Questions tagged [router]

For questions about network routers, devices that forward data packets between computer networks, commonly at the network layer (layer 3) of the OSI model.

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62 views

How to check the route table on a neighboring router?

I have a router in a network, which use to show list of routes in the route table. Using the command- show ip eigrp topology I see some of the routes are removed after sometime, which were advertised ...
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1answer
52 views

Packet analyze on router does not match client and server

thank you for your time. My (virtual) network has 3 objects : a client, a server and a router between them. I'm sniffing the traffic on the 3 machine with the command tcpdump -i any -s 0 -w [path] ...
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1answer
79 views

Is 1111::/64 a valid IPv6 address?

As per the rules for shortening IPV6 address given in https://networklessons.com/ipv6/shortening-ipv6-addresses, this IPV6 address is invalid. But still this address gets accepted when configuring a ...
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2answers
74 views

Does Network segmentation work using different switches connecting to router?

I just learnt basic networking. If I have 2 departments which I do not want them to access each other's networks, does using two layer 2 switches connecting to the router does the job or do I need a ...
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2answers
300 views

Cisco ASA and a Router?

I'm trying to understand networking and when looking at the different routers, firewalls and switches, I came across Cisco ASA which many use for firewall and routing abilities, so if you use an ASA ...
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1answer
252 views

LAN to WAN IPv4 address mapped to LAN server through NAT Rules or other

I need to set a rule that allows me to connect BOTH from OUTSIDE the LAN (from the "internet" to the Internal server at IPv4 address 10.64.0.50 via port 22, by running ssh://1.2.3.4 -p 22; AND From ...
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3answers
229 views

packet filtering using bridge vs router

I have a question about the bridge vs router packet filtering using firewalls. I know the basics of the router and bridge and on which layers they work. I just wanna know that on bridge how does ...
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2answers
233 views

How does aggregate routes behave in BGP?

If a router received two BGP updates for the same prefix and both these updates are aggregate paths how do the router decide which one to take? Let us say that it needs to decide based on AS Path ...
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43 views

CISCO Packet Tracer

Does Cisco Packet Tracer support config memory and config network command? If no, then do enterprise routers still support it?
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1answer
289 views

How does NAT ensure that every machine has a unique public IP?

I am trying to understand the distinction between public and private IP addresses in IPv4 networking. The picture I've been told has some problems with it, so I would like to present it here and ask ...
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2answers
108 views

How BGP guarantees same route for a forwarded packet?

In BGP all routers choose the best route to a single destination. So for Router A and destination D, A will forward the packet to the next-hop router (let us say router R) after knowing the best route ...
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1answer
44 views

How does a router settings page work? [closed]

When we enter the routers address 192.168.x.x into our browser we get a page containing the setting for the router. How does this page work ? Is the page stored in the router ?
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1answer
55 views

Question On Route Aggregation [duplicate]

Suppose I have these 3 IP Prefixes : 190.154.27.0/26 190.154.27.64/26 190.154.27.192/26 and I want find the aggregate prefix. I convert each address to its' binary equivalent: 10111110....
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1answer
14 views

Parameter Map vs IP SLA

What is the difference between parameter map and ip sla? In both we can specify that if threshold of something is crossed then a log is generated and based on that some action can be taken. Has one ...
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2answers
522 views

How does a router route traffic on a LAN, in detail?

Electrical engineer here trying to understand things. So I guess this might be simple or very complex, but how exactly does a router route traffic between say 2 PCs that are on a LAN? eg. PC-1 and PC-...
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1answer
27 views

Strict source routing using my own scattered PCs/ routers

I would like to completely control my network transportation by defining the packages path. According to this I can't do it unless I have control over all the PCs/ routers in its way. Suppose, I can ...
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2answers
60 views

Why do we need EIGRP AS numbers when we have EIGRP RID?

