Questions tagged [routing]

For questions about routing, the process of selecting to which network path traffic is sent. Consider using a more specific tag if your question is about a routing protocol like BGP or OSPF.

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1answer
156 views

Is this a valid OSPF topology?

In the following topology: every Backbone router is an ABR. Router 2 belongs to three different areas, area 0, area 1, and area 4. is this a valid topology for OSPF ? it works as expected and it ...
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2answers
83 views

Correctly Setting up DHCP for Intervlan Routing

I am currently building a network and would like my two switches connected to my router to automatically assign ip addresses through DHCP pools to my PC's and devices. I have 4 separate VLans being ...
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1answer
57 views

EIGRP Adjacency Table

From Cisco IP Routing by Alex Zinin According to this figure Adjacency Table gets messages from DUAL module also.As far as I know, Adjacency Table is populated only because of Hello packets exchanged ...
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Separate devices need different internet connections, but still talk to each other at the same time [closed]

So this is a weird situation... I live in the mountains where there is little to no internet options. There is cell phone service, and I have satellite via Hughesnet to the house. Part of the problem ...
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2answers
63 views

Routing Protocols and sharing information

I am running multiple Protocols on different Routers as so: R1-RIPv2 EIGRP OSPF R2-OSPF and RIPv2 R3-RIPv2 and EIGRP R4-EIGRP and OSPF This is not a practical exercise, it is just to explore how ...
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3answers
55 views

What kinds of organizations use routing protocols (aside from ISPs)?

I don't understand why would an organization aside from an ISP even use routing protocols. Let's say there is a big company with 5000 employees, and they want to have a network throughout their ...
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0answers
19 views

Dual WAN with each ISP in a VRF - Cisco IOS

I have a DMVPN spoke router setup almost identically to the spoke configuration listed here (Also quoted below): https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/security-vpn/dynamic-multi-point-vpn-dmvpn/...
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2answers
46 views

Cisco BDI not Forwarding L2 Traffic?

I'm new to interface bridging, and I have an ISR4431 running 03.16.04b.S on which I need to bridge between two interfaces for two hosts: One interface is connecting directly to a host, the other to a ...
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4answers
13k views

What is a “routable” IP? [closed]

Short bg: I wanted to host a website on my laptop (192.168.0.102) via apache server. I set up port 8080 and forwarded the port that I was able to access it via 192.168.0.102:8080. Then there was a ...
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3answers
6k views

How does a router learn about networks that can be reached from its interfaces?

I was studying, and I got stuck in trying to find out the best way to answer this question: explain how a router learns about networks that can be reached from its interfaces and how it routes ...
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3answers
157 views

Testing Secondary Static Route

I am in the middle of migrating to a new IP scheme. From 192.168.10.x/23 to 10.6.x.x/19. Our ISP handles layer 3 and we statically route from our L2/L3 Cisco 3750G switch stack to their L3 device. ...
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0answers
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How to redistribute BGP routes learned from AWS in one VR into another BGP running in another VR in Palo Alto firewall?

I have about 1000+ prefixes I am learning from AWS on Palo Alto through a BGP. This is on the secondary VR. Main VR is where my core routing is situated along with another BGP instance pointing to ...
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3answers
3k views

Juniper EX how to clear route forwarding table?

After layer 3 routing a large IPv6 assignment on an EX Juniper switch, the route forwarding table filled up and some entries corrupted or became otherwise invalid. We want to clear the whole table. ...
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2answers
27 views

Ping responses to the Gateway

Last week, I have experienced a strange scenario with Adtran NV3448(a router) and an ISP circuit. Adtran is a similar company like Cisco, also makes networking equipment such as Router, switches, etc. ...
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1answer
21 views

Access IPSec site from another IPSec site

Our company delivers, installs and maintains custom build hardware at customer sites. In all cases the delivered setup contains at least 1 server and 2 network devices. To keep the control over the ...
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3answers
108 views

Active\Passive Routers w\ BGP

What I'm trying to do is take two routers, "A" and "B" where 'A' is the primary router. Just like with active\passive firewalls and HSRP I want to "float" the default gateway between either Router A ...
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1answer
28 views

Make eBGP and iBGP equal in Juniper MX204

Apologize for the dumb question, I come from the server world. Our network admin is on holiday and I'm filling in. For the sake of simplicity, we have a fairly symmetric traffic pattern, what goes up ...
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8answers
7k views

Why are IP addresses given to each interface and not device? What would the implications of that be?

