Questions tagged [routing]

For questions about routing, the process of selecting to which network path traffic is sent. Consider using a more specific tag if your question is about a routing protocol like BGP or OSPF.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What exactly is Default Route? [closed]

I understand that setting Default Gateway is necessary if you want to send packet to a device that is not in your network, but let's say i want to ping www.google.com, what is the next destination ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

EIGRP advertising of routes for other networks behind us

Continuing my expedition in to trying to learn EIGRP and other routing techniques in GNS3, I now have another theoretical network, depicted below: Everything in the red area is a mystery. We do not ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

What is the need for the NEXT HOP coloumn in the routing table when we already mention the OUTGOING INTERFACE in another coloumn?

If the OUTGOING INTERFACE is already mentioned in the routing table, it is natural that the next hop will necessarily be the router attached to the outgoing interface. Then why is there a separate ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Azure VPN P2S connectivity back to on premise failing [closed]

I have following network topology: On-premise network: 192.168.15.0/24 Server: 192.168.15.7 Router: 192.168.15.1 Azure VNET: 10.0.0.0/16 Subnets: default 10.0.0.0/24, Gateway subnet 10.0.255.0/27 ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Routing between two sites using FTTC Broadband and E-Band Wireless

I have two sites, both with 80/20 FTTC broadband connections that terminate at the standard white box BT modem. The connections both have fixed IP. I’d like to connect these up to each other and form ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How can i make every network on this topology speak together?

i'm working on this topology for so long and i didn't manage to make every network speak together with different VLAN on each network. On this topology: When i trace a packet sent from PC3 to PC4, ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

%Cannot create sub-interface

I'm trying to connect 4 networks with 1 router, i created 2 sub-interfaces in the router, when i tried to create the 3rd sub-interface i got this output "%Cannot create sub-interface", this ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Trunking multiple VLANs into a single trunk port on a 3650 Switch

Morning: I'm new to the world of Cisco Packet tracer, and I am creating a network for a uni project. So far, what I have is: 5 VLANs (subnetted to 192.168.2.0/26, 192.168.3.0/36 etc) All are ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Router and layer 3 switches RIP

Ok so newb question: If I connect the layer 3 switches in each building together, which also link to the internal router, does RIP need to be configured on the layer 3 switches and the router, or just ...
0
votes
3answers
41 views

Site-to-site IPSec tunnel over Load balancer

I'm having a following topology Could this be archived? I've configured this network, but routing between the two VLAN-s are not working. Using Ubiquity Edge X routers. Could this be archived with ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

EVPN/VxLAN border-leaf question

I have couple of question in above design where i have typical clos network design and my leafs are configured for Cisco vPC for redendency and anycast gateway and running OSPF for underlay and BGP ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

What are the differences between injecting the default route to IGP using a static route or using a generated route?

Let's say, that I have a following network topology: isp_router[t1-0/0/0.0] <-> [t1-0/0/0.0]ospf_asbr I want to generate a default route for IGP in ospf_asbr router. One option would be a ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

VPN Traffic Routing on Ubiquiti/Vyatta

I'm using Ubiquiti to route certain outgoing ip-ranges through a VPN. I would however like to route all HTTP/HTTPS traffic via the VPN except large downloads. I realize that this is a tall order, but ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Why does the Layer 3 switch drop the ping packet?

I am trying to ping from PC2 (not PC1, there's typo in the picture) to the router's int g0/0, but the packet is dropped at the L3 switch which is along the path. I have tried setting a default static ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Two Datacenter location with same BGP AS number

Currently we have DC-1 running eBGP with my ISP using AS:1111 and i have prefix 1.1.1.0/24 and using BGP Default route because we have only single ISP. Now we are opening new Datacenter in remote ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Possible typo in Tanenbaum's book about NAPT

From what I have understood from multiple sources (web and other books) about the concept of NAPT (also called NAT overload or IP masquerading in Linux environment), if there is a scenario like the ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

IPV6 static Routing

I'm new to networking and I'm currently learning about IPv6 in static routing. I set up an environment in Cisco Packet Tracer like this: have connected two routers with serial medium , each router ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Caching packets inside the network [closed]

Problem: Let's say I have a network with 10 users or more, all of them want to watch the same video or surf the same web page. Goal I'm looking for a way to cache the incoming packets inside ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Ping over WAN to LAN (and from server to hosts)

I have a network similar to the one shown at the picture below. The main aim is to get connectivity between antivirus server (10.100.10.9) and hosts placed behind their LAN-gateway (network 10.200.1....
0
votes
0answers
22 views

router not learning the default route announced by RIPv2 if the same route exists via a better path

Let's say, that one has a following simple network topology: r1 ◄ ► r3 ▲ ▲ ▼ ▼ r2 ◄ ► r4 All four routers speak RIPv2 on all interfaces. r1 and r2 announce the default route which means ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What happens if the localhost does not interpret 127.0.0.1 as the loopback address?

For the sake of the example, assume gateway to be 10.0.0.1 and host A (my machine) to be 10.0.0.2. If gateway (10.0.0.1) is running a service bound to a port on localhost only, the service should be ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

BGP influence outbound traffic based on prefix

I have two router core1 and core2 connected with ISP router border1 and border2 using eBGP peer and i have 5 public subnect (/24). My ISP sending me default route instead of full BGP table. Question:...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Advertising your prefix out of another ASN

We own a few blocks of IP addresses. At several distinct sites we currently advertise our own prefixes on our routers to our upstream transit provider. We are not anycasting. One /24 is originated ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Can people with an ISP access your network if it is on the Default Free Zone?

