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Questions tagged [ipv6]

For questions about Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6); as specified in RFC 8200.

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34 views

Why cant my network send packages but piv6 pings go through?

I have the following network: My routing is as follows: Device configuration for ISP: Building configuration... Current configuration : 1388 bytes ! version 15.1 no service timestamps log datetime ...
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2answers
33 views

How to create a mapping between TCP segments or IP packets or fragments and TCP Windows? [closed]

I am searching for a method how I practically can determine the segments within a TCP window both when sending and receiving them? I want to modify IP packets per TCP window. I already looked into the ...
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2answers
51 views

Unable to add an abbreviated IPv6 to a Cisco router

I am very new to networking and playing around with GNS3. I am trying to configure a router to have 2 IPv6 addresses in a single interface (as far as I understood, this is possible with IPv6) I ...
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1answer
21 views

why is the adress prefix for global unicast adresses in ipv6 considered 3 bits?

global unicast adresses in ipv6 always start with number 2 or 3, but 2 or 3 takes only 2 bits , and the whole adress is represented in hexadec which takes 4 bits not 3, so why the prefix is 3 bits ?
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1answer
57 views

I can't ping the gateway IP (fe80::1) from the internal port in my fortigate 60f firewall

I am using a fortigate 60f firewall. I have configured it for both ipv4 and ipv6. I have used the SD wan (by adding wan1 and wan2) for load-balancing. Moreover, I have configure a default static route ...
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1answer
191 views

Does CSR1000v on AWS support IPv6?

I'm trying to implement Segment Routing IPv6 (SRv6) in Cisco CSR1000v on AWS. I'm having issues with IPv6 which gave the impression that IPv6 data plane does not work. Similarly, I configured a ...
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2answers
101 views

Why cant't IPSec's Transport Mode ESP be used in NAT64 although ESP doesn't sign the new IP header?

In RFC6146 stated: Any protocols that protect IP header are incompatible with NAT64. This implies that end-to-end IPsec verification will fail when the Authentication Header (AH) is used (both ...
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1answer
60 views

How does a device receive default gateway IP address?

When and how does a device get information about default gateway in LAN? I know you can define default gateway statically, but which protocol is used when it is not statically defined? Is it from ...
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1answer
22 views

Can servers derive the user IPv6 block of an address?

Internet Service Providers (ISPs) assign users large IPv6 blocks (~/64) containing millions of IPv6 addresses. If a user was to ping a server using 2 different IPv6 addresses from his given IPv6 block,...
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4answers
1k views

OSI layer of Neighbor Discovery Protocol

NDP operates using ICMPv6 and, even though ICMPv6 messages are encapsulated in payload field of IPv6 datagram, ICMPv6 and ICMP are usually considered as network layer protocols. At least, on Wikipedia ...
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1answer
26 views

Why does a Cisco router advertise a prefix with NDP RA when it has an address in that range?

If I write interface Vlan1 ... {ipv4 config} ... ipv6 address 2001:DB8:5432:101::/64 eui-64 ipv6 address FDAA:DB8:5432:101::/64 eui-64 ipv6 enable ipv6 nd prefix 2001:DB8:5432:101::/64 ipv6 nd ...
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0answers
15 views

Can I route DHCPv6 & Router-Advertisements through another router? [closed]

I have asked this question on Super-User, though I'm not sure, it's the best place. 1 I believe this Exchange is a more appropriate place to ask: I have a dual router setup (two routers behind each ...
3
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1answer
47 views

Recommended IPv6 prefix size for PPP to a single host?

I am using PPP to create a IPv6 connection to a remote host. What is the recommended IPv6 prefix size for a single host at the other end of the PPP connection? Should it be /128, because there is ...
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1answer
749 views

Fortigate and ipv6 routing

I have a Fortigate router and my ISP support ipv6. I'm getting a public ipv6 on the Fortigate and also on the computers on the lan (2a02:a18:9041....) I have not to much understanding of ipv6, but by ...
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5answers
31k views

Is “IPv10” a joke or a serious RFC draft?

Internet Protocol version 10 (IPv10) Specification The name is funny (IPv4 + IPv6 == IPv10), but the actual proposal looks strange (one more packet format to battle incompatibility between packet ...
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2answers
720 views

Can a client-side outbound TCP port be reused concurrently for multiple destinations?

