Questions tagged [router]

For questions about network routers, devices that forward data packets between computer networks, commonly at the network layer (layer 3) of the OSI model.

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Routers and Modem Source [closed]

Are there companies that make router and modems that are America or Sweden made that could give a client a little more peace of mind about who designed or where the traffic might leak to.
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Unmanaged switches keep breaking every month [closed]

I do have a massive problem with unmanaged switches that just stop working out of the blue. I'm on my 4th switch now (since june) and that one failed yesterday too. Here's my home network setup: All ...
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How does a packet know where its destination is? [duplicate]

When I connect to my friend's mobile Wi-Fi hotspot, we both have the same public IP address. Now, when I go to duck.com, how does DuckDuckGo know where to deliver the packets? I mean, I and my friend ...
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Need help with Extended ACL [closed]

So I have a network set up that needs to be secured, one of the requirements is allowing only HTTP/HTTPS to the web server and also allowing only ICMP/HTTP/HTTPS to access the internet (to reach the ...
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1answer
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Does a WiFi client vary the strength of the signal it emits? [closed]

I am using a metal container to dampen my WiFi router in the hope of reducing its radiation health risks. I'm wondering if the client device might increase its own emitted signal strength to ...
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1answer
43 views

can't ping the WAN IP of a router

I learned to use cisco packet tracer and found something confusing but actually this is not about the cisco packet tracer . I'm curious if this apply in real network as well. So i tried building this ...
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2answers
43 views

How does a border router work

Supposing, we have following pieces in a theoretical network architecture Network A: A low power IPV6 wireless network Some low power hosts: Low power devices which are connected to the above low ...
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1answer
2k views

How much RAM you actually need to keep whole global BGP routing table?

It seems that different sources claim very different RAM consumption for having whole BGP routing table information in RAM and having the router to correctly route the traffic. According to ...
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1answer
36 views

How can I set up two sub networks that can communicate by LAN but where only one has internet? [closed]

With only two routers, where one has a connection to the internet, is it possible to set up a second sub network that has no access to the internet, but where devices connected to either router can ...
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1answer
38 views

Does a router work both on Layer 2 and Layer 3? [duplicate]

According to TCP/IP model router works at Layer 3. But when data has to be transmitted to different network it is based on IP address but hop-to-hop transmission is based on MAC address. That means ...
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376 views

Why the two connected routers via PPP doesn't use ARP but ethernet use ARP?

I have read from @Ron Maupin's answer of this question that your two routers are connected via PPP (this is not uncommon), ARP will not be used , but if the two routers are connected via ethernet, ...
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352 views

In tunneling, how destination routers identify if a packet is encapsulated?

In tunneling, a packet gets encapsulated in the payload section of another packet. If the router at one end encapsulates the packet, then how the router at another end identifies whether the packet is ...
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Why does OSPF use flooding despite using multicast?

We know that flooding is only possible in layer2 switch. But in OSPF router in layer3 uses flooding with multicasting. Suppose we have one router in OSPF uses multicast address 225.0.0.9. If router ...
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How in Distance vector routing one router communicates adjacent router through broadcast address and OSPF uses unicast with another?

In distance vector routing algorithm one router can communicates(shared the routing table) with adjacent router by broadcasting message which are in same subnet. OSPF uses flooding to unicast message ...
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2answers
160 views

IOS Memory allocation error after ping

I have written a script in Tera Term for a Cisco IR809g which pings 3 different routers(IR 809g) in 2 different networks over the cellular interface. After +- 6 hours I'm getting a Memory allocation ...
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60 views

How does one determine what the default gateway should be in a multi-router setup?

Trying to set up a network with multiple routers, very similar to what's depicted in this diagram from the FreeBSD handbook: In particular, regarding this specific diagram, what should the default ...
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Why router can't be used for converting different model of network but gateway can do this?

