly picks up an IPv4 address from ...
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what were the classless routing protocols used with VLSM when it was first introduced?

Since VSLM is supported only by classless routing protocols, if VSLM was introduced in 1987(RFC 1009) and all classless protocol(RIPv2 developed in 1993 , OSPF standardized in 1989 RFC 1131 ) cited ...
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IPs that cannot be used

I'm new to networking. I know that some IPs cannot be used and we cannot consider them when dedicating an IP. I know some of them such as: Net ID Addresses Loopback IP Addresses Broadcast IP ...
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Hi! What does it mean if at the same time, two external IP addresses are identical except the last set of numbers, like 123.1.12.16 and 123.1.12.213? [duplicate]

The IP addresses are of two users that are logged in at the same website at the same time. Does this mean the users are on different routers but at the same location or on the same intranet?
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Unable to use a specific IP for an IP Camera attached to a Cisco 2960 static access port

I initially had issues with an Axis IP camera not staying online. I replaced with new camera. The new camera works perfectly fine. However, I cannot access it via HTTP or ping from a specific server ...
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Modify the IP in TCP/IP packet

My ip address is specified in the ip packet sent to the next node. I wonder if a device that handles this packet can modify the ip address before forwarding it to the final destination? In theory ...
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What happens if the localhost does not interpret 127.0.0.1 as the loopback address?

For the sake of the example, assume gateway to be 10.0.0.1 and host A (my machine) to be 10.0.0.2. If gateway (10.0.0.1) is running a service bound to a port on localhost only, the service should be ...
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What Does a Private IPV6 address look Like?

I'm doing a presentation on how the internet works, and I'm wondering if there is even such a thing as a private IPV6 address. If so, what does a private IPV6 address looks like?
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What is the last usable address in an IPv6 network

IPv6 does not have broadcast, so is the last address usable? Besides it being long, is it bad practice to actually use it? For example: A:B:C:D::0/64 starts with A:B:C:D:0000:0000:0000:0000 and ends ...
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Simplest way to achieve single IP communication with IP camera and simple MCU?

I have a product that uses an IP camera and a simple ATmega-based motherboard for general I/O control, managing a very simple web interface, etc. Ideally, I would like to be able to access both of ...
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Additional subnets in a class C IP [duplicate]

If i'm designing a new subnet mask for a class C IP that will have 5 subnets that means I need to borrow 3 digits since 2^3-2 > 5. My question is, how many additional subnets do we have? would it be ...
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What's so special about the multicast address range?

I'm reading a little on IP multicast and have trouble understanding the significance of multicast address range (224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255). What makes this range significant? Why not multicast on ...
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Determine the range of IP's avaliable for hosts on a subnet /28 [duplicate]

I am looking into my Virtual Switch configuration( Hyper-V ) and i am confused how the range of valid IP's is determined. The IP for configured for the "Virtual Switch" adapter is: IP: 192.168.53.65 ...
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IPv6 SLAAC and Static DAD

I started learning about IPv6 and I wonder what happens when you mix SLAAC and static addresses in the same /64. My current understanding is as follows: Machine A with a statically configured ...
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Why WHOIS query get one IP in multi AS?

I am query WHOIS information: but I find two AS number of the IP: % Information related to \'47.104.0.0/13AS37963\' route: 47.104.0.0/13 descr: Hangzhou Alibaba Advertising Co.,Ltd. country: CN ...
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Are network IP addresses ever used as source or destination IPs? [duplicate]

The first IP address of an IP subnet is the network address, which stands for the whole network, while the last address is the broadcast address. As far as I understand, we never really send packets ...
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Can link local addresses be used for transit networks without breaking routability?

I am asking this because my ISP uses SLAAC/DHCPv6 to assign addresses to clients. Firewalls, no matter what brand/name/type get a link local IPv6 address complete with a link local gateway AND clients ...
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Broadcasting to unknown Class C Network

I am trying to use python to broadcast to my local network, and I cannot find a way to get the subnet mask. I have been suggested to use the default Class C network subnet mask 255.255.255.0, and use ...
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Where are broadcast packages filtered out

When I have one network with a switch. Within that network I have 10 PC. Halve of them are configured within the 192.168.1.0/24 range and the other halve is configured at 192.168.2.0/24. This means I ...
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decoupling of network and link layer addresses

can you pls help me understand what the instructor is trying to convey in the following slide. from what I understand:- network address and link address are independent in the protocol layers but ...
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How do hosts subscribe to multicast addresses?

So I am having a hard time finding materials online that explains how multicast address are set. I understand what unicast is: Basically one to one communication. In this scenario, an address ...
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Why Classful addressing is not in use if we can subnet them?

