Questions tagged [routing]

For questions about routing, the process of selecting to which network path traffic is sent. Consider using a more specific tag if your question is about a routing protocol like BGP or OSPF.

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Cisco ASA 5506: Adding two public IP's that are on the same subnet for the primary and backup interface

Im programming a Cisco ASA 5506. I need to add a primary (public) IP that is x.x.x.82/24 and a backup IP that is x.x.x.81/24. The ASA wont allow me to do this as it gives me an error: "the IP ...
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71 views

Working in packet tracer, can I configure two routing protocols

I am working on network lab designing topology. I am able to configured two routing protocols which surprised me. I configured RIP and OSPF routing protocols in layer3 switch and advertised same ...
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Issue with PIM-SSM Multicast Configuration ISR4431s

I have an issue with my PIM-SSM multicast configuration using ISR4431s.    I am wanting to forward broadcast data from an application from one VLAN in on the multicast source to another VLAN on a ...
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How does IP fragments assembled when identification number field is too small?

Please take reference from this question. It is said in RFC 6864 that if IP V4 IDs remain unique during MDL, it would limit speed to max 6.4Mbps. Now high speed devices generate data at a much higher ...
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How do I enable communication between hosts on two Intranets with different routing protocols

Having completed the Networking Essentials Course from Cisco Networking Academy, I've been practicing on Packet Tracer until I came across this scenario. Supposing we have two intranets, A and B. ...
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How to configure a router connected to a powerline? [closed]

I need to configure the settings of an auxiliary router connected to the main router (the one with internet connection) via powerline. If I access the settings page of the auxiliary router (in my case,...
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How to add routes in following topology? [closed]

I have 3 linux systems and they all running on Ubuntu 16. I wanted to ping from H1 to H3 for both ip address 10.1.100.30 and 10.1.200.30(Please refer topology). What are ip routes (any static or ...
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why SLA Track 8 isn't applicable to my ISR Router

On a Cisco ISR 4451 I configure SLA Function as follow: track 8 ip sla 1 reachability ip sla 1 icmp-echo 10.1.1.81 source-ip 10.1.1.80 ip sla schedule 1 life forever start-time now And then I want ...
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Where do I apply Access List in this scenario [closed]

[![Network topology-Intranet and internet** Please refer to the attached image for easier comprehension. My intention is for all the devices in the intranet to not be able to communicate with the ...
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Flapping MAC address issue on the uplink routed port

The scenario is like, in my VLAN 30 network, randomly one device stops communicating and when I check the Cisco L3 Stack switch, it shows the following error messages: Jul 27 13:59:55: %SW_MATM-4-...
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56 views

OSPF route advertising same subnet in same area 0?

Now: SW02 currently running OSPF area 0 with redistribute connected subnets which includes VLAN10 with another router/switches which isn't in the picture and not in the scope of this question; VLAN10 ...
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NX-OS 9.3: ECMP polarization and “ip load-sharing … rotate”

This is a "why and how exactly does this work" question. The given problem is already solved. QUESTION: I'm interested to understand what "rotate" in ip load-sharing address source-...
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What's the point of aggregate routes when the default preference is reject?

studying for my JNCIS-SP and finally digging into the minutiae. I'm trying to grasp the default behavior of aggregate/summary routes. Why are these a reject? Maybe I'm just using them wrong, but here'...
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Some mobile clients are unable to connect to UniFi AP mysteriously

We have two UniFi Controllers, one contains the main internet its directly connected to the fibre and then we give internet to the second controller using LAN connection, internet works fine in main ...
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1answer
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routing a network with 2 interfaces and vpns [closed]

I'm pretty inexperienced in network but here is the idea of what i want to do: I have 2 interfaces: Interface #1 = fast internet Interface #2 = stable internet with static ip address this is the ...
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22 views

Real world IP routing on the Internet [duplicate]

I used to think the Internet looks like a tree, with some extra edges for redundancy. And that the subnets are getting shorter and shorter as you go up towards the backbones, the roots of the "...
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60 views

BFD issue with BGP support on Cisco 9396PX

I have following BGP configuration and trying to reduce my convergence time with help of BFD but having hard time. router bgp 1111 log-neighbor-changes address-family ipv4 unicast network 22....
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EIGRP advertising of routes for other networks behind us

Continuing my expedition in to trying to learn EIGRP and other routing techniques in GNS3, I now have another theoretical network, depicted below: Everything in the red area is a mystery. We do not ...
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What is the need for the NEXT HOP coloumn in the routing table when we already mention the OUTGOING INTERFACE in another coloumn?

