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Questions tagged [ipv6]

For questions about Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6); as specified in RFC2460.

2
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1answer
61 views

Setting Destination MAC address for RTP/UDP packets

I have a requirement where I have to send the UDP packet to a destination multicast IPv6 address. In addition to that the packets must also have corresponding destination multicast MAC address set. I ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Usage of Flow label in IPv6 header?

I have been reading the IPv6 Flow Label Specification (RFC 6437) and I would like to ask about the purpose of setting this label. In case of just using the 2-tuple (source address, destination ...
19
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the proper term for ipaddress/hostname:port

What is the proper term for (example) hostname.tld:433 (hostname:portnumber)? It is not just hostname, and it is not really a URL either :) same goes for 10.0.0.1:3306 etc.
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Does CSR1000v on AWS support IPv6?

I'm trying to implement Segment Routing IPv6 (SRv6) in Cisco CSR1000v on AWS. I'm having issues with IPv6 which gave the impression that IPv6 data plane does not work. Similarly, I configured a ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

How to handle IPv6 Extension Header Options with action = 01

RFC 8200 section 4.2 states that if a node does not recognize an option type, that node must do some action depending on the 2 higher order bits of the option type. When the higher order bits are 01, ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Do extension headers in IPv6 increase the header length

I was reading about IPv6. It says the header is of a fixed size i.e. 40 bytes, then how come is it able to accommodate extension headers. Doesn't this alter the size of headers. Please help, cant ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

How to handle ICMP-in-IPv6 or ICMPv6-in-IPv4?

Since ICMP and ICMPv6 have different IP protocol numbers, it's technically possible for an IPv4 host to receive an ICMPv6 packet or for an IPv6 host to receive an ICMP packet. Is the host's behavior ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

How to set IPv6 RA values for RDNSS and DNSSL on HPE/Aruba 5400R

I am detail-planning the roll out of IPv6 in our company. Right now I am stuck with IPv6 RA on our HPE/Aruba Access Switches. I cannot find any documentation how to set the Recursive DNS Server (RDNSS)...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

ipv6 dhcp pool option link-address

I'm learning to set up an ipv6 dhcp pool in Packet Tracer. And I'm stomped on what a link-address is as an option in a dhcp server ipv6. I've read this https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

How to architect a globally distributed website, from an IP address perspective

I would like to have a website that is loaded fast from any point in the world. From my understanding, you need to take advantage of the data center "regions" at places like Google Cloud or AWS. That'...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

RPL: questions on routing mechanism

I'm studying RPL and two questions came to my mind: 1: Both in storing and non-storing modes, if a node wants to send a packet to another node via P2P communication paradigm, then how does the ...
11
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3answers
8k views

Why is the U/L bit inversed in EUI64?

This inversion is bijective, so I can't figure out what is it's use.
16
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4answers
13k views

IPv6: Why not use /126 on P2P links for IPv6?

In IPv4 we use /30 to conserve addresses. So why do some people recommend using /64 on P2P links instead of /126? I get using a /64 on regular subnets but isn't using a /64 when there will only ever ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

IPv6 default route not being installed from RA

Platform: Juniper SRX300 Version: JUNOS 15.1X49-D160.2 ISP: Midco I currently have an issue where the IPv6 default route is not being installed from the CMTS RA. Try as I might, I cannot get ...
5
votes
2answers
764 views

Does IPv6 have similar concept of network mask?

Does IPv6 have similar concept of network mask? How does it represent a network? In the output of ifconfig, does prefixlen 128 represent a network mask? lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING> mtu ...
7
votes
2answers
860 views

Why do IPv6 unique local addresses have to have a /48 prefix?

According to RFC 4193, unique local addresses will always have a prefix of FD00::/8.. but according to Wikipedia: The block fd00::/8 is defined for /48 prefixes, formed by setting the forty least-...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Are the IPv6 address space and IPv4 address space completely disjoint?

Tanenbaum's Computer Networks says Finally, IPv4 addresses can be written as a pair of colons and an old dotted decimal number, for example: ::192.31.20.46 Does it mean the IPv4 address space ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

What can an IP address be assigned to?

What can an IP address be assigned to? A network interface, which is what I thought originally. (I seem to hear a network interface can have multiple IP addresses assigned to it, and if it is true, ...
5
votes
3answers
549 views

address-family ipv6 on Cisco 3560G

Is anyone aware of an IOS version for the C3560G that supports configuring a neighbor to exchange IPv6 routes? Apparently 12.2(37)SE Advanced IP Services can't do it - as soon as you try to activate ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

IPv6 Wireshark filter for partial IP address

I would like to create a display filter with the last 4 octets of an IPv6 address. Basically, I have the mac address with me and I want to filter for the IP address xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:113:5005:80:...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Mininet - Configure an IPv6 Router

There are a handful of examples for adding an IPv4 Router in a mininet topology. What there are almost no examples of, is how to add an IPv6 Router in a topology. I have read a few posts on the ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

How are IPv6 addresses grouped? [closed]

I apologise off the bat if this question is too basic to belong in this group. Perhaps it can be moved elsewhere if that's the case, or I can be directed to another SE site. With IPv4 I have long ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

IPv4 only host on a dual stack environment

I am looking into migrating to IPv6 at my company. Our plan is to dual-stack everything for now, however, we have a couple of local servers that are IPv4 capable only. The rest of our network will be ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

How to convert size represented in one prefix length to another?

