# Questions tagged [latency]

For questions about network latency. For instance: the propagation of your network traffic, where the transmission medium can be defect or the processing of packets by a network device has slowed down.

76 questions
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### Delay, Packet length and transmission rate

Why does the delay in sending a packet from source to destination doesn't depend upon the transmission rate and the packet length? If we look at the delay formula then it is, L/R + D/V.
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### Network latencies between opposite ends of the Earth

This is just out of curiosity. I'm currently in South-east asia, and when I pinged domains such as bbc.co.uk and google.com (in California), I get latencies of around 5ms as below: 64 bytes from 151....
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### Diffrences in Latency on LAN [closed]

I have some problems on our LAN with (guessing) latency. We have a monitoring system and we have one server that is connected to a SQL server. And we are monitoring a service and ping, so the ping ...
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### Why do we only factor in the transmission delay of one node in a two hop transmission? [closed]

I'm trying to understand two hop transmission from my lecture notes. To get the total delay time for transferring data, the notes say that we only factor in the transmission delay of the host with ...
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I need to measure the latency, jitter and packet-loss per link in a network, as opposed to end-to-end, e.g. like this: s1-eth0 <--> s2-eth0 (~ 20µs avg. latency, standard derivation 10µs, 57 % ...
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### Can clock synchronization ever be more than guesswork within a certain interval?

Assuming consistent spacial interference, e.g. The time for packet Z to get from point A to point B will always be constant. The time for packet Z to get from point B to point A will always be ...
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### What would cause high latency anytime there is traffic on WAN?

I have a network that has been experiencing slow internet speeds. After a great deal of troubleshooting, I have determined that any streaming content/downloads will cause the latency of WAN traffic to ...
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### Estimating bandwidth requirements and productivity gain from traffic data

My small office has a 30Mbit/s internet connection, on which two or three people work. We could get twice the bandwidth at a substantial cost. I imagine a bandwidth upgrade would slightly improve ...
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### How to Troubleshoot Network Latency Step by Step

Does anyone have an idea of how to troubleshoot high network latency step by step? For example, let's say we have a remote office. And all users are from that office are having high latency accessing ...
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### Serialization and serialization times in 40G/10G and 100G/25G Ethernet

I've recently been involved in discussions about lowest-latency requirements for a Leaf/Spine (or CLOS) network to host an OpenStack platform. System architects are striving for the lowest possible ...
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If I use a bridge to perform traffic sniffing like man in the middle will the bridge add a delay? And what word should I use delay or latency?
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### Dynamically generate OSPF/BGP routes based on Internet latency

Scenario Three Offices with 2 ISPs each - utilizing static routing to the ISP. Each office has a VPN and leased point-to-point circuits connecting the offices in a ring. A VPN is also connecting the ...
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### How to measure time a request takes between two machines?

I need to calculate the time it takes between: a request sent from a machine the request is received at another machine I can do it by logging, but the clocks at these 2 machines are possible have a ...
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### What causes packet loss when using full bandwidth from ISP?

We have a small, local ISP that is having some networking issues and I'm trying to understand the cause to better communicate with their network guys. I work with a number of companies with different ...
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I am having the same issue on my business connection 5Mbps as in another posting on this site. As soon as any computer starts a download the latency on the first hop past our DFG provided by our ISP (...
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### What is the value of EstimatedRTT at first time?

Although this question might be marked as duplicated! I'm asking again because other question's answers like this couldn't help me. So please consider the case and don't mark it as duplicate and ...
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### What's the difference between `Latency` and `Round Trip Time`?

Golang community provide a HTTP/2 demo website to compare the performance between HTTP 1.1 and HTTP/2. We can choose different latency, e.g. 0s latency, 30 ms latency, 200ms latency. Is latency a ...
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### Why can insufficient bandwidth reduce latency?

In this article, it is stated that latency does not affect bandwidth, but insufficient bandwidth can reduce latency. Can someone explain me the latter part of the statement? How would insufficient ...
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### Weird packet lost. Looking for some input

Like me start by saying I'm not an network expert but this situation got me scratching my head and you guys might be able to help. The infrastructure is 4 switches (Dell 2848). 2 For the LAN and 2 ...
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### What is the relationship between throughput and latency

Looking at the structure of a TCP packet, such as discussed here: What is the internal structure of a mobile phone call packet/datagram?, this indicates that a TCP packet size is 192 bytes excluding ...
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### What are the differences between TCP iRTT and ICMP Ping?

I’m attempting to estimate latency between my PC and any servers/clients it interacts with. I don’t want to use Ping for various reasons (requires both ends to allow it, would require additional ...
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### How fast can information travel through various media?

I'm working on compiling some information about network latency and designing tests to help our support folks troubleshoot problems. In order to do this, I need some basic information that I don't ...
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### What is the latency of IP over Infiniband compare with 10Gbps fibre network?

