The Stack Overflow podcast is back! Listen to an interview with our new CEO.

All Questions

Tagged with
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
3answers
67 views

Regarding Cisco's hierarchical network design

why routed ports usually implemented between the distribution layer and the core layer ? why not just extend the layer 2 domain to the core layer ? is the other design model more practical than this ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Different MAC addresses [closed]

What happens if a host on the network receives an IP packet with a MAC source address that differs from the MAC address in the local ARP table for that source IP. The ARP table entry for that IP was ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Is a “LAN” a layer 2 or a layer 3 concept, in TCP/IP?

I think my question is purely theoretical and a matter of definitions; it derives from the fact that a L2-switch with VLAN capabilities is able to "create" different virtual LANs, and thus I am led to ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Layer 2 and Layer 3 traffic with one cable

Hers the topology. L2 switch L3 switch Router There are 2 VLANs. One VLAN ends on the L3 switch 1 VLAN on the router. Here is the question. Can i connect the L3 switch and the router with just 1 ...
2
votes
2answers
230 views

What are neighboring ports?

I know this is as basic as it gets but I can't find a direct answer to this question. Are they ports on two different switches (or routers) that are connected by a cable? Are they the ports ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

DHCP Layer 2 and Layer 3 [duplicate]

I am having a difficult time to visualize the conceptions of DHCP Discover message in order to receive an IP address sends out a broadcast at both layer 2 and layer 3. Can someone care to explain? ...
3
votes
1answer
389 views

MAC Table vs ARP

I understand that for a switch to learn a MAC address, if host A wanted to send data to Host B the switch learns host A MAC and places it in the MAC table. If it doesn't know where the MAC (for Host B)...
3
votes
3answers
430 views

Is it possible to perform a Layer 2 (MAC address) traceroute?

I understand the difference between layer2 & layer3 and MAC & IP. I understand address resolution protocol, etc. But is there any way to do a traceroute that will show Layer 2 information? For ...
2
votes
3answers
636 views

Does a router send frames or packets?

Perhaps it's a novice question, but does a router send/receive frames? When I read about this subject, it seems that routers decapsulate the frame on arrival, and encapsulate the packet in a frame in ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is it worth the effort to split up in layer 3 with point to point links? [closed]

I have this technical question. With my family we have a little business. I got to provide internet access to three places, separated a few hundred meters each other. I need to allow to watch the ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

How can subnets not fulfil symmetric property?

While studying Internet Protocol, I came upon the following example of two devices: Device A: IP address: 10.1.1.1 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0 and Device B: IP address 10.1.1.200 Subnet mask 255....
1
vote
1answer
464 views

Firewall on a stick for Intranet and static routing

I have a question about possible problems that can occur with this network design. If I have an intranet with a firewall on a stick design, multiple switches with layer 2+, is this setup fine? or ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

Help with small office setup - Cisco SG350 28 port switch

I have very limited knowledge in Cisco IOS but in a crucial state to setup up a small office network. I have bought 2 Cisco SG350 28 port Layer 3 switch, Switches should be enabled with VLAN and VTP. ...
3
votes
2answers
690 views

L2 / L3 on CISCO ASR

I am new to CISCO and have the following problem: I have 3 routers. Between these only one physical connection. The VLAN 100 is connected to R1 and R2. The VLAN 200 is connected to R1, R2 and R3. The ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Do layer 3 protocols use layer 2 protocols?

I saw the STP on layer 2. The guy that made the tutorial says at the end : Even though it seems that Layer 2 access layer solutions are slowly being replaced by blazing fast Layer 3 solutions. ...
1
vote
2answers
436 views

BGP with x2 sessions and x2 L3 VLANs - Please Explain

I am learning about Cisco BGP networking now and came across an interesting situation. In my examples, there was one which suggested that two VLANs were configured on Layer 3 in order to run two BGP ...
1
vote
3answers
132 views

Why do clients request a MAC via ARP, if the router knows the local LAN's MAC addresses already?