If the OUTGOING INTERFACE is already mentioned in the routing table, it is natural that the next hop will necessarily be the router attached to the outgoing interface. Then why is there a separate ...
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Routing between two sites using FTTC Broadband and E-Band Wireless

I have two sites, both with 80/20 FTTC broadband connections that terminate at the standard white box BT modem. The connections both have fixed IP. I’d like to connect these up to each other and form ...
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50 views

How can i make every network on this topology speak together?

i'm working on this topology for so long and i didn't manage to make every network speak together with different VLAN on each network. On this topology: When i trace a packet sent from PC3 to PC4, ...
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37 views

%Cannot create sub-interface

I'm trying to connect 4 networks with 1 router, i created 2 sub-interfaces in the router, when i tried to create the 3rd sub-interface i got this output "%Cannot create sub-interface", this ...
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1answer
56 views

Trunking multiple VLANs into a single trunk port on a 3650 Switch

Morning: I'm new to the world of Cisco Packet tracer, and I am creating a network for a uni project. So far, what I have is: 5 VLANs (subnetted to 192.168.2.0/26, 192.168.3.0/36 etc) All are ...
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90 views

Router and switches routing protocol configuration

If I connect switches in each building together, which also link a router, does a routing protocols need to be configured on the switches and the router, or just the router?
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Site-to-site IPSec tunnel over Load balancer

I'm having a following topology Could this be archived? I've configured this network, but routing between the two VLAN-s are not working. Using Ubiquity Edge X routers. Could this be archived with ...
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EVPN/VxLAN border-leaf question

I have couple of question in above design where i have typical clos network design and my leafs are configured for Cisco vPC for redendency and anycast gateway and running OSPF for underlay and BGP ...
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47 views

What are the differences between injecting the default route to IGP using a static route or using a generated route?

Let's say, that I have a following network topology: isp_router[t1-0/0/0.0] <-> [t1-0/0/0.0]ospf_asbr I want to generate a default route for IGP in ospf_asbr router. One option would be a ...
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25 views

VPN Traffic Routing on Ubiquiti/Vyatta

I'm using Ubiquiti to route certain outgoing ip-ranges through a VPN. I would however like to route all HTTP/HTTPS traffic via the VPN except large downloads. I realize that this is a tall order, but ...
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1answer
54 views

Why does the Layer 3 switch drop the ping packet?

I am trying to ping from PC2 (not PC1, there's typo in the picture) to the router's int g0/0, but the packet is dropped at the L3 switch which is along the path. I have tried setting a default static ...
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1answer
58 views

Two Datacenter location with same BGP AS number

Currently we have DC-1 running eBGP with my ISP using AS:1111 and i have prefix 1.1.1.0/24 and using BGP Default route because we have only single ISP. Now we are opening new Datacenter in remote ...
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53 views

Possible typo in Tanenbaum's book about NAPT

From what I have understood from multiple sources (web and other books) about the concept of NAPT (also called NAT overload or IP masquerading in Linux environment), if there is a scenario like the ...
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54 views

IPV6 static Routing

I'm new to networking and I'm currently learning about IPv6 in static routing. I set up an environment in Cisco Packet Tracer like this: have connected two routers with serial medium , each router ...
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1answer
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Caching packets inside the network [closed]

Problem: Let's say I have a network with 10 users or more, all of them want to watch the same video or surf the same web page. Goal I'm looking for a way to cache the incoming packets inside ...
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Ping over WAN to LAN (and from server to hosts)

I have a network similar to the one shown at the picture below. The main aim is to get connectivity between antivirus server (10.100.10.9) and hosts placed behind their LAN-gateway (network 10.200.1....
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router not learning the default route announced by RIPv2 if the same route exists via a better path

Let's say, that one has a following simple network topology: r1 ◄ ► r3 ▲ ▲ ▼ ▼ r2 ◄ ► r4 All four routers speak RIPv2 on all interfaces. r1 and r2 announce the default route which means ...
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1answer
69 views

What happens if the localhost does not interpret 127.0.0.1 as the loopback address?

