Questions tagged [mac-address]

For questions about Media Access Control (MAC) address which is used as the OSI layer-2 address for many OSI layer-2 protocols.

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Why we need both private IP and Mac Address? [duplicate]

I spent hours on reading but still no clear answer to my question. Why we need Both private ip address and mac address? If I'm not wrong be can't only use mac address to prevent leaking it online (why ...
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51 views

Can Vendor User Mac Address of Another?

I heard that each vendor is given a specific start in the Mac Address to use. What's the problem of me creating a company and using the start of Mac Address given to google or Cisco? how is this ...
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4answers
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Question about ARP requests

When a device tries to associate an IP address with a MAC address for a given device, it sends ARP requests to all devices connected to the same network. If I understand correctly, the searching ...
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34 views

How to tell if a device on the network is an access point?

Let's say we have a network with multiple access points. The command arp -a can be used to list the IP addresses and physical addresses of the devices that are on the same network. Now, is there a way ...
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1answer
31 views

How does NAT modify the headers correctly?

How does the process of replacing the incoming message (say from stackexchange) to the router, and modifying the header with my PC IP happen? How does the router know which IP to insert there? Is ...
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Can two hosts with different subnets connected with a switch talk if they know each other's MAC address? [duplicate]

EDIT: There is a seemingly similar question already, but it doesn't explore what happens if you don't need to do an ARP request at all, which is what seems to be hindering the communication there. The ...
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4answers
89 views

What if a host makes an ARP request for an IP outside its subnet?

I have read other similar question on the forum and none have completely answered my question. But to understand my confusion, you would need to know what else I'm confused about. Is ARP a layer-2 or ...
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1answer
75 views

Unknown cause of disappearing CAM table entry and unicast flooding

Posting this in response to the closed question: Network flooding without ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff (layer 2 broadcast) MAC address in destination? I have a network that is experiencing the following problem: ...
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1answer
46 views

Network flooding without ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff (layer 2 broadcast) MAC address in destination? [closed]

It appears that a switch is sending the same traffic to all ports in a VLAN: In a Wireshark capture on host 192.168.0.10 with MAC aaaa.aaaa.aaaa I see packets with MAC destination bbbb.bbbb.bbbb and ...
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Under what circumstances is the ARP table updated?

Lets say we have 3 devices in the same shared medium : A, B and C. A wants to send a message to B, so before, it sends an ARP request as a broadcast message. When B receives it, it will update its ARP ...
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Do layer 2 protocols allow hosts to communicate without being on a network?

Please go easy on me as I'm just a noob in the networking space. As far as I have learnt, layer 2 protocols use MAC addresses for communication, which doesn't really depend on what network you're in ...
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1answer
58 views

can two devices communicate without physical layer?

can 2 device communicate with each other without data going to physical layer? for example we just use protocol of data link layer that use MAC address , but transferring this frame data between 2 ...
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7 views

PPP vs PPPOE vs Ethernet frame [duplicate]

PPP is a protocol that encapsulate data for point to point communication between 2 device that know mac address of each other ( I say they are in a scope that can see each other) why we need PPPOE and ...
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2answers
39 views

Is there a layer 2 protocol that can be used to send arbitrary data?

I would like to design several devices that receive simple commands from a single controller device all residing on the same layer 2 switch. Is there a protocol that allows me to do this without ...
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1answer
33 views

Do unicast frames get sent to all switches associated with the target VLAN?

If a network topology has a VLAN which spans multiple switches, what happens if a frame is sent to a MAC address that is connected to the source device's "home" switch? By that I mean if a ...
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2answers
60 views

Basic conceptual questions about network interfaces

I have some basic questions as I am trying to understand the concept of network interfaces a bit better. Is network interface same as network interface card (NIC)? If not, what's the difference. What ...
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1answer
25 views

issue regarding broadcast mac address

I read a line saying {Routes do not forward packets coming from one interface having broadcast mac address (FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF)} what is meant by one interface in that line? if router cannot broadcast ...
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2answers
43 views

What is Mac Addressing in terms of Networking

I want to ask what does the term "Mac Addressing " mean ? I know what is a Mac address ,but when we say for example that "one of the functions of Network Interface Card (NIC) is MAC ...
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1answer
55 views

Mac Instability in STP after topology change!