Why do we need to give IP addresses to each interface? Wouldn't giving one to each device be enough?
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2answers
30 views

How does ISP service cancellation work? [closed]

I'm learning about networks, and so far the more I know how computers and routers are connected, the more doubts I have. I understand I'm plugged via ADSL to my ISP's routers and servers, however, I'm ...
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1answer
179 views

EIGRP Holding Time Expire on VLAN Interfaces

I configure 2 Layer 3 Switches with VLANs and EIGRP route. But it always return a message like this : %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP 2019: Neighbor 192.168.20.253 (Vlan20) is down: holding time expired ...
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3answers
302 views

Routing between completely separate private networks

I’ve got a request from a partner vendor in a completely separate routing domain to directly route a /24 rfc1918 network on my rfc1918 internal network. The proposed solution has their handoff ...
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0answers
13 views

OSPF Router ID election query [duplicate]

I have a query regarding ospf router id election. Suppose I have a router with 3 connected interfaces. 10.1.1.0/24 11.1.1.0/24 12.1.1.0/24 I have enabled ospf area 0 on network 10.1.1.0 and 11.1.1....
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1answer
74 views

Issue w/ Cisco router and failed NAT and static default route

I have a cisco router that is using a VRF to support a site to site VPN tunnel. I have added a second network to the router for non-VPN standard internet use. My problem is that my default static ...
0
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1answer
44 views

What's the point of aggregate routes when the default preference is reject?

studying for my JNCIS-SP and finally digging into the minutiae. I'm trying to grasp the default behavior of aggregate/summary routes. Why are these a reject? Maybe I'm just using them wrong, but here'...
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1answer
15 views

answer packages rejected between mangle/prerouting and nat/prerouting

I am currently configuring a ubiquity edgerouter for our network. We have one uplink port (eth2) and two internal ports (eth0; with vlan 1) and eth3 (with vlans 2,3 and 4). uplink and vlan 1 have ...
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1answer
45 views

Routing failed after define static route on core switch

Current connection path: 10.40.20.0/24 desktop <-> access switch <-> core switch <-> 10.30.15.33 NAT firewall for internet access Objective: adding additional path as following to ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Simple VyOs Static Routing on GNS3

Sorry for the beginner question. I'm trying to simply set up static routing on this GNS3 topology. Specifically, I want Sam to be able to ping Jack. I've assigned all of the VPCS machines ip's, and ...
4
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2answers
137 views

How are different phone/GSM operators connected with each other?

This might be a noob question, but I am having trouble finding an answer to it. Let’s say I am a new GSM operator. How would I go about connecting my network and my subscribers to the rest of the ...
2
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2answers
85 views

How does a router decide what route to forward a packet when routes come from different routing protocols?

I'm a little confused. I know how the best route makes it to the routing table, but what process does the router follow to choose a path to forward a packet if, for example, you have something like ...
4
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4answers
961 views

How to tell if an ASN belongs to a hosting company/ISP or to a “regular” organization?

Is it possible to programmatically tell whether an ASN belongs to a hosting company/ISP or to an "ordinary" organization? I know it's possible to look up the whois and check the org-name ...
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1answer
28 views

Heading off to college - need help engineering a way around campus ethernet restrictions [closed]

This is all a bit outside my area of expertise, and to be honest, i'm not even sure its possible. My roomate and I both have raspberry pis scraping data in fixed intervals that need to operate over ...
3
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2answers
95 views

Working in packet tracer, can I configure two routing protocols

I am working on network lab designing topology. I am able to configured two routing protocols which surprised me. I configured RIP and OSPF routing protocols in layer3 switch and advertised same ...
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0answers
21 views

Cisco: NAT overload does not work on Serial point to point interface /32 address on Cellular modem

I have a LTE modem installed in a Cisco 1921 that is able to connect to the carrier network and ping out sucessfully from the router, however NAT hosts are not able to connect to the internet. There ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Destination NAT on Cisco ISR