For the sake of the example, assume gateway to be 10.0.0.1 and host A (my machine) to be 10.0.0.2. If gateway (10.0.0.1) is running a service bound to a port on localhost only, the service should be ...
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53 views

BGP influence outbound traffic based on prefix

I have two router core1 and core2 connected with ISP router border1 and border2 using eBGP peer and i have 5 public subnect (/24). My ISP sending me default route instead of full BGP table. Question:...
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Advertising your prefix out of another ASN

We own a few blocks of IP addresses. At several distinct sites we currently advertise our own prefixes on our routers to our upstream transit provider. We are not anycasting. One /24 is originated ...
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1answer
43 views

Can people with an ISP access your network if it is on the Default Free Zone?

Let's say you have a router on the DFZ (despite costing an absurd ammount of money). Would your network work the same as if you have an ISP in terms of web hosting, etc? Can people still access your ...
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difference between Local Internet Breakout and regional internet breakout? [duplicate]

I searched over the internet but could not find the answer so i want any one of you to help me out in this. i don't know whats the difference between both of the terms and which is more preferable or ...
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1answer
30 views

filling routing table with next hop addresses

in a multi hop network when the packet leaves the source is it loaded with all the ips of the stops on its journey, then at each hop it checks the bitmask with the nodes routing table to see if this ...
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2answers
69 views

Vlan vs. Subnet Broadcast Domain

It is my understanding that Vlans separate broadcast domains, but I often see people say, "subnets define a broadcast domain" as well. Is it correct to say, "Vlans define a L2 broadcast domain, and ...
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1answer
46 views

In PIM Sparse Mode, can the Rendezvous Point be the first or last hop router?

In tutorials and configuration examples, usually, the Rendezvous Point is described as the central registry to match multicast senders with receivers. FHRs and LHRs send PIM messages to the RP to be ...
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45 views

Best way to make a network failsafe?

I have a Debian based machine with 2 completely different network interfaces from 2 different ISPs acting as a backup for my server connection. These have two different IPs (Let's say IP1 and ...
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38 views

How can I tell which prefixes are being advertised?

Forgive me if this is a dumb question but I'm relatively new to the carrier networking world. We own a block of IP addresses, say a /18 and we advertise various /20s, /24s, /23s, etc all over the ...
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2answers
46 views

rpd random path selection does not work in Juniper vMX

I read a Junos documentation which said that: In case of equal-cost paths for the same destination, the routing protocol daemon(rpd) randomly selects one of the available paths to balance load, while ...
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3answers
50 views

Are there any alternative devices to routers?

I am not talking about the router used at home to access Internet . I am talking about devices used in the network core. I want to know if there are alternative devices, if any, used for forwarding ...
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1answer
27 views

What is route leaking?

I tried googling, but didn't find a good article explaining this. What roughly i understand it, advertising route from one vrf table to other. What type of routes (static, connected, dynamic routes) ...
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1answer
58 views

BGP Route Reflector

In the following configuration, INTERNAL1 and INTERNAL4 are RR and INTERNAL2 and INTERNAL3 are clients. I am not able to see the routes 20.1.1.0 and 10.1.1.0 on INTERNAL3 and 30.1.1.0 and 40.1.1.0 on ...
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32 views

Who owns the in between routers displayed when I execute a traceroute command?

When i traceroute a website, i get the IPs of all the routers in the path between me and the website. Who owns all those routers? Are they organized in a particular kind of building?

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