Questions tagged [router]

For questions about network routers, devices that forward data packets between computer networks, commonly at the network layer (layer 3) of the OSI model.

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Do NAT Gateways Need to be the First Address of the Network?

NAT gateways are often given the first usable address in an address space. Do any protocol specs require this? Or is this just a convention? I skimmed RFC 1918 and RFC 2663 but didn't see anything ...
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Slow internet throughput if servers are connected on 10G. But good when on 1G?

In our datacenter I'm having throughput issues if a server is connected on a 10G port on the switch. For debugging I already removed our router and asked our ISP for a small IP range that I can use ...
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HOW TO MAKE 2 IPS ON DIFFERENT SUBNET COMMUNICATE [closed]

I am kind of new to networking so pardon me if my question looks trivial. I am trying to make 2 LANs communicate. My infrastructure is simple, we have an ISP router => Fortinet 300E (which also ...
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Intermittent connection to KBVision recorder over repeater bridge [closed]

The wired connection to my KBVision recorder (192.168.1.150) died. Rewiring is a nightmare I am trying to avoid at the moment. So I decide to go with a repeater bridge setup. The main router is a ...
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VPN gateway behind default gateway - one-way ICMP unreachable [closed]

I set up a WireGuard VPN server "behind" an internet facing router. Said router additionally acts as the default gateway for all clients in this network. Please apologize my drawing skills: ...
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OSPF area or ABR impact on CPU and RAM consumption

I have two statments on OSPF, are they correct? 1- If I split a single area OSPF to an OSPF domain with area 0 and area 1, and there is just one ABR between area 0 and area 1, The load on CPU will ...
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ISR 4331 vs ISR 4331/K9?

We have cisco router. On its box/package ISR 4331/K9 is written. I am watching a youtube video at below link, its title has word ISR 4331 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bk-4jkb6Cwo&list=...
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Noob: i design a network for 156 computers/4 printers, need help in few things

Sorry if this stupid questions: I just learn networking like a week. Lets say company xyz have 39 computers and 1 printer in each floor, there are 4 floors, total amount of computers is 156computers ...
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1 answer
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Why does congestion happen

Imagine a network full of routers . The job of a router is to be able to receive multiple packets from multiple sources then send the packets 1 at a time in each of its outputs.If the routers are able ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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OSPF routes are not advertised

routers with ASBR2 connecting to AREA 0 and 10 and ASBR1 connecting to area 0 and 20, there's no entry of routes in R1's routing table, help me out R1#sh run Building configuration... Current ...
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RIP routes are not being advertised

I have 2 routers(R3 and R4 connected with serial links). I have advertised my loopbacks with RIP ver 2. with 192.168.1.1/32 and 192.168.2.1/32 on R3 and 192.168.3.1/32 and 192.168.4.1/32 on R4. My ...
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How router will send ARP resolve packet when it receive ARP request?

How router will send ARP resolve packet when it receive ARP request ?? Router by default enabled with proxy arp configuration?? If then proxy arp is not configured then what will happen if it receives ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Setting an OSPF router in one area that doesn't see other areas

Could an OSPF router be configured so that it can only see its own area LSAs and does not accept LSAs from other areas? (For example, if it is in area 2, its routing table just shows routes in area 2, ...
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Routing correctly mesh + gatewaty [closed]

I have a router modem DSL I have 2 Aimesh Asus AX XT8 For a reason the node can not talk with the router base over WIFI (long range). I than connected the lan on the modem(DSL ROUTER) to the NODE - ...
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What are the IP/MAC addresses of requests between 2 different subnets? [closed]

Assume that networks 172.15.10.0/24 and 172.15.11.0/24 are connected through a router with interfaces 172.15.10.254 (MAC3) and 172.15.11.253 (MAC4). If host A sends a packet through its network ...
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Public IPv4 Address and Default Gateway for my home router is owned by IANA? [duplicate]

