Questions tagged [routing]

For questions about routing, the process of selecting to which network path traffic is sent. Consider using a more specific tag if your question is about a routing protocol like BGP or OSPF.

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Valid routes iBGP advertisements

Routers announce to their iBGP peers, the Best routes for each networks it has in its database Is it possible, to announce additionally to the Best route, also all the Valid routes to the iBGP peers ?
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Static routing with multiple networks/nodes

Here's the network topology: Here's the routing table of the R10: My routing table is right? I just want to make sure I understand the static routing and how it works if one or more nodes fail. ...
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Does RIP v1 store next hop in its routing tables?

Does RIP v1 routing protocol store "next hop" field in its routing tables despite not announcing it in the updates? And if yes, how does it do that, simply by storing the address of the node ...
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I cant ping across Lan?

Current configuration : 2695 bytes ! version 15.1 no service timestamps log datetime msec no service timestamps debug datetime msec service password-encryption ! hostname ...
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iBGP Question reagrding Distribute - List from EIGRP

So, I have the following topology. A-B | | C-D A-B-C-D are Routers. It doesn't matter what are the IP's of the interfaces. What matters is that I have 2 loopbacks for each router. 1.1.1.1 and 11.11....
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Understanding BGP communities

Lets take this basic topology: RTR A ---- RTR B Routers A and B have an eBGP connection. At router B we can have a route map saying: match: community-list xyz action: permit/deny etc Questions: How ...
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Using a single device as both a media converter and switch

So I have an Aruba 2530 switch with a couple of SFP slots, an incoming fiber connection and a modem that only has RJ45. There's limited space and I want to use as little boxes as possible. Is there ...
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2answers
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Is It possible to make Router On A Stick with two physical interfaces in the router?

If we try to implement router on a stick (ROAS) for try interVLAN communication, we must to use one Phisical interfase and split it into several "logicals" interfaces. Until Now all right. ...
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1answer
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I can't ping the gateway IP (fe80::1) from the internal port in my fortigate 60f firewall

I am using a fortigate 60f firewall. I have configured it for both ipv4 and ipv6. I have used the SD wan (by adding wan1 and wan2) for load-balancing. Moreover, I have configure a default static route ...
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63 views

Why does ARP request not use a router instead of broadcast?

Why in ARP request does the source computer broadcast a message with the destination IP address to find the MAC address of the destination computer? Why doesn't it send the message to the default gate ...
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I cant Ping from lan 192.168.44.0 and 192.168.45.0 , pc 3 pc 4

R0 and R1 are linked with ospf , and R1 with static route with MLSw. If i change R1 conn with MlSw to #ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 g0/1 or g0/2 i can ping , but need help with static route conf ...
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In Routing Tables how does the Interface affect the gateway Gateway?

I'm Looking at this routing table from netstat -r. How does the interface relate to the Gateway? the first entry has gateway 192.168.1.1 which is the gateway to the router. the Interface says 192.168....
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ping shows different outputs

Both VLANS are working, and pings from R1 to R0 and vice versa also work successfully. But when I ping from the pink PCs to the blue PCs I get destination unreachable, and when I send pings from the ...
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Unknown cause of disappearing CAM table entry and unicast flooding

Posting this in response to the closed question: Network flooding without ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff (layer 2 broadcast) MAC address in destination? I have a network that is experiencing the following problem: ...
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Communication between subnets on Sonicwall firewall

I have a Sonicwall TZ-350. X0 is the default LAN with IP 192.168.10.1, and X1 is the WAN. I've set up a second local subnet on X2 with IP 192.168.20.1 for a single NAS device (no switch; the device is ...
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How does RIRs actually ensure IP ranges ownership

I'm currently learning about CIDR, subnets and IPv4 classes. I understood that IPv4 classes were used to route traffic in the beginning but nowadays we use "dynamic" subnet masks with the ...
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1answer
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Network flooding without ff-ff-ff-ff-ff-ff (layer 2 broadcast) MAC address in destination? [closed]

It appears that a switch is sending the same traffic to all ports in a VLAN: In a Wireshark capture on host 192.168.0.10 with MAC aaaa.aaaa.aaaa I see packets with MAC destination bbbb.bbbb.bbbb and ...
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InterVLAN routing on Cisco router with multiple trunks [duplicate]

I recently came across a scenario where I wanted to (ab)use a Cisco router (ISR 4331) as a layer 3 switch. The router is directly connected to two switches. The connection between each switch and the ...
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If router recieves the source IP 0.0.0.0 then it will forward it or drop it?