Example, let's say if someone says, I have allocated one /64 address. How can I convert that to a size in /30? How many /30 equals to one /64?
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vote
3answers
2k views

IPv4 & IPv6 IPSec differences

I am an undergraduate student where I decided to develop a firmware that would eliminate the security vulnerabilities that exist within the current technologies used. such as tunneling, translation ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Dual Stack Network Configuration

I am trying to implement Dual Stack configuration of a network in Packet Tracer. I have two routers connected to each other both of these routers have one IPv4 client and one IPv6 client. The routers ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Security implications of IPv6 tunneling over IPv4

I've read that IPv6 over IPv4 tunnels are a security risk because IPv6 traffic cannot be intercepted by Intrusion Detection Systems and Firewalls. This apparently deterred some networks to deploy IPv6....
2
votes
0answers
48 views

DHCP ivp6 vs DHCP ipv4 router config (cisco)

When setting up a router as dchp server in ipv4, we specify a pool under which we give the network and the default-gateway and that's it: However in ipv6 stateless dhcp , we create the pool then ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Where is the block which caused IPV4 client can not access IPV6 Server

I read many documents which are saying if you are in IPV4 network then you can not access IPV6 network, for example when I was at home I can not access some IPV6 website, such as:ipv6test.google.com. ...
4
votes
2answers
437 views

Configure Juniper Router Advertisements

I am currently setting up IPv6 on my network ran by a SRX-240H2 as router. Besides others the router as an internal interface configured as follows: [edit interfaces ge-0/0/4 unit 802] clb@srx01-av# ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

Mitigating a IPv6 malformed packet multicast flood

So we just had our first IPv6 multicast flood in the network this morning. We managed to stop the offending computer by blocking the mac address with: mac-address-table static x.x.x vlan x drop ...
4
votes
1answer
368 views

Will the packet be dropped when the number of hops equals to default TTL?

From my understanding, the default TTL represents the maximum number of hops allowed such that the packet may reach the host. NTP Documentation Archive: ttl - This option is used only with ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

How does/did an ISP serve so many people over IPv4

Whilst reading Tanenbaum - Computer Networks they talk about IP scarcity at the level of ISPs: IP addresses are scarce. An ISP might have a /16 address, giving it 65,534 usable host numbers. If it ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Can mobile devices take a global IPv6 address by means of only routing?

I'm probably asking this the wrong way, but here it is; I have a /48 block with static addresses for every device on the network. Everything is routed, no NAT, no tricks. My question is: on a mobile ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

My first IPv6 ping fails

I have some dual stack websites. When I open my websites they connect using IPv4 the first time, and then IPv6. If I ping the IP address directly, the first ping fails for IPv6 and then works fine. ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Why aren't we encrypting data on Network level instead of transport level when using e.g. HTTP [closed]

Why we are bothering to encrypt our data on a transport level, instead of just doing that on a network level with e.g. IPSec and get rid of the need to to that in upper layers. For example instead of ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

IPv6 variables or other methods of shortening

From the dawn of when I heard about IPv6 many years ago, to my continued hesitance to make good use of it in today's world where it's eventually going to become necessary... my biggest issue I think ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Which part of an IPv6 address is assigned by the RIR?

Given my PC or any other, which part of the IPv6 address is allocated by the RIR and which part is allocated by the ISP? I know a prefix of /64 is commonly used, does that mean the bits before the /...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Broadcasts in IPv6

I'm aware of the fact that broadcast has been removed from IPv6 and just has multicast instead. However, recently I read "This process (ARP) is now achieved via a multicast address called the ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

IPv6 - RA prefixes and flags

I'm trying to understand how SLAAC works, but having troubles understanding how the information inside the Router Advertisement is used by a client. Let's say neither the Manager nor the Other ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What happens when a subnet reaches capacity?

Other than not being able to claim any more IP addresses in a subnet, what other bad things happen when a subnet reaches 100% utilization, if anything?
4
votes
2answers
7k views

What does a switch do when the destination MAC address is unknown?

Say I just connected my computer to the internet through a home/office LAN network. I then proceed to ping google.com. Of course, the DNS converts google.com to the destination IP address, but how is ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Smallest IPv6 block advertised?

We've received a /48 allocation from ARIN, and want to advertise smaller blocks from different sites in our organization. I tried advertising a /56 from each site, but ISP is telling me they won't ...
2
votes
2answers
228 views

Are there limits to the number of global IPv6 multicast addresses in use at a time?

The address space for IPv6 multicast addresses is very large (something like 2^112) and so I'm imagining it might not be so hard to get my hands on a million or so of them at some point, and try using ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Using IPv6 for multihome ISP eBGP peering due to IPv4 public /24s no longer available

Problem: I have two routers, and two separate ISPs (two different public ASNs). I wish to accept full BGP routes in order for us to properly set up true reliable ISP failover in a way that allows ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Which fields in the IPv6 header are checked during an IP lookup?

I'll consider IPv6 headers for this question. I assume that the simplest IP lookup scheme implementation would just look at the 'Destination Address' field in the IP header of an incoming IP packet. ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Does IPv6 remove the need for a VPN?

I know that a VPN may be used in lots of different ways for lots of different things, so I'm not suggesting that IPv6 removes the need for a VPN completely. I'm interested in one particular use-case: ...
9
votes
2answers
408 views

What is the proper name for hexadecimal like standard notation of an IPv6 address?

RFCs such as 5952 - "A Recommendation for IPv6 Address Text Representation" and 2373 - "IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture" each outline the commonly used hexadecimal and colon based notation that ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

MLD messages during IPv6 duplicate address detection

I was wondering if anyone can shed some light on when Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) messages ought to be send during IPv6 Duplicate Address Detection. RFC4862 section 5.4.2 gives a detailed ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

May every IPv6 address be written as an IPv4-mapped IPv6-address?

In RFC 5952 - section 5 it is stated that for some IPv6 addresses it is recommended to give the mixed notation, if it has a certain prefix. However, it is unclear which prefixes are used for this, ...