In the web interface for my home wireless router I can see the following info: For the Public IPv4 Address I see: https://myip.ms/info/whois/10.206.55.182 and for the Default Gateway I see: https://...
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Is it possible to separate gateway function from router? [duplicate]

A gateway is an entry to another network, usually router device play the gateway function as well. Is it possible that router delegate the gateway function to a device in the LAN and make it to be ...
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Why does a router need 2 IP address? [duplicate]

Suppose there are 2 PC and 1 router in "LAN1", now if PC1 wants to communicate with PC2, it will need to uniquely identify PC2. So, PC2 gets a private IP that no other PC in LAN1 will have. ...
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2 answers
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If ICMP packet is lost then another ICMP could be generated?

Suppose there are two routers between Source and destination R1, R2 respectively. Suppose source sending packet to R1 and then R1 send to R2, but R2's buffer is full and discarded the packet and ...
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WAP configuration consistency

Simple question, are WAPs always configured from the default gateway's web interface? Do you ever have to go somewhere else?
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2 answers
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How PPPoE uses addressing to know destination Mac address?

Case.1 We know that when router connected via point to point(PPP) protocol then ARP isn't used to know the destination Mac address. Case.2 When two router connected via PPP as well as Ethernet which ...
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Can we still upgrade the firmware version of a 2900 router?

current version: Version 15.7(3)M5, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) seems i can't find any of the upgrades on the internet.
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1 vote
2 answers
64 views

Can networks with different netmasks overlap?

Let it be this diagram: Can I assign such networks at each segment without overlapping? In my understanding each network has a range of usable IPs and those ranges overlapps each other. For instance, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
66 views

Static route removes another static route

In the following diagram each Vyos router has RIP configure and R1 has NAT to allow hosts from 10.0.0.0/24 and 192.168.10.0/24 accessing the internet. The goal is to put the PCs comunicating with each ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What are the commands to configure static routes using next-hop IP addresses?

Given the network topology above and that X in all subnets should be replaced with 1. What are the commands to configure static routes using the next-hop IP addresses on r1 and r2, given that you are ...
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Configure NAT in Vyos Router

I have the following diagram, and I want that R2 and each client connected with R2 have access to the internet. For that I configured NAT in R1 with the following commands: #set nat source rule 10 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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When using link state routing algorithm, does each router have a map of the other routers?

I think when using dijsktra algorithm, each router's shortest-path tree can be different. And in link-state routing, all routers have the same topology of the total network. Therefore, does each ...
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Use mac filtering for router that filters all directly connected only [closed]

I have a network where the internet is provided by a main router of the building. Each flat in the building has a router. The devices in the flat including mobiles etc should connect to the flat ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Time taken to complete a routing table update and possible interruption

I am wondering if a routing/forwarding table update at a switching node (e.x., a switch or layer-3 router) can cause momentary packet drop or increased delay for a data stream that will traverse this ...
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Longest Prefix Matching

I just learnt about this concept and I have a query which was also asked by someone earlier but was grossly misinterpreted. Suppose my Router has Routes for Networks: 192.168.22.0/23 and 192.168.22.0/...
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Default admin deleted. Cant access CLI on Palo Alto but have access to GUI

I accidentally deleted the default admin for CLI on Palo Alto and now I can't log in. I have access to the GUI. I don't want to blow the image. Any ideas? What I have tried: I created a new superuser ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Can I set fragmented IPv4 packet's DF bit to '1'? [duplicate]

If make DF to 1, can I confirm that fragmented packet with DF=1 will go through routers to the dest IP without any reassembly and re-fragmentation?
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Which route does a cisco router prefer and why? [duplicate]

I have a small network i packet tracer whith some subnets. I connected the subnets with static routes. In one case I made two routes two the same subnets, but one is a serial connection. I wonder ...
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Connect a router to multiple router/subnet - Cisco Packet Tracer

