Questions tagged [ip]

For questions about Internet Protocol (IP), an OSI layer-3 network protocol. There are two current IP versions in use: IPv4 and IPv6.

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connecting with external ip is extremely slow [closed]

To be clear, I am an extreme noob when it comes to networking, so please be kind. It takes an exorbitant amount of time to connect to my server with an external ip (domain or the resolved ip), but ...
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1answer
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How does a device receive default gateway IP address?

When and how does a device get information about default gateway in LAN? I know you can define default gateway statically, but which protocol is used when it is not statically defined? Is it from ...
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send modified file periodically from server to client c++ socket programming [closed]

In my code basic connectivity and file transfer work. But I want to send a file periodically from server to client in C++ every 10 seconds with updated data. I tried many things from google but the ...
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4answers
2k views

How to detect the presence of a known MAC address on the .local ? (and get IP)

I would like to make a presence detection application which would be able to detect when a known device connects to the local Wifi network. So basically I would know the MAC address of the device, but ...
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Could someone please clarify my understanding of this question? [duplicate]

I have been asked to use a particular IP address for a homework lab. The IP address is 218.179.169.7 and I have been asked to create 24 subnets and use the 16th network address. I dont fully ...
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Divide IPv4 network into subnets in a SPECIFIC order [duplicate]

My private addresses start at 10.10.0.0/16. I must make 2 subnets with 120 and 450 starting with the 120 one and not leaving any unnecessarily unused addresses. Let me remark, it's IMPERATIVE that the ...
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Is there a way to find all the public ip addresses my pc had for the last months or year? [closed]

Is there a way to find all the public ip addresses my pc had for the last months or year ? Are they saved somewhere ? Thanks in advance,
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2answers
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Why do we need private IP address range?

When it comes to local networks, you have the freedom to use any IP address you want for your network since it doesn't need to communicate on the internet with other devices. However, the RFC ...
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What is the Subnet ID and Host ID [duplicate]

As I'm studying computer networking, I stumbled upon the following image: I'm confused about a few things here. I understand that, because the IP is of class B, the first two bits must be 1 and 0 ...
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What exactly defines a LAN? [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand what exactly defines a Local Area Network as such? This is how Wikipedia defines a LAN, and that sort of how it's defined anywhere else I found: A local area network (LAN) is ...
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3answers
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What is Data Offset and its uses in TCP Header?

I was learning about TCP and came across Data offset. This was the answer I found. " Data offset specifies the size of the TCP header in 32 bit words. The min. size header is 5 words and the max. is ...
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A question from an online subnetting quiz [duplicate]

Does anyone know the last usable host IP address for the 172.45.120.0/23 network? And an explanation of how you got the answer? It's a multiple choice question on an online subnetting quiz. I'm ...
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Advertising same ip address from 2 locations [duplicate]

Can you pls. Explain advertising same ip address from 2 locations (Active/Passive)
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1answer
2k views

Host IP address vs gateway IP address vs DHCP IP address

What is the difference between a host IP address, a gateway IP address, and a DHCP IP address when setting up networking devices? For example, when configuring a virtual network adapter for my VM, I ...
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How to divide a network into equal subnets? [duplicate]

Split the network 10.200.20.0/27 into 4 subnets and submit the network address of the 3rd subnet as the answer. Split the network 10.200.20.0/27 into 4 subnets and submit the broadcast address of the ...
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1answer
51 views

Possible causes of ICMP Destination unreachble - Port unreachable

Are there any other causes, apart from the specific port to be reached being closed, that can lead to an ICMP Destination unreachable - Port unreachable message? What are possible reasons for this ...
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1answer
98 views

How to configure IP addresses in cisco packet tracer?