Can a client-side outbound TCP port be reused concurrently for multiple destinations? If it's possible, this would let NAT gateways milk an IP Address much more, and make it practically impossible to ...
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0answers
29 views

ECT Marked ICMP Responses

For ongoing research I'm conducting, I'm measuring the modification of ECT fields of the IPv[46] header. To do this I'm relying on ICMP quotations to inspect what packets 'look like' as they traverse ...
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2answers
77 views

IPv6 Prefix Delegation & propagation through an organisation

IPv6 Prefix delegation is designed to allow an ISP to give an organisation a block of addresses to issue throughout their network. However, enterprise networks extend beyond a single tier of devices, ...
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0answers
18 views

Why did we not run out of IPv4 adresses yet? [duplicate]

I know how IP addresses work and I also understand the reasons why there is a natural limit to those addresses, as well as the solution to that problem. Officially, we have ran out of IPv4 addresses ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is the NDP Neighbor Solicitation message sent to the solicited-node address?

As I understand it, when Host Alice knows Host Bob's IPv6 address but not its MAC, Alice sends an NDP Neighbor Solicitation (NS) message to the solicited-node multicast address for Bob. Alice knows ...
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1answer
16 views

Ping6 replies go to a different interface [closed]

Server A has two interfaces (i1 and i2) with the same IP on them, say fd11:1111:1111:1111::1/48. Server B has the same two interfaces with the same IP on them, say fd11:1111:1111:1111::2/48. When ...
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6answers
4k views

Could IPv6 make NAT / port numbers redundant?

From what I can tell, each process could get its own IP address, with loads of IP's to spare. What would the drawbacks be? Essentially, your host would become a router and each process is a host (in ...
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1answer
206 views

Why DNS services Like google public DNS and Cloudflare 1.1.1.1 has ipv6 versions?

I understand the need for ipv6 as we ran out of ipv4 but dns resolvers like google and cloudflare already have ipv4 addresses for resolving dns and i don't see compatibility as a reason either because ...
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1answer
118 views

Why is an IPv6 interface required to have a link-local address?

According to Link-local address on Wikipedia: In IPv4, link-local addresses are normally only used when no external, stateful mechanism of address configuration exists, such as the Dynamic Host ...
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2answers
337 views

General: What is a dynamic gateway, how does it work, where is it used?

I saw this option in my OPNsense gateway configuration, and was hoping someone could shed light on what it is, exactly: Dynamic gateway policy: [YES/NO] This interface does not require an ...
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1answer
99 views

IPv6 SLAAC and Static DAD

I started learning about IPv6 and I wonder what happens when you mix SLAAC and static addresses in the same /64. My current understanding is as follows: Machine A with a statically configured ...
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1answer
46 views

Need a little clarification with NAT and IPv6

I understand NAT exists to not exhaust all the ipv4 addresses so there is no need for it with ipv6. So with ipv6 having an unimaginable amount of addresses, will every device have its own public ...
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1answer
40 views

Confusion regarding possible IPv6 Link Local address prefixes

I have trouble understanding how many alternative link local IPv6 address prefixes may exist. I know that the prefix is fe80::/10 which implies that the first 10 bits must be static as: | 10 ...
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0answers
15 views

Segment Routing Encapsulation on Client Interface? [closed]

I wanted to test SRv6. Always between two clients (client 1 <-> client 2). If I do the encapsulation on the client everything works smooth as expected. Client 1 (encap SRv6 Tunnel) <- 2001::/...
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2answers
65 views

Is NAT66 a Viable Option to Protect Client?

Due to the addressing scheme of IPv6, each client now is able to get and directly use Globally-Routable Address (GUA) from the ISP. But that poses bigger security threat because attacker can directly ...
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1answer
65 views

BGP unnumbered on P2MP link

I'm wondering what will happen if BGP unnumbered session is configured on a link that has multiple routers on the other side which are both IPv6-capable and will both reply on RS and produce RA ...
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1answer
30 views

Why does CLAT in 464XLAT architecture use Stateless NAT64 instead of Stateful?

