Questions tagged [routing]

For questions about routing, the process of selecting to which network path traffic is sent. Consider using a more specific tag if your question is about a routing protocol like BGP or OSPF.

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4
votes
1answer
82 views

Extending a subnet across a WAN link vs routing

probably a noob question but any help is appreciated. Question: What are the disadvantages of spanning L2 subnets across a WAN as opposed to a routed connection? Background: I've got a client who's ...
6
votes
2answers
988 views

How does a router know the MTU of a network?

I've done several exercises where you're given the MTU of a net or subnet, but I wonder how routers know the MTU of the nets they're connected. I've learnt that in OSPF protocol this information is ...
0
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1answer
91 views

How are websites accessed without port numbers?

I am confused on how requests to websites are received. If I type in 172.217.5.110 to my browser, google.com sends me its home page. I didn't have to specify the port number. How does that work? I ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

Cisco ASA Dial in VPN access Devices on Site-to-Site VPN

Questions 1) What do I need to run to get this to allow the on-site to talk to the dial-in network clients E.G ping from 10.101.1.7 to 10.101.2.1? 2) What do I need to run to get the dial-in network ...
4
votes
2answers
729 views

How many pps (64Byte each) i can receive in 1Gbps throughput modem / firewall

I need help with this: If i have 1Gb/s throughput. I can receive how many pps in 64Byte each packet / s? Let's say I can send (Packet / Second - 64Byte) 450,000, meaning I would not only have 230.4 ...
1
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1answer
268 views

BGP Juniper not reflecting to Cisco?

I am really new to working with Junipers and I am struggling a bit with Route Reflector configuration. I have 3 routers Cisco-Juniper-Juniper2 here is my config: Cisco: router bgp 100 neighbor ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

If all corporate (large scale) networks require routers

Wondering if all large-scale networks require routers or if there are other devices or things that are used in practice in some corporations instead of routers that solve the same or similar problems ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Multiaccess link show two Designated Routers in area 0

I have 4 cumulus routers setup with a single ethernet connection from r3 -> r1 -> r2 - r4. From r1, show ip ospf neighbor displays the following: **Neighbor ID Pri State Dead Time ...
1
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2answers
101 views

Accessing internal website from subnet

I have the following network: - Edge Lite 3 router with public IP on WAN (eth0) and 2 LANs: 1) eth1 192.168.1.11/24 2) eth2 192.168.2.11/24 eth1 is DHCP, I have several work laptops inside. eth2 ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

the meaning of static routes and next hop

i configured a network topology on cisco packet tracer to learn about the static routing, as shown in figure below i spent a lot of time to ensure the connectivity between server0 and server2(cause i'...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How to make PCs in the same LAN but on different networks communicate

Is it possible to ping PCs in the same LAN but on different networks? I've done RIP version 2 on all the routers. They all can ping each other. However, the PCs cannot. For example, when I try to ping ...
1
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1answer
34 views

IP Routing question

We are in the process of replacing our firewall and are keeping the VPN client traffic on the older device. The public IP range is being split between the two devices from our border router. All the ...
2
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3answers
557 views

connect a cisco router to the internet through a cable modem

The router gets an External IP address via DHCP from the Cable modem Clients inside the network get an IP address from Router's DHCP server I can ping that the external IP address from a client inside ...
3
votes
1answer
398 views

What is the difference between “set community” and “add community” in juniper?

I am trying to understand setting up policies on a juniper router. What is the difference between "add" and "set" community? set policy-options policy-statement MY_POLICY term MY_TERM then community ?...
3
votes
3answers
99 views

How is traffic forwarded though IXPs if route servers do not forward any traffic

while i was studying about IXP route-servers, i read that they do not forward any traffic. I get that a route server is a "control plane" entity and it is used for easier bgp peering. However, i ...
4
votes
1answer
334 views

Will the data transfer with the destination on the same LAN network be routed through the internet when the WAN IP is used?