We know that Router can't be used for converting different model (e.g OSI model to TCP/IP or TCP/IP model to OSI) of network. It isn't a multiprotocol converter. But gateway is a highly sophisticated ...
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Personal VPN sub-network accessible through Work VPN? [closed]

I currently access my work network via Cisco VPN. At work, I have my own three computers and NAS on a personal dedicated router using my own DHCP. For several reasons, I do not want these computers to ...
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1answer
73 views

why can a router make two PCs in different subnets access each other?

Case 1: PC A: 192.168.1.2 / 24, and it connects to LAN port1 of router A PC B: 192.168.2.3 / 24, and it connects to LAN port2 of router A Given above we know A and B can't talk to each other due to ...
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29 views

Cisco 2851 Static NAT Entry - Similar Static Entry Already Exists

Thank you in advance. I have a few 2851 Cisco ISR. This is my NAT Pool config; ip nat pool NAT-Pool 38.xxx.xxx.193 38.xxx.xxx.206 prefix-length 28 ip nat inside source list 1 pool NAT-Pool overload ...
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2answers
55 views

Can I backup config of an EdgeRouter Lite 3 to an EdgeRouter 4?

After having worked 6 years and 24/7, my EdgeRouter Lite 3 have definitely died. I want to replace it by a new EdgeRouter 4. Can I easily use my EdgeRouter Lite 3 backup files and import it to a new ...
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3answers
136 views

Router interface on same subnet

Could someone please explain why can't be have 2 interface on same subnet? Do router use network address to forward traffic?
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1answer
37 views

What's the procedure to limit a subnet on a Cisco router from seeing another subnet when both are using NAT?

I have a Cisco 891F router. The internet is hooked up to G8. The student network is Vlan 200, and the Office is Vlan 100. (I know the internet has an internal subnet (192.168.1.5), but that's because ...
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1answer
39 views

What exactly defines a WAN?

I've found this question but it doesn't seem to answer my question. What is the "technical" definition of LAN and WAN I know that a Wan consists of more LAN's together and MAN's and it's ...
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What really a point to point connection means? [duplicate]

I know that point to point connection is used to directly connect between two nodes without any intermediate. But if we take in our world the internet(WAN) , let's say I want to achieve a point to ...
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2answers
61 views

RSTP Separation

Topology: (Ring Network A)----[Router A]-------(Possibly Ring Network C)-------[Router B]----(Ring Network B) Goals I need Router A to always be the RSTP root bridge for Network A. I need Router B to ...
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WAN ip address looks like private ip, but whatsmyip shows a public ip address [closed]

Let me preface this by saying that I'm not very good with internet networking, but I tried my best to gather information. So I've been meaning to do some port forwarding to open a server, but I got ...
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1answer
59 views

Must the host IP be contained in Router's subnet?

The settings are: manually set my host IP: 10.0.1.6/24, gateway: 10.0.0.138/24 they both know each other's MAC (arp -a shows the list) and there is a direct physical connection between them. From the ...
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1answer
39 views

How to manage firmware

Switches and routers have some firmware (similar to BIOS (UEFI) on PC). It represents a "step" before the OS (maybe I'm wrong). Can we manage this firmware just like BIOS or UEFI on a PC? On ...
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2answers
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Brocade SX800 Management Problem

In my company we have a brocade sx800 backbone SW, it is not used for 4 years. Now we need it for new warehouse project.But we don't know what was the ip addresses and no info about this device. When ...
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49 views

Does router handles directed broadcast on same network?

I have started reading on Computer Networks recently(beginner), and have come across some of the doubts regarding how the broadcasting is handled by routers and switches. Assuming there are no ...
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1answer
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My laptop not comes on the network when connected to cisco 2951 routing port, so it does not ping [closed]

I have assigned 192.168.1.2/24 IP to laptop with 192.168.1.1 gateway. This gateway is actually the IP address of the Cisco 2951 router port. But my laptop doesn't come in the network that's why it ...
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52 views

SD-WAN os to IOS-XE

I am trying to convert currently running SD-WAN os to IOS-XE on ISR 1100. Can anyone know how to do that? I went through some of the CISCO documentation but could not find anything effective.
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No Voice commands on cisco router

I cannot find voice commands on my router, I have licenced it but no voice commands or sip are found Its on packet tracer. Cisco router 2911 Thank you
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1answer
40 views

Are routers doing NATP possibly run out of ports?

