Questions tagged [routing]

For questions about routing, the process of selecting to which network path traffic is sent. Consider using a more specific tag if your question is about a routing protocol like BGP or OSPF.

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27 views

Juniper EX Switch as router with transfer network for upstream network

So im new at juniper and networking. On my Juniper EX4550 switch i want to setup a transfer network to my upstream provider. So my upstream provider assigned a /30 subnet for the transfer network: ...
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Juniper SRX 340 route lookup failed

I've a strange issue on my Juniper; I've a policy to allow all traffic to a specific address behind it and, in effect, the policy works correctly. All the traffic I send reach the destination, except ...
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2answers
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How does DHCP work?

I'm carrying out an experiment to test the mechanism behind DHCP. In this topology, I disable the link between the switch and the router. However, the computer still request IP address successfully. ...
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1answer
1k views

How to Run Static IP Through Comcast Business Class Modem to Router?

I apologize in advance for this kind of nebulous question, but I'm very stuck after many hours of trying and I need help. Here's what I have: Newest model of the Comcast Business Class Modem/Router ...
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1answer
610 views

JUNIPER EX-2200-C Layer 3 Switch Configuration

I am setting up attempting to simulate a small infrastructure of Clients and Servers. Current Setup 1x. Dell Inspiron Tower Running ESXI 6.5 1x. HP Z800 Workstation Running ESXI 6.5 1x. Juniper ...
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Full and incomplete physical path [closed]

I have come across the term full and incomplete physical path several times in the context of whether a logical path is spanned by a full/incomplete physical path. I would like to understand and learn ...
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1answer
38 views

Will 2 redundant Routers configured with HSRP consume 3 IP Adresses in each Subnet?

The Problem occured while studying for my exams Problem: I have to design a Network for a Company. The given IP Adress Space is 192.168.1.0/24 which has to be divided into 4 Subnets. These Subnets ...
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2answers
555 views

Cisco 2960 not receiving dhcp from the router

I have a problem with Dhcp of some the Vlans. here is how my network is : I have a router ASR1001, which connects 15 switches(2960) as a ring topology. each switch has a subinterface of the router ...
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2answers
482 views

Why do eBGP neighbors need to be physically connected to each other

In Halabi - Chapter 6 it states that, "External BGP neighbors have a restriction in that they must be physically connected, adjacent to one another." There are tuning knobs that lets us override this ...
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1answer
156 views

How can I configure a Cisco router 4300 to allow internal server ip:80 to be accessed on public ip:4500

I have an internal web server on port 80. I need help commands maybe to configure port forwarding to access the server on my private network from a public IP Current running config interface ...
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2answers
232 views

Cisco router on a stick with public ip wan (ISP)gateway

I am trying to create a router on a stick with an outside facing sub-interface with a public IP from an ISP. I have tried to configure NAT and routing but I just cant get to ping the internet. I'm ...
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1answer
762 views

%Cannot create sub-interface

I'm trying to connect 4 networks with 1 router, i created 2 sub-interfaces in the router, when i tried to create the 3rd sub-interface i got this output "%Cannot create sub-interface", this ...
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1answer
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Destination NAT on Cisco ISR

I know how to perform regular overload PAT in my lab running sh ver Cisco IOS XE Software, Version 16.03.09 Cisco IOS Software [Denali], ISR Software (X86_64_LINUX_IOSD-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 16.3.9, ...
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PowerConnect 5500 Series VLAN routing problem

My issue is very similar to this link: Dell PowerConnect 5524 VLAN routing I have several VLANs But most importantly VLAN 1 is the flat 192.168.69.0/24 VLAN 10 is 192.168.0.0/16 VLAN 110 is 10.1.10.0/...
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Logs on my Cisco ASA show the public gateway (ISP router) is pinging the internal network, how? [closed]

Im (remotely) working with an issue where the network has intermittent drops. i suspect possible routing loop, but havent confirmed that yet. In the logs of our Cisco ASA 5506, i see that the public ...
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2answers
59 views

IPv6 link-local address

Can somebody explain why we can assign link-local address FE80::1 to both interfaces? What does it give to me ? R1(config)# interface g0/0 R1(config-if)# ipv6 address fe80::1 link-local R1(config-if)# ...
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3answers
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Routing traffic within the subnet - How to decide CIDR range?