So I'm learning about STP and I recently been taught that when the topology is changed due to direct or indirect Link failure a Mac Instability could occur, So I was wondering, If the blocked port is ...
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1answer
67 views

How does router know MAC addresses of computers that are connected to a separate switch? [duplicate]

i am a newbie but i need to understand this ARP thing. In my company we have a router that has 3 switches connected to it. On the switches there are more than 100 hosts. I know that switch learns and ...
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2answers
135 views

How does the ARP table know to update if two hosts flop IP addreses?

When hosts on the same local network communicate, they manage their own ARP tables which translate between IP addresses and MAC addresses. Thus when computer A needs to send data to IP address ...
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2answers
770 views

MAC address and unicast, multicast and broadcast

I'm very new to computer networking and I'm trying to figure out this dilemma about the Unicast, Multicast and Broadcast transmissions. I was told that MAC address are unique for each device and they ...
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1answer
52 views

What if receiver changes its IP address during the transmission process?

Suppose I am sending data to a laptop with IP address say x but before data could reach its destination the laptop is moved to another network and now its IP address becomes Y. Will the receiver still ...
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1answer
34 views

BPDU Header System ID Extension

Previously network switches was using the 8 byte field Bridge Priority to identify a root on the network.When networks grows and becomes complex vlan creation comes into play the 2 bytes Bridge ...
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1answer
262 views

Sending a gratuitous ARP on an interval - Cisco

In response to my question Propagating Static MAC Addresses , I realize I can not avoid the unknown unicast problem. Essentially I have hosts that forward their traffic via an L2 frame to a ...
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3answers
89 views

Propagating Static MAC Addresses

I have a situation where I need to place a static MAC on a switch as the server in question does not generate any outbound traffic. This static MAC seems as if it will work for hosts on the same ...
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1answer
26 views

Huawei switch mac address sticky (model S5720) persistence after power cycle

Suppose I configure the commands "port-security enable, port-security mac-address sticky" in a Huawei switch port, then an endpoint device is connected on the switch port, and a MAC address ...
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2answers
243 views

Are all packets addressed with the MAC address of the router as they leave the machine?

In the Comptia Network+ All in One, it is said that most home routers have a switch built into them. It is also said that the first thing the router does is strip off any layer two information present ...
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1answer
136 views

Unicast and Multicast MAC address convention

I need help in understanding how Unicast and Multicast MAC address is differentiated as explained in wiki. According to what I understood, when the least significant bit is set as 0 in the first octet ...
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2answers
61 views

Can a host from different subnet bypass the network mask validation of destination host and communicate on layer 2?

I am aware that a host will always check the subnet of the destination node before the transmission in order known if it has to send it to the gatewey for different subnet. However, would it be ...
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3answers
101 views

Forwarding and routing table for host [duplicate]

I'm new to computer networking and from what I've studied, I've understood that Forwarding tables map MAC addresses to ports. So they are used by switches. Routing tables map IP to IP ..they define ...
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303 views

Why do WiFi bridges replace the source MAC Address with their own?