If I have an infrastructure type network, why does a local PC send out an ARP request for a MAC? Doesn't the router know the MAC addresses already, since it is using at least Layer 2? Does it do ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Connecting Layer 2 switchport to layer 3 port

I have a config that I am trying to bring up, and in my mind it should work, but perhaps I am missing something. The idea is that one end of the link is a layer 3 interface on a router. The other end ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Separate network for test systems

I often read that you should put customer machines into a separate (testing) network like a DMZ. Is a layer 3 device (switch/router + firewall) a good option for this? Since some ports need to be ...
3
votes
5answers
474 views

Is there a Layer 2 address advertising protocol?

I needed help in understanding if LLDP/CDP is the Layer 2 equivalent to RIP or say any Layer 3 route advertising protocol. If not,is there a protocol that advertises the MAC Address Tables among ...
1
vote
1answer
464 views

Routing and Bridging on a Layer 2 or Layer 3 device

The thing that intrigues me is, say I have a router and I configure it’s interface as a Layer 2 and have 2 Vlans on the same router. So if I want to transfer the data from one Vlan(say VLAN-10) to ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

How does Junos distinguish that route is learned in Layer 3 or Layer 2 VPN environment?

As I understand from Understanding Junos OS Routing Tables document, then bgp.l3vpn.0/bgp.l3vpn-inet6.0 or bgp.l2vpn.0 tables contain routes learned from other PE routers in Layer 3 or Layer 2 VPN ...
2
votes
1answer
670 views

Bridging networks without NAT: how it's done?

I have quite limited networking experience, so probably i'm asking about very simple things. I'm reading about linux bridge interfaces, and documentation states that there is no NAT by default and ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

1 Layer 3 Switch, 2 Vlans, 2 Subnets, and an Unmanaged Switch

Is it possible to for a device with the ip address 192.168.0.1 and Vlan 100 to communicate with an other device with the ip address 192.168.1.1 and Vlan 200 with the following architectures Senario 1:...
2
votes
2answers
360 views

Routing steps on a serial port

"Because the exit interface is not an Ethernet network, R2 does not have to resolve the next-hop IPv4 address with a destination MAC address." - this is routing from serial port , can anyone explain ...
3
votes
1answer
807 views

SD-WAN vs MPLS VPN

Citing wikipedia on MPLS VPN There are three types of MPLS VPNs deployed in networks today: 1. Point-to-point (Pseudowire) 2. Layer 2 (VPLS) 3. Layer 3 (VPRN) I am confused about the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Router vs VLAN in networking?

Why do we need Routers at all when we have VLAN ? Vlan breaks the broadcast domain. Vlan along with the use of SVI can be used for routing. So why do we need routers for in networking ?
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Is it possible to have a single port serve a layer 2 and 3 link simultaneously?

We are moving to a new L2 fiber network and i'm having trouble figuring out how to connect the DR. We are using a spoke and hub topology, with HQ as the hub. The branch locations all have unique ...
11
votes
2answers
9k views

VXLAN vs VLAN over layer 3

I read that one of the benefits of VXLAN over VLAN is that it can spawn across WAN and multiple layer 3 networks by creating overlay layer 2 networks. However AFAIN VLAN can also do the same using ...
-1
votes
2answers
454 views

Does a router divide a LAN into two seperate LANs, or a single LAN with two subnets?

The figure below is part of a networking homework question. The question asks about the source/destination IP and MAC addresses of frames sent throughout the system. My question doesn't touch on that ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

L3 routing between switches with some VLAN's trunked

During a migration various L2 equipment will be replaced with all Cisco L3 switches and over time traffic migrated to routed subnets instead of trunked. There are two straightforward approaches that ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Do packets take the same amount of time when they are within the MTU?

