Questions tagged [networking]

For questions about networking in general. Any question about all on topic network devices can use this tag.

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3answers
149 views

How to find out which port is located on a switch physically

I'm trying to physically located a port on a switch. I know which port the mac address is connected to. The port is Gi2/0/14. But this is part of a stack. How do I know which switch this port belongs ...
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1answer
112 views

Cisco ASA and a Router?

I'm trying to understand networking and when looking at the different routers, firewalls and switches, I came across Cisco ASA. I've read that these can be used as firewalls and routers but others say ...
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1answer
63 views

Route advertisement and FIB programming

Que1. Assuming bgp is running on a network device, will the route advertisement and FIB programming(basically populating entries in hardware) occur in parallel? Or does it occur sequentially, meaning, ...
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1answer
193 views

What layers of the TCP/IP model does an SDN involve?

New to Software-Defined Networks. I know that an SDN involves an Application plane, a control plane and infrastructure plane. By definition, I know that the application plane is in the Application ...
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0answers
25 views

What is the difference between meters and queues in Openflow?

I'm new to OpenFlow and have just started studying Software Defined Networking. I have found a multiple websites mentioning that queues and meters are complementary to each other, and that they should ...
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4answers
144 views

Connecting 2 buildings

If I have 2 buildings connected to each other and they both run to the same ISP, would both buildings need to be connected to a firewall? For the main building I've placed a firewall just before the ...
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1answer
29 views

Is it possible to query interface statistics bytes by given start time to end time in Juniper Device?

I can query a interface detail: admin@Juniper-EX# run show interfaces ge-0/0/1 detail Physical interface: ge-0/0/1, Enabled, Physical link is Down Interface index: 131, SNMP ifIndex: 504, ...
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0answers
28 views

CISCO Packet Tracer

Does Cisco Packet Tracer support config memory and config network command? If no, then do enterprise routers still support it?
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1answer
41 views

Suitable Laptops

Not sure if this topic or question has been asked before but if I was to buy a 2019 top spec macbook pro, would instill be able to connect to Cisco devices, I'll be running windows on it as well but ...
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1answer
78 views

what are Hardware size and protocol size in ARP header? Attached image

While working on packet capture for a simple scan, just had a look at packet capture and want to know what does hardware size and protocol size means in a ARP header?
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2answers
2k views

what is difference between MSS and Window Size?

What is actual difference b/w these two? 1) I have gone through many tutorials on Youtube where some have told that Window Size is what total packet size it can receive eg Window Size is 15000 bytes ...
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1answer
24 views

Strict source routing using my own scattered PCs/ routers

I would like to completely control my network transportation by defining the packages path. According to this I can't do it unless I have control over all the PCs/ routers in its way. Suppose, I can ...
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1answer
57 views

What are network port maps and what are they used for by the networking team in an organization?

I am curious to know what information generally the port maps contain.
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95 views

How to analysis the below situation, is the too many switch trunk connect caused this issue?

I have two Juniper EX switches, and the Juniper-EX-01(ge-0/1/1) connected to the Juniper-EX-02(ge-0/1/0). I want to check is there any optical attenuation problem, or other link errors. admin@...
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1answer
57 views

What is POF in networking?

I was reading some academic articles about networking when I read "protocol oblivious forwarding (POF)" which I tried to google it but I got nothing to simplify it. Please, what is protocol oblivious ...
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1answer
27 views

telnet connection response if port is closed on firewall [closed]

If port xxx is not open on a firewall, what would be the telnet response when attempting to open a telnet session from a remote host in network "A" connected via site-to-site VPN with network "B"? ...
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1answer
41 views

Is there a way to determine my network transportation to specific path?

How can I determine my network transportation to specific path. I would like to determine that my data packages will go through specific routers.
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3answers
134 views

IPSec VPN timers query

I have a couple of queries related to the IPSec VPN and I believe someone would clarify my doubts. Why IKE Lifetime and IPSec Lifetime is used? Can't we just run the VPN without re-negotiating? Why ...
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1answer
32 views

Does transmission delay affect both outgoing and incoming traffic?