Ive read quite a bit about the issues i currently have with my Aruba WiFi Bridge 501 and the failure of DHCP going through, and as far as i can tell the issue is that the bridge replaces the MAC of ...
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1answer
41 views

Unknown device mac address listed in switch table on start out

After playing a little bit with a topology randomly created in packet tracer, I figured out that the switch (Switch0) stores a unknown device mac address on start out, wich I think that it belongs to ...
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1answer
57 views

Filter Packet PPPoE Discovery

i have a sw nexus i have a router BGN with vlan 50 is going to sw then mode access to Client 1 and Client 2 BNG ==== SW1 == PORT1 =Client 1 (Mode access vlan 50) PORT2 =Client 2 (...
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1answer
232 views

Multiple mac adrress on one cisco switch interface

How can i config Multiple mac address on one cisco switch interface? (I have 3 laptops and i connect only one laptop every time(I switch between them), and i want to config only one interface with the ...
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682 views

How to block unknown MAC addresses in OpnSense

I'm dealing with an OPNSense router, at the moment I already configured the DHCP server to provide IPv4 addresses only to a legitimate list of fixed MAC addresses and I want to block every unknown MAC,...
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1answer
26 views

decoupling of network and link layer addresses

can you pls help me understand what the instructor is trying to convey in the following slide. from what I understand:- network address and link address are independent in the protocol layers but ...
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2answers
716 views

How do hosts subscribe to multicast addresses?

So I am having a hard time finding materials online that explains how multicast address are set. I understand what unicast is: Basically one to one communication. In this scenario, an address ...
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2answers
58 views

Will the switch itself interfaces store in the MAC address table?

I have a topology like this: the port and mac address map: Mac address Interface ----------- --------- aa:aa:aa:aa:aa:aa - pc1 bb:bb:bb:bb:bb:bb - pc2 cc:cc:cc:cc:cc:cc - sw1_ac dd:...
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1k views

Does a PC have a MAC address table?

I have a network topology like this: We know switch has MAC address table, but does the PC have MAC address table? I know PC have ARP table in Windows I can use arp -a display all the arp information ...
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2answers
143 views

Why can't we assign MAC addresses on our own?

Mac addresses are used in networks, not in internetworks. So, why to not create a protocol, that will automatically assign to connected devices MAC address in that way, so they don't repeat in network?...
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3answers
2k views

What is the least possible separation of two NICs with the same MAC address?

Suppose you have two NICs with the same MAC address, but not necessarily the same IP address. What is the least possible separation (in terms of number of switches, routers, different IP subnets etc.) ...
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1answer
46 views

How do hosts filter broadcast signals in wireless network?

In bus/hub network, hosts check the destination address of every broadcasted packet they receive and accept it if they are the destination, otherwise they ignore it. Do we use the same principle in ...
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1answer
217 views

2 machines can have the same link-local address, in the correct context. What context?

I don't get in what context multiple interfaces/machines can have the same link-local address. Thanks in advance.
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Is it possible to access 127.0.0.xxx in anyway [closed]

So I've been configuring my network at work. We've got a lot of devices from NAS servers to Dante AoIP devices. While configuring some of my devices I managed to set the IP adress of one device to ...
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2answers
333 views

Is an IP address necessary for a gateway?

When a IP sends something to another host outside the same subnet, it constructs a packet (L3) with the target IP being the IP of the target host, but the frame (L2) has the destination address = ...
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1answer
244 views

Why is default gateway in routers configuration usually set as an IP address?

I mean why not just: a MAC address? It should eliminate the need in ARP requests asking for gateway address. Also it should eliminate the need in changing IP addresses in settings when gateway IP is ...
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105 views

What allows Pulse Secure to prefix MAC Addresses used for DHCP proxying with 55:4E?

I've been looking at traffic logs generated by a Pulse Secure appliance (formerly Juniper Pulse Secure) and have noticed that when the appliance generates a MAC Address it prefixes that address with ...
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122 views

How to discover a host when you don't know its mac, ip and subnet?

I have a network switch and I don't know its ip nor mac address nor even subnet. I need to get all this information. Yes, there are tools like nmap and arp-scan, but the problem is they all need an ...
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1answer
175 views

How to determine BSSID from MAC Address

As I know BSSID is derived from MAC Address, but I have no idea how it is derived and what pattern is used. Since there might be multiple BSSIDs from a device, I want to get all the BSSID that could ...

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