Questions tagged [security]

A general purpose tag to mark discussions of general security topics including firewalls, ACLs, AAA and numerous others related to keeping the network safe from unauthorized access.

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2answers
17 views

How to find the client's application port during communication [closed]

After reading firewall rules about inbound and outbount I have some questions and the most sources focus on the server's ports. What happens to the client side when is trying to make a connection to ...
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1answer
109 views

How to implement port security in SDN using pox controller and ovs?

How can I defend against DHCP starvation attacks or MAC spoofing in an SDN environment?
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2answers
45 views

Do network encryption devices support KMIP / PKCS#11 for key management, or is it all done using the CLI?

This question is about encryption in data communications, defined broadly to include: Line scrambling at layer 1 MACsec at layer 2 IPsec at layer 3 TLS at layer 4 etc. All of these encryption ...
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2answers
54 views

Help segmenting/isolate my network with VLANs

I have a couple of IP cameras (live view and recording via an NVR) and DVR (with analogue cameras) connected by ethernet on my network. Nothing is separated atm; i.e. everything can access everything ...
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1answer
29 views

blacklisting mac address on my router to “isolate” IP cameras?

I currently have two very cheap Chinese IP Cameras. I just discovered they are vulnerable to attacks and as you can expect there are not patches by the provider. My final goal is to isolate them with ...
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2answers
33 views

Is it possible to completely mask an IP address to a point where no IP address can be detected yet an active connection is live?

I’ll keep it short and sweet; We all know to connect to internet you’ll need an address like 2001:x** or 192.x**. Using a vpn, while it does encrypt things and mask your IP, it still returns an IP. ...
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1answer
35 views

Disable TLS v1.0 in Cisco ISR4321/K9

I would like to know the command on how I can disable the TLS v1.0 and v1.1 in the Cisco ISR4321/K9 and just retain TLS v1.2 ? John
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2answers
60 views

IPSec Tunnel Mode

Assuming an organisation has 2 offices at two different locations and needs secure communication between them. As far as I understand IPSec, we can use tunnel mode to provide end to end encryption for ...
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11answers
36k views

How do you prevent rogue wireless access points on a network?

Depending on what type of traffic is going over the network, it's often not feasible that an employee brings a wireless router and sets it up into your network. This is because often, they are not or ...
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1answer
24 views

Why we use IP address in sockets? [closed]

When a server want to create a socket, it will use a combination of its IP address and some well-known port, let us say 80. So, when a segment arrived, both the server IP and port 80 will be used to ...
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1answer
17 views

Some questions about a DMZ and where to place my web servers? [duplicate]

Currently i build a new network for our company which is not my specialism as i'm actually a software engineer so excuse me when this is a stupid question. I read a lot about networking last few ...
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2answers
96 views

Which is the best way to encrypt all the IP traffic in LAN?

I'm trying to encrypt all the IP traffic in a small LAN network but the in that network all kind of devices are connected i.e. PCs, Laptops, IP Cameras, IP Sensors, etc (new and old devices). I have ...
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3answers
3k views

whois 243.25.203.20

I see this ip address actively accessing gmail account in spite of 2-Step Verification. whois 243.25.203.20 produces following message: No whois server is known for this kind of object. How can I ...
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1answer
70 views

Juniper SRX Application Inactivity Timeout

Will the inactivity timeout set for the application "TCP-ALL" of 900 trump the default value of 1800 for junos-ssh if the application-set were matched in a security policy? Does it matter if the order ...
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1answer
24 views

Does CSMA/CA have anti-DoS measures, and if yes which?

So as far as i understand, you can deny other devices access to a WiFi by flooding the channel they are on with data, so that the channel is never "idle", thus preventing other devices from using it - ...
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1answer
33 views

Secure MPLS configuration: Does TCP port 646 (LDP) need to be generally exposed?

I am looking for expertise on MPLS configurations and security. A recent Nmap scan of my organization's public IPv4 perimeter networks has discovered a system which appears to be listening on TCP port ...
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1answer
58 views

Create IPSEC VPN between three Routers?