NATP helps each connection on the client device gain a "temporary identity" on the internet, by maintaining a one-to-one relationship between its local ip-port to a WAN ip-port. The binding ...
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1answer
62 views

Addresses in router's subinterfaces overlapping [duplicate]

I can't really understand why I'm getting overlapping addresses in subnets when they're between the allowed range. I have the network 192.168.1.0/24, and I have to create 3 subnets: A - 58 Hosts B - ...
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2answers
94 views

What does a router do with a packet if it can't find the destination IP address in its routing table?

If a router receives an ARP request in which the destination hardware address is a broadcast address, and if the destination IP address is an address that the router cannot find in its routing table. ...
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1answer
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Configuring routers in Packet Tracer - Simpler configuration

I am fairly new to packet tracer and know what I need to move forward with trying to figure out how to make something work in packet tracer. I have 2 PCs. Each one is connected to a router on each ...
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1answer
45 views

How does a device on one network connect to with a device on another network

So if i have two routers and each router has lets say 2-3 computer devices.I am connected to the 1st router. So if i want to connect from my device to a device on the 2nd router than I will send the ...
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3answers
744 views

Private IP address vs Local IP address

Say a router is connected to two devices. Now the router will give those two devices different private IP addresses. The router itself has a private IP address (which serves as the default gateway for ...
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1answer
350 views

Why routers change mac address of frames (and bridge not)?

I learned that router change mac address of packet with that one of its own outgoing interface, while this doesn't happen with bridges. I find it difficult to understand the logic under this ...
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1answer
74 views

Does a router have multiple DLLs inside?

I came across a practice question of true/false answer type . The statement is: "A router has single network layer that will interact with 2 Data link layers" . Ans:True (no explanation ...
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Can ping from VPC 1 to router and VPC2, but can't ping from switch to VPC2 or router

I have a simple, linear topology in GNS3 that goes like this. VPC1 > Switch > Router > VPC2 I have the default static IP Routes on the router set to 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Ethernet0/1 and Ethernet1/...
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1answer
33 views

How to stop automatic entry as privileged exec from console login?

I am configuring my Cisco router and trying to set up access levels. I was under the impression that level 0 was a very limited mode which almost only allows users to enter the enable command to enter ...
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5answers
127 views

How is an IP packet sent to the gateway?

This is some route command output sample: $ route -n Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric Ref Use Iface 0.0.0.0 192.168.240.1 0.0.0.0 ...
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2answers
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It is possible to have multiple webservers running on same port inside one network?

Lets say we have a network A with two webservers inside it, S1 and S2, both hosting a website on port 80. When a client from a different network is addressing A:80, which host inside network A, will ...
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1answer
88 views

Problems when configuring VLAN on Arista vEOS Router

I'm setting up a network on GNS3 with the end goal of configuring VxLAN. I routed 3 Arista vEOS router together and each of them has a host attached. With basic L3 routing, everything works. I need ...
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157 views

can LAN port have multiple IP addresses of same subnet mask or different subnet mask

Can the router's ethernet interface have multiple IP's of the same subnet or different subnet mask? If yes what's the use?
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2answers
61 views

Why does ARP request not use a router instead of broadcast?

Why in ARP request does the source computer broadcast a message with the destination IP address to find the MAC address of the destination computer? Why doesn't it send the message to the default gate ...
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1answer
45 views

Is this a good network configuration?

I am trying to configure ip sla for non directed link . I have configured static route to reach to non directed link 1 configured track 2 configured ip sla 3 configured access-list 4 configured NAT 5 ...

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