If hacker change the source IP to 0.0.0.0 and checksum is same as previous, then what will be the router do when it recieve this packet???
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1answer
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Unable to ping switch

Why can't i ping S1 from PC-B, but it's possible to ping PC-A? S1#show running-config Building configuration... Current configuration : 1638 bytes ! version 16.3.2 no service timestamps log datetime ...
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1answer
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What does it mean when default route is to a network address?

The default route as configured in a Cisco router is as shown below: Gateway of last resort is 103.0.0.0 to network 0.0.0.0 What I have came across so far is that the gateway of last resort is ...
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1answer
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Why I can't ping my switch Vlan99?

In the following network, I have configured every device but somehow I can't ping my Customer-PC and Technical-PC to PasirGudang-SW and Segamat-SW. The PCs can ping the other ip address just fine ...
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4answers
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If router is a layer 3 device how can it have an application interface (GUI)?

It is said that layer 3 devices such as routers do not have an application layer. But whenever I want to configure my home router I punch in the IP address and open up its graphical user interface. ...
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BGP route advertised but cannot Ping

I have this rather basic setup with 3 routers running BGP, each has Loopback int configured. Is there an extra step required for R2 to ping R4 Loopback interface despite it's being advertised? R2#sh ...
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3answers
63 views

BGP-OSPF route injection doesn't work

Background: BGP is fully functional and works as expected so nothing need to worry about, the problem is the route injection between HK_Office <> HK2 and LON1 <> LON_Office, as you could ...
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DATA & VOICE VLAN ROUTING BETWEEN 2 ROUTERS [closed]

Good Afternoon All- I would appreciate a little help with a current issue I am facing... I can ping all Network Segments, all Routers, all Switches, and all Servers on the network. PROBLEM IS: I CAN'T ...
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3answers
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If router operate at network layer, how does router change data-link header and trailer between data-link header and trailer between LAN and WAN?

Refer to figure 6-9, the CCNA Official Cert Guide 200-301 Volume 1 illustrates that, to send a frame through WAN, router R1 changes frame header and trailer. However, as router operate at network ...
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1answer
53 views

What is difference between Route object and AS-SET object in RIRs?

In what case,we need to create AS-SET objects in RIRs. If i have to advertise a prefix from different ASNs in different region,do I need to create as-set object?
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Is packet transfer still possible, if the routers don't have the updated link cost information in the Bellman-Ford Algorithm?

In the Bellman-Ford Algorithm, the principle of "Good news travels fast but bad news travels slow" is implemented. So if the cost of the link between two routers is increased, then the ...
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2answers
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Concurrent site-to-site VPN tunnels through dual ISPs (with 2 couples of Cisco ASA) between same devices

I currently have a simple site-to-site VPN setup, connecting machines from site 1 to site 2 through 1 ISP, using a set of ASA 5506X. All is good. I'd like to "double" that setup for ...
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2answers
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Why are ISPs arranged in hierarchies?

ISPs are organised in a hierarchy where the Tier 3 ISPs are connected to Tier 2, and Tier 2 ISPs are connected to Tier 1 ISPs. Why are they organised in a hierarchy? Is it because if all devices were ...
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1answer
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Why does GRE tunnel has lesser TxBS/RxBS than its physical interface?

Given for instance, interface Tunnel200 tunnel destination 110.153.1.1 There's a static route for 110.153.1.1, pointing to physical interface Gi0/0. Gi0/0 is only used for tunnel200. Under show ...
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1answer
222 views

How do I apply an access list on a switch?