I'm planning to set up a Nextcloud locally. I will be using my own domain with a DNS record to connect to my WAN IP and port forward the needed ports to the local machine running Nextcloud. Now of ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

IGP vs LDP forwarding

By default when MPLS and LDP is configured in a cisco IOS/IOSXR and some IGP. If I forward a packet toward internal IP. Router will use MPLS to get destination. When show the routing table I only can ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

A new version of RIPv2 using different keys for each router

There's a problem in a textbook that is really stumping me. How would you enhance the RIPv2 protocol to provide a (more) secure and scalable schema for distributing the updates? Describe the ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Setting local preference in BGP

I am trying to set the local preference for this configuration To make a route from R1 to R4 via R3. That's how i configure R3 R3#conf term Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

WISP Network Edge Device - Router vs Switch

I am faced with an issue right now working for a small rural WISP. We have roughly 250 wireless customers throughout our area using Ubiquiti radios. Our main fiber drop comes in from a larger ISP on ...
4
votes
1answer
588 views

Juniper SRX 240 - Routing subsystem not running on secondary node

Does anyone know why rpd would not run on secondary node? Thanks
0
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1answer
556 views

Download Internet Routing Table

What is the best way to download a snapshot of the Internet's IPv4 routing table? I need check if IP addresses are routable. It needs to function offline, so a looking glass server won't work. I know ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Networking Questions (Routing and Switching)

I inherited a haphazard network that I'm in the process of cleaning up and modernizing. Here is a synopsis of the current issue: We have a MySQL DB hosted on a Windows 7 PC (solely used to host the ...
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0answers
172 views

OSPF over IPIP tunnel doesn't work for CSR 1000v in AWS

I literally have the following topology shown in the figure below. I have 4 VPCs, each VPC has 3 subnets (1 for the VM instance and the other 2 for interfaces). Each VPC hosts a Cisco CSR 1000v in ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

Bad mask for loopback interface

I am trying to implement BGP session. I was given this table. When I try to configure loopbacks the first loopback works in the proper way R1(config)#interface loopback 0 R1(config-if)#ip *Mar 1 ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Users on one VLAN cannot access multicast resources [closed]

Feel like I'm getting closer to fixing my issue... This is the simplified version of the multicast... -No RPF Failure -pim sparse mode on all interfaces -multicast routing enabled I forced a group ...
2
votes
2answers
959 views

IPv6 can't ping host when static route configured with exit interface

I have the following topology (using IPv6) interfaces: I have the following static routes configured on it: R1#sh ipv6 route static IPv6 Routing Table - default - 9 entries Codes: C - Connected, L -...
0
votes
1answer
301 views

How to create interfaces for CSR 1000v for GRE tunnels?

Well, my idea is to connect to 4 CSR 1000v routers in different VPC (without VPC peering). I've basically finished with everything with the pre-configuration creating VPCs, subnets IGW, modifying ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

My ip address changes daily. How can I setup port filtering so that I can access my VM via RDP without adding the new ip everyday?

So I have a VM in Azure. I would like to ensure that only I can access it. I setup port filtering so that only my IP is accepted, and only from port 3389. The next day my IP changed, but only the ...
3
votes
1answer
916 views

I can't set a gateway of last resort

I can't seem to get to set a gateway of last resort on a router. I want it to forward anything whom's ip address is not in the routing table to router HQ through interface s0/0/0 by doing the ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

JunOS iBGP and return paths odd behaviour

I've got a somewhat basic iBGP configuration with a routing instance "global" between two Juniper vSRX's - each Juniper vSRX has an uplink of its own from a different transit provider with a default ...
4
votes
3answers
121 views

Native IPv6 load balancing

We have two software gateways (on Linux) for IPv6 that take fullviews from ISPs and announce our AS. And several nodes connected to Internet via the gateways. Something like at picture: And we ...
1
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0answers
152 views

Fragment Table Overflow router cisco (strange Behavior)

I am getting this error message many times in my Router Cisco : %IP_VFR-4-FRAG_TABLE_OVERFLOW: Tunnel1: the fragment table has reached its maximum threshold 16 %IP_VFR-4-FRAG_TABLE_OVERFLOW: Tunnel1:...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

