Questions tagged [mpls]

For questions about Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS), the layer 2.5 protocol used as a transport layer for Traffic Engineering, some Layer 2 & 3 VPN's, and VPLS.

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157 views

MPLS route-target export

"Route-target export" is used to export routes form VRF to mBGP - i need to know the rules which tells which routes will be exported. For example : if VRF-RED have 10 Routes which include static ...
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2answers
91 views

What's the advantage of using SDWAN over MPLS/Circuit Lines?

I am trying to figure out. What's the advantage of using SDWAN over MPLS/Circuit Lines? Some Companies goal is to reduce costs so they migrate MPLS/Circuit Lines to SDWAN. Is there any engineering ...
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1answer
53 views

What are LDP-MPLS advantages?

An LDP-MPLS is deployed on a network and labels are used for packet forwarding. As you may know, LDP needs IGP and there is IGP too. Because there is no RSVP, there is no traffic engineering and there ...
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3answers
961 views

Why VPWS service - MPLS has a two ethernet frame headers?

I am trying to understand VPWS services, and going through RFC 4448, Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Ethernet over MPLS Networks. Here is the packet capture: Why there is a need for again ...
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1answer
35 views

Why do we need a Route Distinguisher in VPNv4 routes if there is already a VPN label?

I know the explanation about the usage of RD, that it makes routes from different VRFs globally unique. AFAIK, a VPN route is composed of [RD] + [VPN label] + [Prefix] Isn't the VPN label, that is ...
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1answer
67 views

MPLS LDP transport address should it be always loopback IP

Can the transport address for the LDP be different from the loopback IP? LSR ID would be loopback while the transport address would be interface IP. For example, if the interface IP is the transport ...
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1answer
217 views

Does CSR1000v on AWS support IPv6?

I'm trying to implement Segment Routing IPv6 (SRv6) in Cisco CSR1000v on AWS. I'm having issues with IPv6 which gave the impression that IPv6 data plane does not work. Similarly, I configured a ...
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2answers
63 views

How to isolate in VRF clients with public IPs in MPLS ISP network

I have OSPF and MPLS enabled in network and run xconnects to transmit L2 traffic. But also have just Internet clients that want public IP addresses. So I configure public IP on interface towards ...
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2answers
61 views

What are the benefits of using a transport label in L3VPN?

If not utilizing any form of TE (Traffic Engineering), are there any benefits of using a transport label in L3VPN - instead of just using a simple IPinIP tunnel? e.g. if traffic is egressing PE1 with ...
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0answers
20 views

MPLS provider A L3VPN to MPLS provider B migration

i have a Datacenter infraestructure with a mpls of SP A, and i would like to migrate to another wan line of a different SP B. Mpls current circuit is providing L3 VPN service, one VPN per remote site. ...
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3answers
2k views

Alternatives to multiple Service Providers

I have one SP right now that serves 100 Sites and we are currently planning to migrate all the sites to a new SP. However, this will be a phased migration, so we will have some sites in the new SP ...
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3answers
87 views

How are MPLS routers connected to each other?

So MPLS is one of the many ways to connect two or more distant sites. In other words, it is some kind of a "WAN solution". But what is the "WAN solution" for MPLS? Take for example ...
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2answers
460 views

WAN lines types - understanding leased line/circuit

Studying the WAN lines types, am I right regarding the statements below, or if not, could you correct me please: A real leased line, could be performed with TDM on a line with for example SDH, TDH or ...
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1answer
29 views

Is this how ATM and SONET work?

This is how I visualize how SONET carry ATM, and how ATM carry IP: Is my visualization correct?
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1answer
43 views

How does a Cisco router determine if a packet is IP routed or label switched?

How does a Cisco Router (IOS-XE) decide if a Packet will be MPLS Label switched or ip routed? In a Juniper MX MPLS Pathes have an own Administrative Distance (or Preference in Junipers wordings) So ...
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0answers
134 views

Getting VRF to work (and some other questions)

I'm messing with BGP/MPLS for the first time and I have some doubts both in if I'm doing something wrong with my configuration and if it is the best approach, hope you guys can clarify me a bit here. ...
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1answer
222 views

Many ways of configuring MPLS pseudowires, and choosing only one

I am discovering MPLS configuration on Cisco ASR920, and for almost any "thing" that can be configured, there is often two or more ways to do it. For example, given this configuration: ...
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1answer
65 views

MPLS-BGP - VPN isolation - RFC 4364

In Section 6 of RFC-4364, it is stated that, if MPLS is being used as the tunneling technology (in the scope of forwarding VPN-IPV4 traffic from one PE to an other) , this means that a router in the ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between LFA and FRR?