What is the latency of IP over Infiniband compare with 10Gbps fibre network? 10Gbps network is something like a Solarflare low latency NIC card. How well does IP over IB perform not just throughput ...
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### High Jitter and Data Loss on Cisco Meraki Z1

Our office is running a Cisco Meraki Z1 Security Appliance and recently (March 5th) the internet has been dropping out intermittently. The appliance remains online but the internet either doesn't work ...
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### IPTV Cisco configuration for C2960

I have attached a network diagram explaining IPTV network , i have below queries to understand & configure IPTV . All ports on edge switches are configured as access ports in VLAN 101. On Core &...
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By using the ping, I calculate the RTT between A and B. I calculate the RTT between A and C. I calculate the RTT between C and B. Is it possible to compare the RTT of topological link A->B with the ...
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### does the DSL distance really add more latency

I've been using dsl internet for quite a while and having a ping from Algeria to France of about 90 ms , after trying to ping some locations in Algeria , i am getting about 50 ms, ping to my gateway ...
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### Latency in P2P Circuit

I have one P2P Circuit from our HQ to a secondary office. the distance between them is approx 2kms. Earlier when the Circuit was delivered at that time we were having an RTT of 3-4ms. It is a 10Mbps ...
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### Cisco C891F-K9 ISR latency?

What is the multicast routing latency of Cisco C891F-K9 ISR? Please cite references for your answer. I think it's store-forward type and isn't one of the fastest models (given its price!). I've ...
560 views

### On a Layer 3 switch, what part does the CPU play in forwarding packets?

I am a Systems Administrator at a small firm. We are latency sensitive. When forwarding packets, what protocols use the CPU and which use the ASICs? We have mostly Arista 7124's (for the most latency ...
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### Measure latency and other statistics by comparing PCAPs

I need to measure certain statistics, such as latency, packet delay, and jitter. Would it be possible to measure these statistics between 2 nodes by sniffing traffic on both ends and then comparing ...
792 views

### POST duration over https vs ping time? [closed]

I'm trying to get a first-order evaluation of how network latency / Round Trip Time (RTT) T, as characterized by ping time, will affect the duration of consecutive sequential POST requests over an ...
367 views

### How to measure latency and udp-jitter from the end-server [closed]

Is there anyway to monitor a latency and jitter from SLA Router to EndClient(Linux Server). I have tried to use IP SLA with UDP Jitter but it didn't work. Diagram SLA-Router -------> Linux ...
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### How to find the source of increased latency?

I've got monitoring setup on several devices in our office. The ping response time to small access switches is commonly 1-4ms... As of 3AM this morning, this has sky-rocketed to 300ms on average. ...
1k views

### Is RTT the same as round-trip propagation time?

As far as I know: (1) Latency (τ) = transmission delay + propagation delay + queuing delay + processing delay (2) Round-trip time (RTT) is two times the latency (assuming the same latency both ways) ...
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### Cisco VLAN configurations with WAP - Poor performance

We've recently applied a new modification to our network config. Separating two SSIDs into a guest \ corporate split config. All of the VLAN and DHCP scopes are functioning in the way it was designed ...
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### What are the concerns other than latency for network tuning?

Everywhere I keep finding "to achieve low latency" or "latency is of concern", do this! So, I don't really get what are the other concerns other than latency. I mean who doesn't want low latency? Or ...
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I just had an argument with a colleague of mine and thought I'd just reach out to the experts on this. Here's the scenario. We were using a website that measures your connection's speed. We tested ...
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### Difference in latency between public and internal IP addresses

Should there be a difference in latency when accessing resources by their public IP address versus their private, internal IP address? And if there is, would (mis)configuration be to blame? My ...
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### How can I determinte the reason of server-to-server latency in my network? [closed]

We have a proplem with server-to-server latency. How can I determine the reason for it? These servers are connected to different Cisco switches. Althought the reason for this problem might not be ...
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### Can you reduce RTT by increasing the bandwidth on a link?

Does increasing the bandwidth on a link from, let's say, 1mb to 30mb reduce the RTT? I have found one answer saying no. Can someone please explain? Also, what are the best mechanisms to reduce RTT?
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### Network Latency issues with Cisco AP

This question involves network latency as opposed to bandwidth. I have a small remote office with a single Cisco 881W Integrated Services Router (Ethernet WAN). The WAN modem is an AdTran NetVanta ...
538 views

### Using the value of RTT to estimate the latency

Generally speaking, we can calculate the packet delivery time using this formula, Wikipedia: Latency = Transmission delay + Propagation delay + queuing delay + processing delay My question is: Is it ...
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### Latency of AOC vs passive DAC

Long time ago I heard from friend that on really short distance using optical links makes no much sense because comparing to passive connection optical interfaces introduce another layer of hardware ...
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### How to measure the firewall latency?

I want to make a lab experiment to measure the firewall (a hardware) latency. This firewall can do Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) on some industrial protocols (you can consider as TCP payload inspection)...
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### How to find out TCP/UDP latency of your network?

Many people often suggest you to use ping command to find out your network latency. But it is false and a myth you often find in articles on Internet. ICMP ping was never designed to find out latency ...
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### Estimating latency via distance and betweenness

I want to compute the relationship between delay (latency) with distance and betweenness. More specifically, if I know (let's assume) that the distance and betweenness values for two different ...
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### What's the difference among bandwidth, ping, ping rate and latency?

All these terms are quite related but I couldn't understand when to use which. I often hear that some networks have low bandwidth and high ping rate for online gaming. I thought they might be ...