I'm attempt to build essentially an IPSEC tunnel mesh between three Cisco IOSv routers. I've been able to build an IPSEC tunnel between two directly connected routers but once I add the third router ...
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0answers
46 views

Juniper MX Routing Engine Firewall Filter

I'm having difficulties with something I initially thought would be rather simple. I need to apply an outbound firewall filter on an MX10003's management interface. I'm currently using Lo0.0 as the ...
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1answer
71 views

Cisco IOS Sanitization: Any Way to Not Use NVRAM?

We want a method to sanitize Cisco IOS 15 routers (ISR Gen 2) before they are removed from the facility. While a "write erase" works perfectly if the router is breathing, how to sanitize dead routers ...
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2answers
40 views

Why doesn't NAT drop packets with spoofed public source IP?

As I read on Section 4.3.8 of this page https://www.manrs.org/isps/guide/antispoofing/, The following code: ip nat inside source list INSIDE pool OUTSIDE overload will translate packets with a ...
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1answer
54 views

Cisco Show Privilege via SNMP

How to get Cisco privilege level via SNMP? R1#show privilege Current privilege level is 15 Which MIB or OID?
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0answers
48 views

Arp Protect in dynamic VLAN environment

I am using 802.1x authentication with dynamic Vlan assignment(CPPM). As you may know, when a user logges in to their computer, SW attaches the user port to related Vlan. Thinking the scenario in which ...
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2answers
2k views

Can you only allow local login when TACACS is unavailable on a Juniper?

I'm pretty sure you can do this in the Cisco world, but haven't found a way to do this on a Juniper device. Is there a way to restrict local accounts from being accessed if the router has access to ...
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2answers
170 views

Configuring a network for 100% isolation (for security)

I'm configuring a LAN for an office. It's a new setup, and therefore there are desktops but no servers and no PC-to-PC communications - everything is on the cloud. The exception to this are several ...
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2answers
429 views

Listen-only (stealth) CDP on IOS

I would like to put my router in a listen-only mode for CDP i.e. it should allow CDP packets to only arrive while not advertising so that I can glimpse into physical topology while remaining hidden to ...
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1answer
1k views

Cisco Catalyst 2960 X MAC access list

I am using a MAC access list on this switch, so I go about it by first creating the MAC access list: #conf t #mac access-list extended aclname # permit host XXXX.XXXX.XXXX any Then, I tie this list ...
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2answers
46 views

The Best Way to Secure sFlow Exports?

Hi Network Masters, I have recently gotten my network devices to export sFlow records to my sFlow collector. Trouble is, all those sFlow exports are being sent across my network in cleartext. A lot ...
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3answers
79k views

How to verify that a UDP port is open? [closed]

I have here a dilemma. I have a device that communicates to another remote device but there is a firewall between them. It's a UDP connection, so TCP utilities don't work to test if the specific port ...
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1answer
912 views

What is the purpose of native VLAN on a trunk link?

Most VLAN articles I've read recommend avoid using VLAN1 for ports with untagged traffic (aka access ports). I've heard enough of this nonsense. Except for the reserved values of 0x000 and 0xFFF, a ...
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0answers
84 views

Compatible peap+freeradius+openldap

On my new job I have inherited a service wpa2-enterprice with peap+freeradius+openldap. As NAS we use ArubaIAP with enabled function "eap-termination". And this bundle works well! Little deep: In ...
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1answer
22 views

Are Port Numbers Strictly Attached to the Protocol? [duplicate]

I was playing around with hosting a local webserver, and decided to host it on port 53 as an experiment. Turns out I was able to make an HTTP GET request to localhost:53 without any issues (using ...
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1answer
189 views

Cisco ASA looping broadcast packet

I have small office where running cisco ASA ASA5506 and version 9.4(1) and it's also configured for IPsec VPN tunnel, My LAN subnet is 10.1.1.0/24 So i have found very interesting things in LAN ...
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2answers
68 views

Different Wi-Fi security levels under same private subnet

I'm working on an assignment and I'm given a hypothetical scenario where: A company has a local subnet where everything shares the flat address space 192.168.0.0/8 (this means that any device can ...
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1answer
78 views

Is TR-069 a security risk?