VLAN forwarding in cisco

We have a Cisco 3750X (L3) as a core switch and 10 Cisco SG-300 (L2), each Switch is in a separate VLAN (include core switch) now I want to define VLAN forwarding rule on my core switch, so all ...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

PAT not translating at all

I am studying for my CCENT. I threw together a PAT practice lab. Other than DHCP and RIP everything is pretty stock. No VLANs No security Just NAT overload on ACCESS router. I am stumped why it isn'...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

My OSPF Multi Area Topology is not reliable

I made an ospf multi area topology, but it's inconsistent. At times, host from the A area could ping to hosts in other areas however, sometimes otherwise (failed to arrive). Whenever I tried to do a ...
1
vote
1answer
314 views

Why command “ipv6 dhcp relay” doesn't work at packet tracer?

I'm trying to enable dhcp for ipv6 with the "ipv6 dhcp relay dest" command but, I'm receiving an error and I'm trying both of these commands but none work. Router model: 2811 (config)# interface [...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Gather the BGP data by using TCP connection on port 179

In order to gather the information shared between BGP peers, what port number should be used to connect using TCP (I am using 179, and don't see the connection being established)? Will I be able to ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Multiple Networks on Sonicwall with no access to cisco firewall

The issue im having is that i have 2 networks with 2 internet connections. We now all of a sudden have a POS system handling our network. This system blocks our email and a bunch of pages we use. They ...
3
votes
1answer
341 views

Spine Leaf L3 TOR DMZ Design for Virtual Environments

I have a question regarding DMZ design in our DC. Let me give you some background. We have 1 rack 2 Spines 2 leafs L3 TOR connected to each spine ESXI hosts connected to the leafs 1 Palo ALto ...
1
vote
1answer
319 views

How does a packet travel across multiple routers/subnets?

After reading various resources and examining the example below, the step-by-step process for a packet to travel the route below is still not 100% clear to me. I'm hoping to get clarification. Image ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Simulating TCP/IP Illustrated Test Network [closed]

I just recently bought TCP/IP Illustrated volume 1 first edition for cheap and I see that they reference a test network throughout the book that looks like the following Now I'm not the sharpest tool ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

What is wrong with this set of routers?

What is wrong with this network, why am I unable to connect to the internet from the network 172.16.1.0 here? I've done all the routing setup using GUI (that should not cause the problem, though). ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

OSPF inter-area traffic - not so direct after all

a) Can I confirm inter-area traffic will be routed towards Area 0 / Area 0 will be the transit network for all inter-area traffic? b) Consider the diagram below q1) Does R1 receive Type 3 LSA for ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Are all Ant routing algorithms the same?

I am not really sure if this question is related to the Network SE or Artificial Intelligence SE. So, I asked it in both sites. Are all Ant routing algorithms the same? And if No, what is the common ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

ASA5520 to 2960X setup

I am setting up a new remote office setup with an ASA5520 to a Cisco 2960X switch. I subinterfaced the the ASA inside to allow the Wired and Wireless subnets. On the 2960 I created a Vlan 100 for the ...
5
votes
1answer
182 views

juniper advertising smaller subnets with a bigger static route in BGP

I have a /18 in RIB but I would like advertise smaller subnet in BGPfor specific reason to diff ISP etc. Is there a way to do it without creating a null route or static route. Is some way in policy ...
1
vote
1answer
523 views

Firewall on a stick for Intranet and static routing

I have a question about possible problems that can occur with this network design. If I have an intranet with a firewall on a stick design, multiple switches with layer 2+, is this setup fine? or ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to connect 192.168.1.x network to 192.168.100.x gateway?

Hello fellow networkers. I am very new to this world and don't know a great deal about IP addresses and subnetting. I however stumbled upon quite a big problem (for me at least - haha) My entire ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Whether every router in a AS must have its RouterID?

Whether every router in a AS must have its RouterID? I know if a AS want to use BGP, the routers in the AS must have its own RouterID. whether a AS want to use router protocol, the routers must ...