As of my understanding, stateless NAT is using 1:1 translation, meaning it needs one IPv4 address for one IPv6 address vice versa, thus not preserving IPv4. Since the CLAT is supposed to be router/...
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1answer
53 views

GNS3 can not ping from ethernet interface to serial interface

So I am doing a Lab for one of my classes involving ipv6 and routing using EIGRP. When I set-up the network and assign the router interfaces with IPV6 address I get an issue pinging the whole network. ...
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3answers
318 views

Can you keep DHCP addresses from your ISP

I have my modem configured for bridge mode. I get one IPv4 for my router and one goes to my server for public access. If I static assigned these IPv4 address would I keep them as long as no one else ...
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2answers
2k views

Do we need different VLANs on IPv6 network? [closed]

With IPv6 there's new train of thought around this technology than IPv4. Since this protocol does away with broadcasts, is creating different VLANs necessary? Some people will argue that you can apply ...
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1answer
38 views

How do I know when an AAAA record is required? [closed]

I'm trying to wrap my head around DNS. My biggest issue right now is understanding when an AAAA record is required. Recently, I was asked by a colleague to point a subdomain from Server A to Server B....
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1answer
45 views

IPv4 and IPv6 Source Address field

Both the IPv4 and IPv6 headers contain the source address field. What are the reasons for including this field? Is it for to trace which who sent this packet if it get's lost?
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1answer
427 views

How is ICMP Packet Too Big handled in IPv6?

I am trying to comprehend the way packets fragmentation works in IPv6. As far as I understand it, IPv6 routers never fragment packets: upon receiving a packet whose size is bigger than the MTU of the ...
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2answers
101 views

Why does IPv6 NS not use unicast address but multicast

This is a follow up of Why not put unicast address in IPv6 packet containing NDP neighbor solicitation instead of solicited-node multicast address? The accepted answer makes no sense. It states the ...
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1answer
40 views

Brocade OSPFv3 Routes are not installed

I am trying to deploy OSPFv3 across our network. However a few routers do not install the OSPFv3 route's to their routing tables. For example, this router is able to ping a certain host on the network....
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1answer
232 views

Why is the IPv6 address I'm getting from whatismyipaddress.com wrong? [duplicate]

So I've portforwarded my machine using the graphical interface provided by my router. This interface also gives me a public IPv6 which I can use to communicate with my machine through the internet. ...
0
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1answer
78 views

ASSIGNED or AGGREGATED-BY-LIR status of IPv6 subnet used for Virtualisation

According to the RIPE NCC IPv6 Basics training slides the ASSIGNED status should be used for your own infrastructure and individual (large) assignments to customers. The AGGREGATED-BY-LIR status ...
13
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4answers
3k views

Difference between :: and ::1

I am confused about following netstat output. There are two kind of local ports. The first is: [::]8100 The second is: [::1]8100 I know that [::1] is a loopback address for IPv6. My question is: ...
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5answers
2k views

How does the shortage of IPv4 public IPs influence existing firewalls?

I came to know recently IPv4 public IP address pools are going to be exhausted soon. If IPv6 addresses are fully in use, all device vendors like Cisco, Fortinet, Palo Alto have to redesign their ...
66
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5answers
19k views

Why are IPv4 addresses running out?

I understand that we are running out (or ran out already?) of IPv4 addresses, but I don't really understand why that is. Right now, every home has its own IPv4 address (dynamically assigned, but still,...
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1answer
77 views

What are usecases for IPv6 link-scope anycast?

IPv6 Neighbor Advertisement messages have a flag called Override, see RFC4861. It toggles, whether the receiver of the message should remove other link-layer addresses for the same IPv6 target address ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Can mobile devices take a global IPv6 address by means of only routing?

I'm probably asking this the wrong way, but here it is; I have a /48 block with static addresses for every device on the network. Everything is routed, no NAT, no tricks. My question is: on a mobile ...
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1answer
168 views

How can IPv6 host know default router's IPv6 address using RA?

I know an IPv6 host will send Router Solicitation (RS) messages, and a router on the link will reply Router Advertisement (RA) messages. In the RA message, there is the Source Link-Layer Address and ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How to break apart an IPv6 /56 6rd delegated prefix from ISP into multiple /64 VLANs for use with SLAAC EUI-64? [Cisco]

I have CenturyLink Internet service, and they have a 6RD IPv6 deployment where they hand out an IPv6 delegated prefix /56 block to me and allow me to use it as I wish. My Cisco ISR router receives the ...
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2answers
90 views

IPV6 static Routing

I'm new to networking and I'm currently learning about IPv6 in static routing. I set up an environment in Cisco Packet Tracer like this: have connected two routers with serial medium , each router ...

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