I understand that the EIGRP routers need to have the same AS number to peer with each other. But why can't we just use EIGRP Router ID?
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5k views

how to factory reset ASR 1001-X

So I was setting up/testing this router. While using auto-secure during the auto-configuration. {Router#setup...} Once I get through auto setup and reloaded. I was not able to login. I did some ...
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1answer
122 views

Why doesn't traffic go through router on LAN? [duplicate]

So I thought that when two devices are connected to a router, and if they wanted to communicate with each other, then all the traffic will go through the router(AP). I tried running a traceroute and ...
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1answer
41 views

Is there a way to determine my network transportation to specific path?

How can I determine my network transportation to specific path. I would like to determine that my data packages will go through specific routers.
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1answer
65 views

How do VLANs Work? Some Basic Questions: [closed]

I've recently started looking into VLANs. I am a network novice so bear with me please:). I have a few questions regarding VLANs. I understand that certain managed switches allow you to create VLANs. ...
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2answers
130 views

Why are there so many more dual-band (2.4 & 5 GHz) Wi-Fi APs than single-band, 5GHz-only ones?

Why are so many more dual band (802.11n 2.4GHz & 802.11ac 5 GHz) APs than single-band, 5GHz-only ones? Is this for backwards compatibility?
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1answer
90 views

Does every router in public network knows all the other public interconnected networks in the world?

I am reading this article https://www.practicalnetworking.net/series/packet-traveling/host-to-host-through-a-router/ , trying to learn how a packet is delivered between different networks. It says: ...
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1answer
139 views

Hide SSID to block probe requests from clients

According to this Answer clients are sending probe requests to discover wifi networks. If I hide the SSID the AP wouldn't need to handle these probe requests and therefore the workload would be lower....
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3answers
137 views

Does a router send its own mac address or the mac address of the user?

When a request is made, does the router send its own mac address or the mac address of its user? Does it send the mac address at all? My specific case is the following: I am getting a 4g sim card to ...
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2answers
299 views

Can a router route 2 switches with multiple vlans and subnets

Good afternoon/evening, Today on my Cisco Packet Tracer, I made two layer 2 switches and 2 PCs on each switch. I created a vlan 10 on the switches. I trunked the switches together so they can see ...
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2answers
4k views

What's the DF flag mean in IP packet header?

In the IP package, there is DF flag: Don't Fragment. I have doubt about it, is it mean let all the L3 device do not to fragment the IP packet (if the L3 device found it is bigger than MTU, device ...
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1answer
38 views

Modern routers: number of NICs, ports and mac addresses

I read that NICs in modern routers are responsible handling of multiple ports. Is it true to say that every port has a different MAC and IP address, and thus a NIC might have multiple different MAC ...
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3answers
255 views

Using 2 different ISP In case one dies

It's my first ever post in here and I hope not the last. I'm looking for some advice. I'm trying to reduce my internet downtime for a local network. My setup. Mix and match computer environment (...
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1answer
88 views

Router RIPv2 displaying subnets not directly connected

Is there a way to show subnets on "Show IP route" that aren't directly connected, but are a hop or 2 away? Is this with Router RIPv2 "redistribute" or is there another way? Thanks
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1answer
218 views

Upgrading Cisco 819 to 809, can I connect devices to 2 routed ports and be on same subnet?

The company I work for has multiple remote "IoT" style sites connected back to the datacenter via a Cisco 819 cellular router. We are in the process of upgrading these to the newer Cisco IR809 routers ...
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2answers
937 views

Router on a stick not connecting 2 different VLANs

I have a setup which requires two different VLANs to be able to ping one another. I have a setup with 2 - layer 2 switches and a router that has defined sub-interfaces, and for the life of me, I ...
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2answers
131 views

If you're behind a firewall and all the ports are blocked, how is your browser able to access the internet? [closed]

I'm behind a router and I'm able to run game servers on my home computer after forwarding ports or using the DMZ feature on the router. However, I still don't understand the underlying technology as ...
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1answer
664 views

Reasons for buying ASN for organisation that are located at single place

I see here that even some organisation/universities have bought ASN which are located at single location. What benefit they will get by buying ASN ? Is it compulsory to buy ASN if I have to buy some ...
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1answer
110 views