I have troubles in understanding what is the difference between these two technologies in MPLS networks. Assuring backup path Are they used for the same thing? Or maybe FRR uses LFA for calculating ...
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1answer
161 views

Transporting an Ethernet Port in a LDP Based VPLS Instance on Juniper MX routers

We are currently transporting an Ethernet Port using LDP Based Layer 2 VPN service (P2P PW) in Juniper MX.This P2P LDP PW is up and currently working. Below is the configuration against this:- set ...
3
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1answer
292 views

MPLS xconnect L2VPN with tagged interface (subinterface) and untagged interface

We need to extend a specific device directly connected to the core network to an existing L2VPN with an MPLS xconnect L2VPN. But we encounter a problem. Indeed, one side recquire sub interface and ...
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0answers
69 views

How to connect EVPN DC Fabric to MPLS IP VPN Backbone

Let's suppose that we have a common Clos EVPN/VXLAN-based DC fabric with IP gateways on leaves (anycast gateways). Also there is a lot of different IP VRFs inside a fabric where end hosts reside. What ...
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1answer
257 views

What is the difference between Targeted LDP and Directed LDP in MPLS?

Please explain the main differences (use cases) between Targeted LDP and Directed LDP in MPLS ?
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1answer
48 views

Interconnecting sites with different networks and VLANs

I've got three sites, let's call them Production Plant, Remote 1 and Remote 2. They're not big networks. The Production Plant has two internal networks that has control systems designed for all being ...
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2answers
134 views

Do X.25/Frame Relay/ATM/MPLS have their own switches?

In the context of networking when we say "switch" we always think of Ethernet switch. But do we have X.25 switch, Frame Relay switch, ATM switch, and MPLS switch? If yes, how are they ...
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1answer
58 views

How are labels in LDP "Label Mapping Message" associated with IP prefix?

Let's say, that I have two directly connected routers r1 and r2. For example, I do see that the r2 sends a Label Mapping Message to r1 and provides several labels including 21(0x15): r1 associates ...
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1answer
90 views

Why does Junos create two entries in LIB for single tag- one with "S=0" and other with implicit "S=1"?

In the penultimate LSR there are following two entries for label 301040: root@r2> show route table mpls.0 protocol rsvp mpls.0: 14 destinations, 14 routes (14 active, 0 holddown, 0 hidden) + = ...
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1answer
60 views

Why are the LDP installed LSPs not seen in the output of "show mpls lsp" in Junos?

I have established a LDP session between routers r1(lo0.0 has 192.168.1.1 configured) and r4(lo0.0 has 192.168.1.4 configured). According to show route table inet.3 192.168.1.4 in r1 the BGP prefixes ...
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1answer
908 views

What's the difference between L2TP and L2TPv3? [closed]

Is L2TPv3 an improvement of L2TP or a completely different technology? Other than "it scales better" and "the non-proprietary MPLS" I can't find much information about it that's ...
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1answer
36 views

How to compare two DSCP ? which one of DSCP 28 and 34 (decimal) has more priority?

How to compare two DSCP ? for example which one of DSCP 28 and 34 (decimal) has more priority ?
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1answer
119 views

Brocade L2VPN Route Reflector

I am trying to create an MPLS VPLS network where the VPLS instances are auto-discovered via BGP L2VPN. The issue I'm currently facing is that the routes are not reflected and there seems to be no ...
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1answer
89 views

PVC not Accepted by CISCO 878

I have the following config. set up for an MPLS network on my CISCO 878: Current configuration : 941 bytes ! version 12.4 no service pad service timestamps debug datetime msec service timestamps log ...
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1answer
591 views

Secure MPLS configuration: Does TCP port 646 (LDP) need to be generally exposed?