If the transmission delay is the time it takes for a router to put a certain number of bits onto a link, why wouldn't it take the same amount of time to take them off the link? Thus making the total ...
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1answer
23 views

Router Extended Access Control List

Why can't we place the Extended ACL close to the destination not the source ? What will happen if we do so ?
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2answers
90 views

How to check if any network connection is quite stable

Is there any ways that we can understand a network is quite stable? In previous time a serial network interface did fail sometimes to establish a connections. Now I have replaced a new one [...
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1answer
37 views

Router Standard ACL

I was configuring Standard ACL on router 1841 on Cisco Packet Tracer with the help of command access-list 1 permit 172.16.40.3 0.0.0.0 and access-list 1 deny 172.16.40.4 0.0.0.0 and then I applied ...
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2answers
78 views

Why the three-way handshake use so short time accomplish it?

I use the Wireshark captured the packages: in there you see the number 1594-1596, the three-way hankshake only use 0.0002s(0.2ms) it complete it. but when I in the server(103.215.9.27) ping the ...
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2answers
1k views

What's the DF flag mean in IP packet header?

In the IP package, there is DF flag: Don't Fragment. I have doubt about it, is it mean let all the L3 device do not to fragment the IP packet (if the L3 device found it is bigger than MTU, device ...
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1answer
151 views

what is the definition of out degree and in degree in computer networks?

in wikipedia we have a good definition for in degree and out degree in a graph: " The degree of a node is the number of connections or edges the node has to other nodes. in-degree is the number of ...
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2answers
674 views

Why the TCP client haven't receive the ACK response, it send the FIN package?

I use the WireShark captured the TCP connect. you see the three-way handshake(1-3) and the four-way handshake(5-8): But, from the frame list, I have a question about TCP. You know the TCP should ...
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1answer
71 views

Why the seq number set to random, there will be safer in TCP connect?

From the TCP document I have read this: First, client sends a TCP packet with_ SYN=1, ACK=0 and ISN(Sequence Number)= 5000_. Do not forget, sequence number is random and it could be between 0 to 4,...
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1answer
85 views

is there any limit/role for `syn` initial number and `seq` number of TCP three-way handshake?

We know the TCP three-way handshake, I want to know is there any limit/role for syn initial number and seq number? I hear about the number set random can protect server, who can help talk about this?
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1answer
47 views

Why the TCP traceroute map jump over many routers? [closed]

I can not understand this TCP traceroute map: This is a TCP traceroute from Chongqing,China to LA,USA: the 219.158.3.146 is Beijing Unicom the 219.158.96.26 is LA Unicom. the path is this: Why the ...
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0answers
71 views

Set up multiple WAP4410N AP with same SSID

We are facing a WiFi connection issue in the prod environment at client place (a big hall, around 200ft x 150ft). Details: Environment: 4 Cisco WAP4410N Access points mounted on the pillars in the ...
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1answer
229 views

Reasons for buying ASN for organisation that are located at single place

I see here that even some organisation/universities have bought ASN which are located at single location. What benefit they will get by buying ASN ? Is it compulsory to buy ASN if I have to buy some ...
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1answer
43 views

What is benefit of allocating ASN to edge routers and not Ip addresses

What is benefit of allocating ASN to edge routers and not Ip addresses ? I mean we could have given these edge routers unique public ip addresses too ?
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1answer
27 views

Connectivity problems in a topology [closed]

I cannot identify any network problems in the following topology. https://i.imgur.com/eyUEzvz.jpg Any help in identifying problems would be appreciated, and I would be happy to work on them.
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1answer
51 views

How to score links in a network represented as graph?