802.1ad (QinQ) and router

I am a little bit confused. Is router aware of VLAN tag? What happen when tagged frame comes to router? (without any extra setting like encapsulation) Or what happen when QinQ frame comes to router? ...
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1answer
59 views

What is benefit of allocating ASN to edge routers and not Ip addresses

What is benefit of allocating ASN to edge routers and not Ip addresses ? I mean we could have given these edge routers unique public ip addresses too ?
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1answer
147 views

I need help in creating OSPF between MultiLayerSwitch and Routers in packet tracer

I know we cannot create OSPF with different subnets. What network addresses should I put in the MLS and R1 to make it adjacent? Here's the configuration for MLS: interface FastEthernet0/15 no ...
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3answers
514 views

Why ip nat {in,out}side?

Although I understand how NAT is configured on Cisco, a broader question came up about the why behind it. When configuring e.g. NAT overload, you specify a few items: An access list ... ip access-...
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1answer
405 views

Cisco SMB Switch Configuration for VOICE VLAN and DATA

I am hoping to get some assistance with a current issue I am facing at the moment... I have 3 Cisco SMB Switches, (2) SG300 Managed Switches and (1) Unmanaged Switch. SWSG1 | 172.16.1.100 | Port 24 ...
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0answers
226 views

Cisco 1841 stuck on boot?

I found an old Cisco 1841 router and decided to boot it up to play with it a little. Everything seemed to be going ok but I guess something interrupted the boot. Last line is %SYS-6-...
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1answer
103 views

What is a meaning of Load balancing Hash

What does Load balancing Hash mean in CEF? Which commands are use to configure? Is it support to other vendors except Cisco? If it is not support other vendors? do they have any similar concept? Which ...
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1answer
7k views

What's the difference between DHCP Disabled or Relay on an access point?

I am trying to turn my old router to an access point for the new router, I assigned an IP address in the range of the new one and when I went to disable DHCP there was another option which is Relay ...
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1answer
81 views

why doesn't WireShark show any traffic from invalid certificate https site? [closed]

i have tried mobile apps like HttpCanary and pc programs like wireshark still got nothing from the site !!
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1answer
321 views

Is OSPF router ID unique per area?

I found online that the router ID must be unique within the OSPF domain. But what exactly is an OSPF domain (an area?). Let's take the following topology: Can R1 and R5 have the same router ID, as ...
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2answers
6k views

What is the purpose of a switch routed port?

From my Cisco CCNA documentation: Routed ports are used for point-to-point links. Connecting WAN routers and security devices are examples of the use of routed ports. In a switched network, ...
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2answers
213 views

Regarding Administrative Distance

Different vendors use different Administrative distance for the same protocol.For example, in a Cisco router, the eBGP, AD value is 20, whereas in Arista routers, it appears different(i believe, 200). ...
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1answer
389 views

How to use IXIA IxNetwork 8.40 to send bi-directional traffic between CPE and router

My setup is: IXIA -- CPE -- router -- IXIA I have one end of the IXIA connected to CPE, and getting private IP (DHCP from CPE). Other end is connected to router side and has public IP. Traffic ...
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3answers
1k views

Does anycast addressing add additional latency in any way?

Does anycast addressing, in itself, add any additional latency to network connections? Specifically, if you had two servers located in the same data center that had extremely similar routes/number of ...
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6answers
1k views

Is a "LAN" a layer 2 or a layer 3 concept, in TCP/IP?

I think my question is purely theoretical and a matter of definitions; it derives from the fact that a L2-switch with VLAN capabilities is able to "create" different virtual LANs, and thus I am led to ...
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1answer
78 views

SNMP object not in the MIB

i'm working on an SNMP app that needs the ptopo MIB object with the object ID of 1.3.6.1.2.1.79 after enabling SNMP v3 on 2 layer 3 switches dell z9100-on brocade slx 9140 and creating a view on ...

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