I know how to perform regular overload PAT in my lab running sh ver Cisco IOS XE Software, Version 16.03.09 Cisco IOS Software [Denali], ISR Software (X86_64_LINUX_IOSD-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 16.3.9, ...
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3answers
6k views

BGP - Soft Reset Outbound & Verification

My understanding of the command: clear ip bgp * soft out is that the router on which the command is issued will re-advertise everything it knows about BGP to it's neighbors. As I see it, it's as if ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Routing between two sites using FTTC Broadband and E-Band Wireless

I have two sites, both with 80/20 FTTC broadband connections that terminate at the standard white box BT modem. The connections both have fixed IP. I’d like to connect these up to each other and form ...
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0answers
49 views

Cisco ASA 5506: Adding two public IP's that are on the same subnet for the primary and backup interface

Im programming a Cisco ASA 5506. I need to add a primary (public) IP that is x.x.x.82/24 and a backup IP that is x.x.x.81/24. The ASA wont allow me to do this as it gives me an error: "the IP ...
0
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2answers
65 views

BGP influence outbound traffic based on prefix

I have two router core1 and core2 connected with ISP router border1 and border2 using eBGP peer and i have 5 public subnect (/24). My ISP sending me default route instead of full BGP table. Question:...
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2answers
47 views

How do I enable communication between hosts on two Intranets with different routing protocols

Having completed the Networking Essentials Course from Cisco Networking Academy, I've been practicing on Packet Tracer until I came across this scenario. Supposing we have two intranets, A and B. ...
0
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1answer
290 views

JUNIPER EX-2200-C Layer 3 Switch Configuration

I am setting up attempting to simulate a small infrastructure of Clients and Servers. Current Setup 1x. Dell Inspiron Tower Running ESXI 6.5 1x. HP Z800 Workstation Running ESXI 6.5 1x. Juniper ...
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0answers
29 views

Issue with PIM-SSM Multicast Configuration ISR4431s

I have an issue with my PIM-SSM multicast configuration using ISR4431s.    I am wanting to forward broadcast data from an application from one VLAN in on the multicast source to another VLAN on a ...
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0answers
13 views

How does IP fragments assembled when identification number field is too small?

Please take reference from this question. It is said in RFC 6864 that if IP V4 IDs remain unique during MDL, it would limit speed to max 6.4Mbps. Now high speed devices generate data at a much higher ...
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1answer
53 views

%Cannot create sub-interface

I'm trying to connect 4 networks with 1 router, i created 2 sub-interfaces in the router, when i tried to create the 3rd sub-interface i got this output "%Cannot create sub-interface", this ...
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2answers
93 views

Cisco router on a stick with public ip wan (ISP)gateway

I am trying to create a router on a stick with an outside facing sub-interface with a public IP from an ISP. I have tried to configure NAT and routing but I just cant get to ping the internet. I'm ...
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0answers
26 views

why SLA Track 8 isn't applicable to my ISR Router

On a Cisco ISR 4451 I configure SLA Function as follow: track 8 ip sla 1 reachability ip sla 1 icmp-echo 10.1.1.81 source-ip 10.1.1.80 ip sla schedule 1 life forever start-time now And then I want ...
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0answers
29 views

Flapping MAC address issue on the uplink routed port

The scenario is like, in my VLAN 30 network, randomly one device stops communicating and when I check the Cisco L3 Stack switch, it shows the following error messages: Jul 27 13:59:55: %SW_MATM-4-...
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1answer
73 views

OSPF route advertising same subnet in same area 0?

Now: SW02 currently running OSPF area 0 with redistribute connected subnets which includes VLAN10 with another router/switches which isn't in the picture and not in the scope of this question; VLAN10 ...
8
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3answers
25k views

Policy routing configuration in Fortigate

I have an scenario where a Fortigate firewall is used to separate internal networks from the Internet (FortiOS Version 4.0 MR3 patch 11). Right now there is a single Internet connection attached to ...
6
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1answer
68 views

NX-OS 9.3: ECMP polarization and “ip load-sharing … rotate”

This is a "why and how exactly does this work" question. The given problem is already solved. QUESTION: I'm interested to understand what "rotate" in ip load-sharing address source-...
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2answers
97 views

Router and switches routing protocol configuration

If I connect switches in each building together, which also link a router, does a routing protocols need to be configured on the switches and the router, or just the router?

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