I am looking for expertise on MPLS configurations and security. A recent Nmap scan of my organization's public IPv4 perimeter networks has discovered a system which appears to be listening on TCP port ...
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0answers
54 views

Why is SD-WAN a more suitable option than MPLS for cloud? [closed]

I keep coming across the statement that because of the growth in cloud computing, SD-WAN is a more suitable option than MPLS for connecting remote sites. Can anyone give me an explanation why?
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2answers
189 views

Pros and cons of using VPLS instead of using MPLS alone

What are the pros and cons of using VPLS instead of MPLS alone? What are the typical cases where VPLS is used?
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2answers
145 views

MPLS : who owns the ingress & egress routers?

I'm trying to understand MPLS. It states that the routing doesn't happen at each router, and it starts with a "Label Edge Router". For example, if company X uses ATT as the provider for MPLS, then ...
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1answer
103 views

How MPLS solve the fragmentation problem?

MPLS appends a label for any packet enters its network. If a packet is equal to the maximum packet size, then packet may get fragmented after appending the label. How does MPLS solve this problem?
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2answers
218 views

Next protocol in MPLS header

How come MPLS header has no next protocol ID field? How can a parser tell for sure which protocol is next? BOS field only indicates that the next header is not MPLS, which is not enough to ...
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1answer
74 views

Bandwidth limit between CPE and Provider Equipment

I have 4 different WAN links for redundancy one of them is 15mbps MPLS and the other ones are 30mbps Internet , 50 mbps Internet and 10 mbps MPLS , the way that it is set up is that we have load ...
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2answers
3k views

Have I desiged correctly my MPLS network?

Here the diagram: I've been assigned to make a network where 3 headquearters are communicated securely, they must have internet connection and all of them must be able to access to the common servers ...
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1answer
37 views

Is it mandatory to upgrade backup ILL connection when MPLS circuit is upgraded?

In our office we have both MPLS and ILL connection. We recently upgraded our office MPLS bandwidth connection from 20 Mbps to 50 Mbps. Currently 20 Mbps ILL connection we have. Is it mandatory to ...
2
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1answer
18k views

Difference between L2 VPN and L3VPN. How EVPN used with VxLAN and MPLS?

I am new to VPN technology and trying to connect and get the bigger picture after going through lot of online documents. Here are my confusions: Differences between L2 VPN and L3 VPN. It would be ...
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5answers
5k views

Same subnet, two locations, BGP. Can it be done?

I am not sure this is possible, but I'd like to route traffic over an MPLS network using BGP to different locations, but use the same subnet. We have an east coast and west coast location. Each of ...
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1answer
248 views

LDP: which FEC an egress router has to advertise when using Ordered Control?

If an egress router knows how to reach a set of distinct and indipendent networks (say, two or more non overlapping IP prefixes in its routing table), is it expected to announce one single FEC for ...
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1answer
45 views

LDP: which FEC to advertise when using Ordered Control?

I have the following doubt: if an egress router knows how to reach a set of subnets, is it expected to bind all those remote destinations in just a FEC (one label) or has it to bind a label for each ...
3
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1answer
585 views

ISP's Customer wants to pass iBGP for his private IP addresses inside his WAN?

Customer has internal networks 10.0.0.0/16, 192.168.0.0/16. Has a network of VPN tunnels, an AT&T MPLS network, and a few Internet (public IP links) from me. I maintain an eBGP AS. He wants to ...
2
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1answer
480 views

Should the Loopback address be unique across the network?

I have an MPLS network where every site has two PEs for redundancy. and I want to configure a set of loopback interfaces on every PE router for routing traffic between different VRFs. is it possible ...
3
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2answers
147 views

MPLS labels between CE and PE

What use cases are there for MPLS labels to be exchanged between CEs and PEs? I'm seeing Carrier Supporting Carrier (Carriers' Carrier) as a potential use case, but are there others? EDIT: I have ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Can't ping between 2 CE routers even though routes exist in vrf routing table

I checked the vrf routing tables and the CE's network is present but I cannot ping it from anywhere. I will provide the PEs' configuration files and the CEs'. Any ideas? PE1 configuration file(R2) ...
6
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2answers
2k views

In MPLS VPN, Which one become first? MPLS Label tag or VPN encapsulation?

In MPLS VPN network, which one is the first thing to do? I mean label tagging is first or VPN encapsulation is first? If you can, please explain about this case.