Hello I am working with Cisco packet tracer. I have two laptops connected to a wireless router with IP addresses assigned using DHCP. The router's Internet IP address is 10.1.0.0 and the LAN address ...
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9 views

Dividing Network into Subnets [duplicate]

Divide the network 172.16.0.0/22 ​​into subnets of the following size: 128, 300, 40, 20, 20. How exactly is this done?
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OSI layer of Neighbor Discovery Protocol

NDP operates using ICMPv6 and, even though ICMPv6 messages are encapsulated in payload field of IPv6 datagram, ICMPv6 and ICMP are usually considered as network layer protocols. At least, on Wikipedia ...
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2answers
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Is it possible that multiple devices (servers) have the same external ip? [closed]

When I check devices' external IP (ipv4) from my home I see the same numbers for my phone and laptop. Imagine these devices are servers, both host different sites, and have 80 ports opened. From which ...
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1answer
969 views

How to Run Static IP Through Comcast Business Class Modem to Router?

I apologize in advance for this kind of nebulous question, but I'm very stuck after many hours of trying and I need help. Here's what I have: Newest model of the Comcast Business Class Modem/Router ...
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2answers
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rules regarding IPV4 fragments and piecing them together

I'm rolling off my own TCP/IP stack for DOS and I have a question on IPV4 packets. Assuming that a client sends multiple IPV4 fragments, I would predict the MF flag would be set for every fragment ...
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1answer
63 views

How does Network Layer behave when client received a unicast DHCP offer?

I went through various stack exchange post to understand the concept of DHCP offer when it comes as a unicast to client from the DHCP server. A server can send a unicast DHCP offer since it knows the ...
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1answer
47 views

How is the subnet mask detected over the internet with CIDR (classless inter domain routing)?

Lets say there are two public IP addresses. One is 21.120.12.8/16 and the other is 21.120.12.8/8, they are different network IDs but when used over the internet how are they both differentiated? Or is ...
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1answer
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Recommended IPv6 prefix size for PPP to a single host?

I am using PPP to create a IPv6 connection to a remote host. What is the recommended IPv6 prefix size for a single host at the other end of the PPP connection? Should it be /128, because there is ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the maximum number of networks in IPv4?

From my understanding, in IPv4 addressing, the first 2 octets identify the network, meaning 2^16 networks can exist. But that doesn't seem even closly enough as the population in even USA is above 300 ...
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1answer
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IP flow interpretation on Logrhythm Netmon

We have a Logrhythm freemium network monitoring solution depending on port mirroring using span ports on switches to receive all traffic and analyze it. But I cannot understand the output. If I am ...
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1answer
61 views

Packets lost with correct TCP sequence number. Is it possible?

I'm analysing some communication issues that we have between a server (SCADA) and remote terminal units (RTU) that we have in the field. The communications are IEC104 protocol which use TCP/IP. The ...
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1answer
80 views

Why do we need ATM if SONET/SDH can carry IP directly?

If SONET/SDH can carry IP, and ATM rides on SONET/SDH, then why do we need to encapsulate IP inside ATM? That makes "IP over ATM over SONET/SDH". What's its benifit over "IP over SONET/...
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2answers
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Basic conceptual questions about network interfaces

I have some basic questions as I am trying to understand the concept of network interfaces a bit better. Is network interface same as network interface card (NIC)? If not, what's the difference. What ...
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2answers
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Basic question in finding the port of a website

To my understanding, every time someone is hosting a service e.g. mysql server, there is always a server IP (or domain name) and a Port needed to reach the service (e.g. www.servername.com:3306). ...
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1answer
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IP masquerading and nat

what is the difference between IP masquerading and nat? do both of them have the same limitation? in the line "IP masquerading cannot provide full internet connections to the hosts which hide ...
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How is 8 bits sufficient for the TTL in an IP header?

The TTL (Time to Live) is an 8-bit field in the IPv4 header. It can take any value from 0 to 255. If this means that the packet can take a maximum of 255 hops (routers) on its way to its destination, ...
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Is “IPv10” a joke or a serious RFC draft?