My ISP provides a combo box (ONT + router + switch + Wi-Fi) which they can manage remotely, likely using TR-069. They automatically push default configurations to the device. After I do a factory ...
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4answers
12k views

Toggle Switch for an Ethernet Cable

Is it possible to place a switch in one of the four/five wires of an Ethernet cable that will disable it? For my hardware project I would like the user to be able to disable the internet connection at ...
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3answers
559 views

What's the advantage of having VLANs if you enable inter-vlan routing?

If you configure VLANs with each having their own subnets, is there a point to have them if inter-vlan routing is enabled? Since VLANs will have access to other VLANs, the security argument is not ...
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1answer
126 views

What is the difference between VPN and Domain fronting?

What is Domain fronting? and how it is different from a VPN?
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1answer
408 views

Hardening Cisco router on Internet-MANAGEMENT PLANE

I need confirmation that I understood the Cisco manual right. So my network is like this: ISP_RTR ---x.x.x.x/30--- Perimeter/Edge_RTR ---y.y.y.y/30--- FW1 --- DMZ1 ...
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1answer
34 views

Session, presentation and application layer

I almost finished the ccna, in the meantime I'm following Pentesting courses, I noticed enough interesting protocols at the session level. I wish I could understand them as I did with cisco, but I ...
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1answer
46 views

Is Network Bridging secure [closed]

Bridging two network cars in Windows allows the two separate networks to connect. Assuming there are three NIC cards present in a machine: A, B and C. If I bridge NIC A and B, is there a possibility ...
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1answer
965 views

Why does the Implicit Rule prevent traffic from passing?

I an testing traffic forwarding between different DMZ with different security levels. DMZ: interface GigabitEthernet0/1.351 vlan 351 nameif dmz security-level 10 ip address 10.100.20.1 255.255....
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1answer
68 views

Multicast in enterprise network

Once I have heard from a professional that multicast is forbidden (or not suggested or not allowed) in enterprise networks from 2014. (He referenced to a standard or recommendation document or ...
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2answers
1k views

How can we identify layer two device in a network or what are those device effects on a frame

This is sample of a traceroute to google.com: TraceRoute from Network-Tools.com to 216.58.194.46 [google.com] Hop (ms) (ms) (ms) IP Address Host name 1 0 0 0 ...
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1answer
49 views

Is this computer a threat? On same network range, but in a workgroup

We have a normal on-premise Class C network with an internal IP address scheme of 192.168.15.x (hypothetical). We have a SonicWALL device that acts as a VPN server for external clients, a DHCP server ...
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1answer
62 views

SDN Flow-modification attack

What are the steps that can be taken to prevent flow-modification attacks on an SDN controller? The attack would look as follows(As seen by the image): Does OpenDaylight or any other controller have ...
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1answer
240 views

Cisco ASA not passing traffic between two interface

I have Cisco 5506 with Security Plue License and following is my configuration. interface GigabitEthernet1/1 nameif inside security-level 100 ip address 10.0.10.1 255.255.255.0 ! interface ...
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1answer
120 views

Can I send an HTTP reply to users who try to access a blocked URL via the Cisco ASA?

A customer is requesting a way to send a customized reply to users who attempt to access invalid URLs via HTTP and get blocked by the ASA (v9.6). (We are currently using Regex filtering and Botnet ...
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1answer
216 views

MAC Address not resolving when IPSec VPN in place

I've created an IPSec VPN connection between two Mikrotik routers. They are connecting via IKEv2. Inside our two networks, we have a printer spooler which needs the printer's MAC address to verify it'...
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1answer
98 views

How to change ip TTL=1 on flat network for security [closed]

Working on a network at an high rise apartment complex. They have a core router/firewall acting as dhcp server and about 7 switches (all l3 switches). They have a few vlans to segment traffic based of ...
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2answers
966 views

why do we use a layer 2 switch in a DMZ rather than a layer 3?

I've been trying to learn about DMZs. It's hard to find a technical explanation that does not dive head long into the complexities of Cisco hardware, which I'm finding confusing as I'm new to ...

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