I am working on an academic research about networks. I have proposed my model a a graph that nodes are users with commodity hardware connected to each other via internet as graph links. I know this is ...
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1answer
42 views

Binary to decimal conversion question [closed]

If Decimal 15 = Binary 00001111 can it also equal 01111 ? If not why? sheet with conversion decimal-binary
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1answer
318 views

Why using Telnet with SNMP? [closed]

Recently I got a question asking what is the reason to use SNMP in combination with telnet since using 2 protocols is not a good practice. I did a research on the topic but could not find reasonable ...
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1answer
104 views

Any expected issues with stack of 8 Cisco 3750X switches?

I am planning the network for our new offices this time utilising Cisco 3750X's (WS-C3750X-48P-S). The required port count has gone up and up so have had to procure some extra switches to bring the ...
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1answer
64 views

Setup VLAN within fiber SFP switch with a ROUTER

Good day, I am simulating a setup as below: The configurations as below: 3 switches are joined with fibre optics in TRUNK mode. PC0 joined to gigabit port of switch in VLAN 20 (192.168.2.55/24), ...
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1answer
387 views

POE negotiation between IEEE PD and the POE Switch?

I know that there happens a negotiation between the IEEE PD devices and directly connected POE Switch through CDP or LLDP protocols. But if for some unknown reasons, if the CDP/LLDP is disabled on the ...
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2answers
167 views

Can't get to the Internet from VLAN on switch

I'm trying to setup a network lab to learn more about networking. Equipment: 2 procurve switches. 1 Sonicwall firewall TZ300 The final outline: traffic from Vlan 10 on switch 1(port1) goes to ...
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1answer
120 views

Scaling fragment offset

I studied that fragment offset has 13 bits. At transport layer segmentation is done considering the the MTU at lower layers (network layer, data link layer). Ethernet format says the maximum data ...
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1answer
27 views

Can't connect to network printer while other's in the building can [closed]

I'm unable to connect to the shared printer in our business center. Every unit is on the same wired internet. The instructions state that I should do Run->\10.10.41.11 but then Windows says it couldn'...
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2answers
283 views

Different MAC addresses [closed]

What happens if a host on the network receives an IP packet with a MAC source address that differs from the MAC address in the local ARP table for that source IP. The ARP table entry for that IP was ...
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2answers
312 views

Mac address table ,packet tracer

I connected two pcs to a switch in packet tracer , no ip addresses at all.and on switch cli I put a show mac address-table command,why there is nothing shown in the table?how does the switch so learn ...
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1answer
59 views

Are these two private subnets completely isolated from each other?

Im trying to set up a subnet address range in my local network but the private address ranges of 172.16.1.1 192.168.1.1 10.1.10.1 are all already being used. So I was wondering, if I make this ...
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1answer
49 views

Bringing two different hosts each in two different subnets into a same subnet [duplicate]

Physical Network: 11.11.10.0(mask:255.255.248) Subnet A 1 :11.11.10.0 IP A: 11.11.10.4 (mask:255.255.248 and 6 hosts) Subnet B 2 :11.11.10.8 IP B: 11.11.10.11(mask:255.255.248 and 6 hosts) Hi ...
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3answers
45 views

Wifi antenna to detect clients

I would like to know if it is technically possibile to detect and recognize a client (PC/smartphone) during its wifi scan. My goal is to get the list with identifiar like mac address or other unique ...
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2answers
63 views

Sending an ipv4 packet to the Destination IP without a router?

We are replacing a "RF modem + Router system" with a Software Defined Receiver. After analyzing the receiving and sent signals we found out that an IPv4 UDP packets have been sent and received. The ...
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1answer
51 views

Why does this setup fail sometimes with Juniper EX4200?

I've got a very straight forward setup with the following devices: 1 x 10G Fibre uplink (internet) 1 x ASUS AC68U wifi router 1 x EX4200 20 x Servers (With IPMI and single ethernet) The EX4200 is ...
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1answer
204 views

Sending TCP packet to the other device without connection

I think the sending packet to other device works like the following. 1. The server device listens with port. for example 80 2. The client connects to the server devices. for example, the port of ...