Internet Protocol version 10 (IPv10) Specification The name is funny (IPv4 + IPv6 == IPv10), but the actual proposal looks strange (one more packet format to battle incompatibility between packet ...
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2answers
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Private IP vs MAC

What I know is that when we connect to another IP, our Public IP gets shared to the outside world, and when they address us they use our Public IP (gateway), and then the gateway directs the ...
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1answer
43 views

Does every link between routers demand a new subnet?

This might be a stupid question but I'm new to this. I am studying a class about basics of networking and I don't really understand one question that we have. We need to a divide the given IPv4 ...
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1answer
15 views

How to ensure packet was created within certain time?

I am creating a custom protocol over UDP and I want to use a low number of bits for the sequence number. This means that the number can wrap relatively fast. Is setting the TTL for the outgoing ...
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3answers
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Understanding the ways of communication in IP networks

I am trying to check my understanding about the ways of communication in IP networks. I would classify the ways of communication in IP networks into three generic types: The source requests name ...
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2answers
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Cisco Catalyst: interVLAN with shared addressing

Can I make several VLANs in a typical Catalyst (for instance, Cisco C3640) that share the same addressing? For example: vlan 1 -> address in Fa0/0.1: 3.3.3.1/29 vlan 2 -> address in Fa0/0.2: 3.3.3.2/...
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4answers
221 views

Can I limit the number of hosts on a subnet to a specific number?

Is it possible to limit the number of hosts on a network / subnet to a specific number like 237,17 or 20? I've tried to read up on using subnet-masks, but with these trailing 1's and 0's it seems ...
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2answers
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End-to-End delay

I’m working through questions from computer networking top down approach and was hoping to get some clarity on the end-to-end delay calculation. At this stage we are not considering processing, ...
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How does 2 computers both behind NAT routers handle communication? [duplicate]

Currently reading up on TCP/IP protocol stack, while I was reading about the Network Interface layers, I started reading about NAT, and how it meant to decrease the amount of IPv4 used, by using the ...
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Into how many subnets can you split this address range up at most? [duplicate]

Let's say there is address range given: 124.33.66.0/23. Into how many subnets can this address range be splitted up at most if each of these subnets includes at least 5 devices? I don't know where to ...
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4answers
5k views

Why can't a single port be used for both incoming and outgoing traffic?

I'm trying to understand something related to network ports, as it's not quite clear to me. The question is, why can't you use the same port number for both incoming and outgoing traffic? This ...
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3answers
391 views

How are packets routed based on IP and how are those routes acquired?

Good day all, this is my first question here, be gentle in judgement Background: At university, we are covering Network Routing Protocols. Having possibly found 2 issues with current routing ...
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What is the use of a host mask/ wildcard with respect to subnetting and ranges? [duplicate]

Taking the example of 10.0.0.0/20, that means my range is 10.0.0.0 to 10.0.15.255 I got that range because I know that the wild card is 0.0.15.255 and I just add it with the beginning address 10.0.0....
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3answers
26k views

FortiGate HA (A/A) Cluster: How can I manage the slave unit from the web GUI?

I am confused to what happened to the slave's IP address. Before I set both my units to Active/Active cluster, I could reach each of them with their own IP. Now, I can still reach the master unit with ...
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4answers
3k views

How can multiple devices share an IP across the internet?

I do realize that most LANs sit behind a device running NAT, which translates the users private IP address to a public IP address. My question is still if you are trying to connect to a private device,...
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4answers
3k views

Port numbers and private IP addresses in Port Address Translation

Sorry for my limited knowledge in Networking. If I understand correctly port numbers are application level addresses for network communication, e.g. port no 20 is assigned for FTP. In PAT, we map ...
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2answers
167 views

Basic understanding of network operation

Assume two stations, A and B, are connected by two intermediate routers. A----R1-----R2----B Now, when A sends a packet to B, then the OSI model will come into the picture. Like, A's TCP layer will ...

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