I'm configuring a very small network on packet tracer 8.0 and I have a single 2960-24TT switch which is connected to 2 PCs and 1 router. Everything is on the 24.17.2.0/24 network and I added a VLAN. I ...
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1answer
214 views

How to connect to different VLANs through VPN

I have the following setup: I have setup a Layer 3 Switch with multiple VLANs Multiple devices are connected to it on different VLANs via untagged access ports There is also a router connected to the ...
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1answer
207 views

Forward Avahi mDNS packets from one network to another [closed]

I have a Linux device connected to two different networks. eth0 is connected to 198.18.248.x and wlan0 is connected to 198.19.255.x. Another device connected to the 198.18.248.x network and it's ...
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1answer
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How routers route packets to a specific network

As I understand it, routers route packets to a specific network based on network id and of course the network id must be unique on the Internet, now the question is: maybe there are billions of ...
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3answers
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Why do IP(v6) routes require a next hop IP(v6) address and not just a MAC Address?

My understanding of how you "ask" a router to route a packet for you is that you simply put the IP(v6) address of the destination host and the MAC address of the router you are routing via ...
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1answer
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Design question: VLANS or Routed interfaces over dark fiber between sites seperated by 10s of km

Production network design idea: 7 sites total. Each site has an HP Procurve core switch. Each switch has at least 2-10G dark fiber connections to other sites. A few links are under 40km, the remaining ...
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3answers
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How are MPLS routers connected to each other?

So MPLS is one of the many ways to connect two or more distant sites. In other words, it is some kind of a "WAN solution". But what is the "WAN solution" for MPLS? Take for example ...
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3answers
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Multihoming with two 'good' providers - load sharing strategy?

We get two 100G links, one from each provider and our aggregate traffic is sub 100G. The rationale is one provider can fail and the other will pick up the slack with zero degradation. Our traffic ...
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2answers
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How to configure static routing when there are two routers between the source and destination network?

How can i perform static routing from router A to reach 192.168.1.0/30 network in the below diagram(please don't ask why do i need two routers between them). All the example of static routing i have ...
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0answers
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Can I route DHCPv6 & Router-Advertisements through another router? [closed]

I have asked this question on Super-User, though I'm not sure, it's the best place. 1 I believe this Exchange is a more appropriate place to ask: I have a dual router setup (two routers behind each ...
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1answer
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How is the subnet mask detected over the internet with CIDR (classless inter domain routing)?

Lets say there are two public IP addresses. One is 21.120.12.8/16 and the other is 21.120.12.8/8, they are different network IDs but when used over the internet how are they both differentiated? Or is ...
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Extract Palo Alto ACC stats in text format

I have a Palo Alto p220 firewall, which acts as a virtual router at the same time. I would like to get the traffic data (download/upload in bytes per IP) in a format, which I could then parse on my ...
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1answer
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N routers but only one valid dynamic gateway

I'm not able to figure out a good strategy for this situation. There's one router per client and all the routers are in the same network. Each router is able to connect to an external router in a ...
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1answer
27 views

Unable to Communicate from server to other servers after migrating from existing firewall to new firewall

In our existing environment we had migrated old firewall with new firewall after this activity . we had faced connectivity issue . From servers unable to reach other servers . Post clearing ARP table ...
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1answer
49 views

For UDP traffic reverse route is required or not

when compared to TCP protocol, UDP is non reliable protocol no knowledgement packet is required for previous packet before sending new packet . so in this case reverse route configuration is required ...
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1answer
127 views

What might be the potential impact on increasing or decreasing MTU size of packet in network

i am looking eagerly to know the potential impact on network while and after changing maximum transmissions (MTU ) from 1500 default value to any other value .
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Router on one side of a GRE tunnel not adding OSPF route through the tunnel whilst the router on the other side is

I have configured GRE tunnel between the Dublin and Carlow routers with the following commands: //Carlow int tunnel 0 ip address 172.16.12.1 255.255.255.252 tunnel source s0/0/0 tunnel destination 87....
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3answers
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Can I use the default routing rule "ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 f0/0 192.168.xxx.xxx" to specify 192.168.xxx.xxx as my proxy server?

I'm new to networking and I just learned Cisco router's static routing. I know that ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 f0/0 192.168.xxx.xxx states that all packets should be forwarded to 192.168.xxx.xxx. Can I ...

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