Let's say you have a router on the DFZ (despite costing an absurd ammount of money). Would your network work the same as if you have an ISP in terms of web hosting, etc? Can people still access your ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

difference between Local Internet Breakout and regional internet breakout? [duplicate]

I searched over the internet but could not find the answer so i want any one of you to help me out in this. i don't know whats the difference between both of the terms and which is more preferable or ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

filling routing table with next hop addresses

in a multi hop network when the packet leaves the source is it loaded with all the ips of the stops on its journey, then at each hop it checks the bitmask with the nodes routing table to see if this ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Vlan vs. Subnet Broadcast Domain

It is my understanding that Vlans separate broadcast domains, but I often see people say, "subnets define a broadcast domain" as well. Is it correct to say, "Vlans define a L2 broadcast domain, and ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

In PIM Sparse Mode, can the Rendezvous Point be the first or last hop router?

In tutorials and configuration examples, usually, the Rendezvous Point is described as the central registry to match multicast senders with receivers. FHRs and LHRs send PIM messages to the RP to be ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Best way to make a network failsafe?

I have a Debian based machine with 2 completely different network interfaces from 2 different ISPs acting as a backup for my server connection. These have two different IPs (Let's say IP1 and ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

How can I tell which prefixes are being advertised?

Forgive me if this is a dumb question but I'm relatively new to the carrier networking world. We own a block of IP addresses, say a /18 and we advertise various /20s, /24s, /23s, etc all over the ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

rpd random path selection does not work in Juniper vMX

I read a Junos documentation which said that: In case of equal-cost paths for the same destination, the routing protocol daemon(rpd) randomly selects one of the available paths to balance load, while ...
0
votes
3answers
48 views

Are there any alternative devices to routers?

I am not talking about the router used at home to access Internet . I am talking about devices used in the network core. I want to know if there are alternative devices, if any, used for forwarding ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

What is route leaking?

I tried googling, but didn't find a good article explaining this. What roughly i understand it, advertising route from one vrf table to other. What type of routes (static, connected, dynamic routes) ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

BGP Route Reflector

In the following configuration, INTERNAL1 and INTERNAL4 are RR and INTERNAL2 and INTERNAL3 are clients. I am not able to see the routes 20.1.1.0 and 10.1.1.0 on INTERNAL3 and 30.1.1.0 and 40.1.1.0 on ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Who owns the in between routers displayed when I execute a traceroute command?

When i traceroute a website, i get the IPs of all the routers in the path between me and the website. Who owns all those routers? Are they organized in a particular kind of building?
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Is it possible for a routing loop to form using ADOV (Ad Hoc on Demand Distance Vector Routing) if there is a corruption in the sequence number?

I know that the sequence number prevents routing loops and I roughly understand how it functions. However, say there is a corruption in one of the nodes in its sequence number for a particular route. ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

How are packets ( received from the server ) sent to the host from the gateway ( which is present in the host network )?

If the host is receiving packets from a server, these packets have a destination IP address of the host and it is first received by the gateway present in the host network. Now the gateway checks the ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Fat-Tree topology

Fat tree network topology looks like a tree topology like below figure. In tree topology, we have same terminologies like Root, parent, child etc. This is mainly used to connect a large number of ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How can I assign a static public ip to a machine behind a router?

I know about port-forwarding, but I'm interested in how to make a machine on a local network available to the public internet without port-forwarding.
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Routing Problem [closed]

I have an Ubiquiti Edgerouter X that is receiving the internet over PPPoe from a Modem. The router is configured to have network 192.168.1.0/24 and provide DHCP to devices. Plugged into one of the ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

What is the effect of having too many bridges / routers between 2 devices?

I am building a network, with each node connected to each other using fiber media converters. They are actually a bridge with 2 ports: one Ethernet and one optical (or one single-mode and one multi-...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

eBGP failover without packet drops

I have core1 and core2 router peer with same ISP but distinct hardware and they are sending us default route. currently all in/out traffic going over to core1 and core2 is idle (standby), I have iBGP ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Vlan Routing with ESXI and L3 Cisco Switch

Please, i need your help. I have read all the posts from the internet, but i don't know what is wrong. i want to ping from PC10 (portgroup in Vlan 10 with ip 1.1.10.200, GW 1.1.10.2) to the int vlan ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Determine the range of IP's avaliable for hosts on a subnet /28 [duplicate]

I am looking into my Virtual Switch configuration( Hyper-V ) and i am confused how the range of valid IP's is determined. The IP for configured for the "Virtual Switch" adapter is: IP: 192.168.53.65 ...
2
votes
2answers
205 views

transferring IPv4 /32 to another datacenter

We are planning to migrate one set of IPv4 /32 series owned by us, from one dedicated server provider to another provider. Is it necessary to have permission to release the IP series from previous ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

How can I use 1 static public IP address for multiple private networks in totally different physcical locations?

So, I know that DNS is important in the running of CDN services. DNS allows the routing client traffic to the physically nearest CDN server. Question is, how can I do the same thing without any DNS ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

After routers within an AS have their routing tables sorted, how router A make sure the packets from it take the most efficient route to router Z?

Question in the title. I know a bit about IGP. My understanding is that these protocols only ensure every router in an AS knows about other routers within the AS. So, the scenario, correct me if I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Comparing ETX with PRR with retransmissions

Expected number of transmissions (ETX) and packet reception ratio (PRR) are two routing metrics that exist. Based on my understanding, the packet reception ratio reflects the link quality. If you ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it possible to specify a route for a packet to take?

So, AFAIK, packets "hop" between routers. Packets are forwarded via a router's default path until it gets to destination IP. So is it possible to specify a specific set of routers this packet "hops" ...
1
vote
2answers
932 views

How can a server from US connect to a tier 1 ISP?

According to this graph : here is a full size version The facebook AS32934 server in the US is direcly connected to DE-CIX in germany. How can that be possible ? Is there fibers over the ocean ?

1
2 3 4 5
37