I am following this tutorial to configure multiple subnets and firewall: https://networkfirewall.workshop.aws/setup/distributedmodel.html This tutorial shows how to filter traffic through the ...
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1answer
369 views

Where is the traffic going?

Here is a routing puzzle: I'm working on a poorly documented network, and I'm trying to document things as I discover them. R1 is a core L3 switch. R2 is a router. The FW is a, well, firewall. On ...
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2answers
395 views

IGP between 2 routers with an uncooperative router in the middle

I've got two routers, A and B. A gets some routes over BGP over a VPN connection, and has a leg on 10.0.0.0/24. It also can access the whole 10.0.0.0/16 via its default gateway. B is on 192.168.0.0/...
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1answer
63 views

Configure AAA on a router - Extended ACLs

How do I write a named extended ACL which will allow for traffic between a DNS from a LAN (IP address) to a DNS server at (IP address), ping from a host PC (IP address) to any destination and allow ...
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3answers
43 views

One Missed Point in Data Link Layer Concept?

I see one Course Lecture as follows: I trouble in understanding "source address for the next node’s reply", What is the meaning of next node's reply?
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1answer
70 views

Colocation Rack Networking

I'm a sysadmin tasked with finding a managed service provider or networking contractor to build out our new colo space networking. I'm hoping to get some input to make sure I don't sound like an idiot ...
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1answer
924 views

Fortigate and ipv6 routing

I have a Fortigate router and my ISP support ipv6. I'm getting a public ipv6 on the Fortigate and also on the computers on the lan (2a02:a18:9041....) I have not to much understanding of ipv6, but by ...
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1answer
44 views

In gnss3, why can't I ping my cisco router from my VM?

I have the following network, I have never configured a Cisco router before so I'm having a little trouble. In router R1 I used the following commands to assign an ip to the router: configure terminal ...
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5answers
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Why use iBGP inside an Autonomous System, if IGP protocols fulfill the need for internal communication

Can anyone explain why we need iBGP for the routes when we have the IGP protocols (OSPF, RIP) for internal communication within the AS? I have read a lot of articles and books, but I could not find ...
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3answers
227 views

Why does OSPF use flooding despite using multicast?

We know that flooding is only possible in layer2 switch. But in OSPF router in layer3 uses flooding with multicasting. Suppose we have one router in OSPF uses multicast address 225.0.0.9. If router ...
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3answers
28k views

How IP helper address works?

How IP helper address works and what is the difference between dhcp and IP helper-address .please explain in brief.
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1answer
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I cant Ping from lan 192.168.44.0 and 192.168.45.0 , pc 3 pc 4

R0 and R1 are linked with ospf , and R1 with static route with MLSw. If i change R1 conn with MlSw to #ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 g0/1 or g0/2 i can ping , but need help with static route conf ...
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46 views

How does a border router work

Supposing, we have following pieces in a theoretical network architecture Network A: A low power IPV6 wireless network Some low power hosts: Low power devices which are connected to the above low ...
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2answers
53 views

IRDP protocol nowadays

I'm considering to remove rdisc tool from iputils project (see https://github.com/iputils/iputils/issues/363). This tool implements ICMP Internet Router Discovery Protocol (IRDP). Is IRDP really ...
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3answers
138 views

How does OSPF work on point-to-point Ethernet interface (i.e, 2 routers connected by a cable)

OSPF RFC describes two different modes of operation of OSPF for (1) point-to-point and (2) broadcast networks (and others). The operation on (2) involves selecting designated router and backup ...
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1answer
2k views

Sonicwall TZ105 Site to Site VPN Created can ping gateways but can't ping network from other site

Need help here Site B TZ105 x0 Lan 192.168.162.1 X1 WAN 64.x.x.x X2 LAN 10.0.3.1 Site A TZ300 X0 LAN 10.0.1.1 X1 WAN 69.x.x.x VPN tunnel set up as VPN SITE TO SITE and is Green From Site A I ...
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1answer
2k views

How much RAM you actually need to keep whole global BGP routing table?