So, Let's think that organization needs 5000 IP addresses. Giving 20 C Class IP addresses will cause of adding 20 entries for ISP router. That's problem. We could give Class B IP address, but that ...
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Difference between :: and ::1

I am confused about following netstat output. There are two kind of local ports. The first is: [::]8100 The second is: [::1]8100 I know that [::1] is a loopback address for IPv6. My question is: ...
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Question about the destination IP inside an IPv4 packet

I'm reading about link and network layers for the first time and I'm trying to put the pieces together to understand how they work together. My question may not have to do with the link layer but I'm ...
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Why can a host with a single NIC and on two networks have 2 IP adresses?

I understand that an IP adress refers to a NIC and not to a host, therefore a single host can have as many IP adresses as NICs. But Tannenbaum says: It really refers to a network interface, so if ...
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Which mask to use for 1024 address size subnet [duplicate]

I am trying to identify if given IPs are from same 1024 SUBNET. 192.168.3.1 192.168.2.19 192.168.1.1 The part I got stuck is that SUBNET address size is 1024. If I am sure, by checking IP addresses ...
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Is it possible to access 127.0.0.xxx in anyway [closed]

So I've been configuring my network at work. We've got a lot of devices from NAS servers to Dante AoIP devices. While configuring some of my devices I managed to set the IP adress of one device to ...
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How to calculate bits needed for host, bits left for network, number of available networks? [duplicate]

I have a class b address of 145.14.0.0 I need to create a scheme where each subnet accommodates 2259 hosts. can someone explain step by step how to do that
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Do all computers on a wifi network have the same Network ID in their IP address?

I'm trying to clear something up that I haven't been able to get a simple answer to. If I have multiple computers on the same wifi network, is it correct that they will have the same network ID, but ...
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How is IP tramsmitted from client to server? I checked HTTP requests but its not there [closed]

how do websites know our IP? I checked in HTTP requests, headers and everything is there but no IP why so?
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Will pinging the multicast “all hosts” IP 224.0.0.1 fill my ARP cache with all hosts on my current subnet?

Just wondering in case I ever have a want / need to see all the hosts on my subnet.
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Function of the P-bit flag in an IPv6 multicast

Currently I'm trying to learn (common) things about IPv6 and started with the address format and the address scopes. Finally I reached the multicast part where my problem with the definiton of the ...
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Is the first address in an IPv6 subnet assignable?

I am working in a lab and have configured a series of /125 subnets between routers. Lets ignore the best practice for this discussion of using /64 for everything. When I assign fd00:f9a8:ffff::257 to ...
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How to get IP address of device from its MAC address on network?

Though it seems possible duplicate of this question. But the need to ask this question again is to simplify the scenario and the demands to just finding the IP address of the device. The network in ...
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Understanding EUI-64

I was reading Forouzan's book. It says following: In IPv4 addressing, there is not a specific relation between the hostid (at the IP level) and link-layer address (at the data-link layer) because ...
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How does NAT ensure that every machine has a unique public IP?

I am trying to understand the distinction between public and private IP addresses in IPv4 networking. The picture I've been told has some problems with it, so I would like to present it here and ask ...
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Question On Route Aggregation [duplicate]

Suppose I have these 3 IP Prefixes : 190.154.27.0/26 190.154.27.64/26 190.154.27.192/26 and I want find the aggregate prefix. I convert each address to its' binary equivalent: 10111110....
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Why the first octet of a MAC address always end with a binary 0?

I stumbled upon a piece of code on GitHub: https://github.com/adeverteuil/bash-ula-generator/blob/master/gen-ula.sh # Generate an EUI64 from the MAC address # as described in RFC 3513 # https://tools....
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Why is the IPv6 link-local address not /9?

According to this answer, it's because computers read addresses in binary. Fine. That explains why the fe80 address does not need to be /12 or /16--it's because everything after the 10th bit is a ...
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How do VLANs Work? Some Basic Questions: [closed]

I've recently started looking into VLANs. I am a network novice so bear with me please:). I have a few questions regarding VLANs. I understand that certain managed switches allow you to create VLANs. ...
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Redirect request from local network to behave like a request from internet

I've setup some cameras on local IP 192.168.1.220 and the device is listening on ports 60000:60001. We use Zyxel USG20-VPN if that helps. We have a static address (for sake of example STATIC_IP). I'...
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Which packet's path is shown to us when using the trace route command? [duplicate]

When data is transferred across the internet it is split into numerous data packets of size no more than 1500 bytes and these packets reach their destination through different paths across the ...
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IP address source and destination translation without a gateway

I have a private network (no gateway) with a number of devices configured on one subnet (say A.A.A.0/24). I would like to change the IP addresses of all devices on this network to a new subnet (say B....
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Static IP assignment 3750X - DHCP Override

I have a 3750X that I am running some testing with. I have a VLAN interface that is using 10.10.10.254/21 as it's primary IP and 192.168.10.254/24 as it's secondary IP. See below: interface Vlan10 ...

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