Without considering application processing or deep packet inspection, do packets that do not fragment all travel through the network at the same speed? For example, if there is a network with an MTU ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Basic understanding of network operation

Assume two stations, A and B, are connected by two intermediate routers. A----R1-----R2----B Now, when A sends a packet to B, then the OSI model will come into the picture. Like, A's TCP layer will ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Lab: I have a ISR with layer 2 ports that i need to connect to a 6500 layer 3 routed port

on my network vlan1 is to be non routed management traffic between switches etc. vlan2 is general network vlan3 is wifi vlan4 is a point to point between routed interfaces vlan5 for servers. ...
3
votes
4answers
152 views

Need of routers and IP addresses

I dont know if my research is enough or not but I could not find answers on the net. My question is why not use bridges instead of routers. We know bridges can connect two different networks. Using ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Does a switch understand packets? If yes, what is the frame terminology for?

I was a little confused between packet and frame. The confusion was based on, if a switch is a layer 2 device, how does it reads a packet from a layer 3 device, and where is the 'frame' thing which is ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

ARP spoofing in different VLAN

I want to know if I'm protected for ARP spoofing. In my network, all PCs, printers, phones and servers are in distinct VLANs. I got a layer 3 switch for servers, which handles routing between these ...
2
votes
2answers
329 views

Understanding VLAN tagging

Let's say we have 4 machines connected to a layer 2, managed switch which is connected to a layer 3 switch. Say that 1.2.3.0/24 is routed to the layer 3 switch. Our goal is to have 1.2.3.0-63 usable ...
10
votes
1answer
11k views

RIB vs FIB differences?

Can someone explain the differences between a RIB and FIB a little further? I didn't see any similar questions on the site so I thought this would be a good addition. The RIB routes and the FIB ...
1
vote
2answers
196 views

Cisco 800 series guide

Recently, my company bought a Cisco 881. Although I am able to get it up and working by copying some configuration on the Internet, I still do not understand how does the layer 2 (LAN) and layer 3 (...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Can a router send ARP requests to hosts?

I play with libpcap in C recently to create an arp sniffer program that captures arp requests on the air. I came up with a strange effect. I captured arp requests from my router. I don't know if this ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Need Advice From Experienced Techs Please - For Charity Organization in Africa [closed]

1st: I would like to thank you for your time. 2nd: I was asked by a charity organization to help building a system and network for the charity center where they help the most needed groups in the ...
3
votes
2answers
9k views

Mac address and IP address in physical addressing in Data-Link layer

Framing is done in Data-Link layer. We give physical addresses there. Destination address, source address and MAC. If two PCs in different networks, we try to sent data from one another, we specify ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

Lowest Possible Failover Latency

Let’s say I have two networking devices (either L2 switches, L3 switches, or routers), and the two devices have two ethernet connections between them: port 1 to port 1, and port 2 to port 2. If one of ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Encapsulation and decapsulation basics for OSI layer

I have read that encapsulation takes place down the layers while decapsulation takes place up the layers. In essence, the encapsulation starts at Application layer all the way upto Physical layer. ...
1
vote
1answer
342 views

Regarding Bridge domain and L2 vpn

I am trying to understand the usage of bridge group command.Please refer the following config(on switch ASR9k): l2vpn ! bridge group TEST1 bridge-domain BD1 interface Bundle-Ether1.500 ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

How does a network cryptor work?

I want to know at which layer is a network cryptor used. What are the features of routers used for encrypted packets?
1
vote
2answers
513 views

Understanding Broadcast address

Please validate my understanding for the following points with regard to broadcast address: 1.Broadcast address is relative to a network, so every n/w will have it's own broadcast adress(I can obtain ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

If a bypass switch is an L1 device, what happens when bypass mode is enabled?

Okay, a bypass switch works at L1, and when an inline appliance like an IPS or firewall is connected to the bypass switch, the bypass switch simply grabs all traffic coming in an either side and ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Switching vs Routing

I have seen quite a few discussions regarding MPLS stating things like: MPLS combines the performance and capabilities of Layer 2 (data link layer) switching with the proven scalability of Layer 3 (...