It seems that different sources claim very different RAM consumption for having whole BGP routing table information in RAM and having the router to correctly route the traffic. According to ...
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3answers
668 views

static route distance value fail over

Config: ip route 172.27.8.17/32 172.24.0.141 ip route 172.27.8.17/32 172.24.0.102 2 Result: show ip route 172.27.8.17 Routing entry for 172.27.8.17/32 Known via "static", distance 2, metric 0 ...
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4answers
97 views

Why isn’t there routing inside subnets?

As far as I know, inside subnets, there is no such thing as routing. How are IP-packets « routed » inside a subnet, and does this circumstance has an influence on how subnets are set up? Thank you in ...
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3answers
420 views

If router operate at network layer, how does router change data-link header and trailer between data-link header and trailer between LAN and WAN?

Refer to figure 6-9, the CCNA Official Cert Guide 200-301 Volume 1 illustrates that, to send a frame through WAN, router R1 changes frame header and trailer. However, as router operate at network ...
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0answers
31 views

Route-map to manipulate metric in EIGRP

I have following Setup R1 --- R2 --- R3 --- R4 --- R5 The same network is being advertised from R1 and R5. There is some difference in delay between the two paths R1-R2 and R4-R5. So the route from R1 ...
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1answer
94 views

How do internet backbones (and their terminations) work? [closed]

If I establish a TCP connection between a web browser in an Australian household laptop, and a web server in a US data centre, what chain of physical hardware will the signal be sent through? For ...
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2answers
14k views

Local pref VS prepend AS-path for two eBGP router

I have two routers, AS50 and AS100, both are under my control. Since they are using different ASN, they should be eBGP routers. These two routers are connected by internet VPN and lease line, which ...
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2answers
83 views

How in Distance vector routing one router communicates adjacent router through broadcast address and OSPF uses unicast with another?

In distance vector routing algorithm one router can communicates(shared the routing table) with adjacent router by broadcasting message which are in same subnet. OSPF uses flooding to unicast message ...
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3answers
67 views

If person A has a network 123.123.123 and person B has a network 123.123, what happens if they both assign an IP to a device of 123.123.123.123?

This is something I'm confused about...if person A and B have networks with different subnet masks, then what prevents them from assigning an end IP that is identical? It makes me think I'm ...
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2answers
77 views

Switch with VLAN: How to map between VLANs networks

Assume the following network layout +--------+ ----------------------------------------| Switch |----------------- | ------------------------+-----...
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1answer
124 views

How to block telnet access for one particular network from all networks except one using Extended ACL

Scenerio is given in the picture. I want to block all the networks except 192.168.5.128/25 from doing telnet of 192.168.5.0/25.
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1answer
30 views

osfp route filtering directly connected route

I am using Cisco 2960XR switch 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected on gi1/0/1 192.168.97.0/24 is directly connected on gi1/0/7 router ospf 10 network 192.168.1.0 network 192.168.97.0 q1) how do i ...
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61 views

why can't my PCs ping each other?

Consider the following network I can ping just fine from PC0 to PC1 and PC2 to PC3, but I can't ping from PC2 to PC1 or PC3 to PC0. Why? I'll share the configuration from the router: Building ...
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3answers
7k views

Force use of gateway for communication on same subnet

I currently have a set of four virtual hosts on a private network, with a fifth host running pfSense to act as the gateway. When communicating with hosts outside of the private network, all traffic ...
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1answer
40 views

Does a router that only has one connection to a switch with four connection have three interfaces in total?

Let us say that we have a router in a network. This router is in turn connected to only one network switch. Does it mean that this router has one interface or not only one but also the connections ...
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1answer
61 views

Why I can't ping my switch Vlan99?

In the following network, I have configured every device but somehow I can't ping my Customer-PC and Technical-PC to PasirGudang-SW and Segamat-SW. The PCs can ping the other ip address just fine ...
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3answers
3k views

Juniper EX how to clear route forwarding table?

After layer 3 routing a large IPv6 assignment on an EX Juniper switch, the route forwarding table filled up and some entries corrupted or became otherwise invalid. We want to clear the whole table. ...
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0answers
45 views

Cisco IOS XE DHCP Starlink - Static route issue

Today i connected the Starlink dish to an Cisco ISO-XE Box (ISR1111) as a secondary wan link and noticed some strange behavior. I installed a static host-Route to an VPN Tunnel endpoint via ip route x....

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