I'm studying DNS Server. So I try this. Here is the flow when I request abc.com webpage from My PC. My PC (192.0.1.2) send DNS query to Router0. Router0 then forwarding to DNS Nameserver (10.0.0.2). ...
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0 votes
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How does a host use its default gateway? [duplicate]

Each host has its own default gateway and uses that to send packets outside of its network. But in each packet, there is only 1 header field for the destination IP address. So, how can that host send ...
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0 votes
2 answers
110 views

Sharing one VLAN with two routers each one will route different subnet

We are transitioning to new WAN connectivity. I have one VLAN (let's say ID 10). Currently there is one router R1 that has one private subnet and one public subnet on the VLAN 10 which goes through ...
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What is the goal of subnetting?

Im trying to understand what subnetting is and how it works, but im pretty confused. So, from my understanding subnetting is when you take a public ip address assigned to a network, and you can then ...
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1 answer
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Cisco Packet Tracer gives "Invalid IP Address" when I assign an address to a router [duplicate]

I was given an exercise where I have an IP address range and I have to configure multiple sub networks from that range. The address is 238.61.192.128 with the mask 255.255.255.128 (/25). I created my ...
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What is the difference between the LLC and MAC sublayers of the Data Link layer? [duplicate]

The function of the data link layer layer is to format packets into frames, and control transmission of frames between devices on a LAN. Im aware of its two subprotocols which are the Logical Link ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How can I use two WiFi routers with one cable to the ISP router?

Let me explain... There is the fiber optic ISP router on the first floor, connected to it via LAN cable is a switch, connected to the switch via LAN cable is a WiFi router on the 7th. I want to add ...
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2 answers
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Bridging two networks

Good days everyday. I am a newbie networking. I just have a question. The diagram above simplify my network setting. They are all in same location. Is there a way to connect from 192.168.0.XXX to 192....
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Can a router port forward based on a request header? (noob question) [closed]

I'm searching for a router that supports port forwarding based on the request header. e.g. www.domain1.com should forward to port 80 on IP 168.0.1.10 www.domain2.com should forward to port 80 on IP ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Pros and cons of directly interconnecting routers and firewalls vs via switch in an enterprise-network? [closed]

In a medium-sized enterprise network, let's say you have a pair of datacenter switches, a pair of distribution switches, a pair of internal core routers, a pair of firewalls, and a pair of edge ...
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Cisco 2960 and Cisco 871 - no connectivity on non-default vlans

Unable to get internet connectivity from non-default vlans. Suspect router config is not adequate Five vlans created on 2960 (10,20,30,40,50)and Gig port 0/1 set to trunk. Port f0 on router which is ...
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4 answers
146 views

How does DHCP work?

I'm carrying out an experiment to test the mechanism behind DHCP. In this topology, I disable the link between the switch and the router. However, the computer still request IP address successfully. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
51 views

Will 2 redundant Routers configured with HSRP consume 3 IP Adresses in each Subnet?

The Problem occured while studying for my exams Problem: I have to design a Network for a Company. The given IP Adress Space is 192.168.1.0/24 which has to be divided into 4 Subnets. These Subnets ...
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9 votes
5 answers
854 views

Different Behaviour of a Router

There are 2 cases that I would like to point out: When the router is directly connected with 2 PCs like this, In this case, PC2 is able to ping PC3. I just configured the IP address of PC2 and PC3 ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
44 views

Apply Interface Default Gateway to Entire Device

I feel there may be a very simple term for what I trying to do, but I'm not sure what it is, and it is difficult to search for it in concise words. The shortest description I can come up with: "I ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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How can someone connect to my computer even through port forwarding?

If I set port forwarding up on my router to redirect connections on port, say, 50000 to my computer, how can someone connect to my router in the first place ? Does that mean that my router has a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
175 views

Why use subnet mask /30 for the internet port of the edge router? [closed]

In the following network, why should we pick the subnet mask /30 for the internet port of Edge Router 1? Since the wireless access point Edge Router 1 needs to connect to 3 hosts in LAN 1, a subnet ...
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