Questions tagged [subnet]

Questions relating to IP subnetting, including planning, calculation and best practices.

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Can someone walk me through subnetting? [duplicate]

I'm trying to find the number of bits for subnet and the number of bits for hosts: The assigned network is: 10.0.0.0/8 The subnetted network is: 10.0.0.0/15 I have tried to do it, but I'm not sure ...
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VLAN based subnets, where should I untag a VLAN?

I have attempted to search this problem but I don't really know how to explain it properly (possibly a sign I've taken on more project than I can handle). Anyway I am currently working on chopping ...
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Access bridged subnet [closed]

I would like to use ISP2 instead of ISP1 internet from PC1 computer. But I'm not even able to ping antenna A, however, antenna B shows that it is connected to antenna A. I would also like to access ...
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How does a host in one subnet know to forward the packet to the router MAC, when trying to send a packet to another subnet

I am trying to understand the ARP protocol and I could not understand the above. Consider the topology as follows: H1(1.1.1.1) - (1.1.1.0)R(2.2.2.0) - H2(2.2.2.2) My understanding is that if the ...
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IPv4 Subnetting for 1200 or more devices for WiFi

I am currently looking over my schools existing Subnets and their usage. Some seem to be sufficent, others not so much. What is the best practice when you need to support 1200 or more devices on a ...
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Given a subnet mask, how can I determine which addresses can be assigned to public network hosts? [duplicate]

For example, I'm given a subnet mask of 255.255.255.248 and need to determine from a list - 16.70.118.63 134.178.18.56 200.47.224.159 68.111.178.93 192.168.16.87 217.37.10.192 - which addresses can be ...
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Why is this subnet config required by my vlan “snake topology”?

I must validate the bandwidth on all 8 ports of a switch. We intend to do this with a "snake" topology as described in this article: http://thenetworksherpa.com/test-throughput-alchemy-using-a-snake-...
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2answers
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Can a single subnet work across several switches?

New to networking and studying hard but limited access to a kit to try things at the moment... My question is - if I had, for example, two Layer-2 switches cable connected, could I have devices on ...
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Which mask to use for 1024 address size subnet [duplicate]

I am trying to identify if given IPs are from same 1024 SUBNET. 192.168.3.1 192.168.2.19 192.168.1.1 The part I got stuck is that SUBNET address size is 1024. If I am sure, by checking IP addresses ...
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35 views

Sonicwall: force all traffic from specific source through VPN

We have a main office (M) with a Sonicwall TZ215, and a branch office (B) with a TZ210. Computers in B access the server in M through a site-to-site VPN between the two Sonicwalls. Internet traffic ...
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Give the 36th subnet for given network [duplicate]

Given network is: 148.47.0.0/16, give the 36th subnet where you can uniquely address 54 hosts. Where to start? Thanks in advance.
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VLANs vs subnets pros and cons

What are the pros and cons of designing an entire network using VLANs rather than design the network only using subnets?
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How to divide an IPv4 network into three separate networks? [duplicate]

I have an address of 192.168.100.0(/24) and I need to separate it into three networks using VSLM. One needs 70 hosts, another needs 30 hosts and the last needs 25 hosts. What is the most efficient way ...
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189 views

CIDR and VLSM what are the differences?

CIDR improves the allocation of IP addresses. VLSM allows to define a subnet as we wish. Can CIDR used without using VLSM?
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How is traffic correctly routed in Site-to-Site VPNs where all sites are on the same subnet?

http://rockhoppervpn.sourceforge.net/ref_site2site_bridge_6.html The diagram on this page shows all 3 sites using the same subnet, 192.168.0.0/24. Let's say on the hub site where 192.168.0.10 is the ...
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How can a class b network with a cidr of 24 contain 254 networks? The third network IP octet is masked [duplicate]

class b network 172.16.31.0/24 with a mask of 255.255.255.0 contain 256 networks? the only range is 172.16.31.0 to 172.16.31.255 or are you saying that there can be 256 networks e.g Network 1 172.16....
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Can only same-sized networks be combined? [duplicate]

On multiple channels a "rule" is that only same sized networks can be combined. But this is only a valid constraint, if the subnet mask needs to remain the same as of the nets to be combined, correct? ...
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How to calculate subnet mask including, network address, gateway, broadcast address and host range? [duplicate]

You are defining network boundaries within a /24 network of 172.30.20.0/24. Please complete the segmentation of the /24 to account for multiple smaller networks of 115, 50, 28, 12, and 5 hosts. ...
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Split to four equal size subnets [duplicate]

Question; Suppose an ISP owns the block of addresses of the form 128.119.40.64/25. Suppose it wants to create four subnets from this block, with each block having the same number of IP addresses. What ...
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About relation of ip adresses and number of hosts [duplicate]

Question is; https://imgur.com/9nKqRgE I am not sure about the answer but my thinking is that if there are 35 hosts then 2^x=>35 after that i find x is 6 it means 6 zero we have on subnet. and ...
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Setting the network address freely [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand IP Addressing, but there's something what's still not clear for me. With mask 1111111.1111111.1111111.00000000 (/24) Am I able to set network address "freely" like this? ...
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ARP traffic for devices in same LAN but different subnets [duplicate]

Given a LAN with 5 devices (a,b,c,d,e). Where devices a and b are in one subnet and d,e,f are in another. Will an ARP request broadcasted by a looking for device b reach devices d, e ,f as they are ...
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How to calculate bits needed for host, bits left for network, number of available networks? [duplicate]

I have a class b address of 145.14.0.0 I need to create a scheme where each subnet accommodates 2259 hosts. can someone explain step by step how to do that
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TTL And Wildcard mask

I have two questions that i wanted to ask before. What is TTL?! I know that it's time to live for packet to die it count how many hops you jump in it every icmp but i don't know how it works and what ...
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packet routing between subnets on same vlan

I am trying to understand how packets are routed within the same VLAN. I understand that typically there should be a 1:1 mapping between VLANs and Subnets. However if i deploy the following ...
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What is the intuition behind subnetting a base IP?

Take a look at this picture: My professor usually gives a topology like this and gives me a base IP. Let's say the base IP given is: 223.1.0.0/24. We're then asked to construct the given topology by ...
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Is the first address in an IPv6 subnet assignable?

I am working in a lab and have configured a series of /125 subnets between routers. Lets ignore the best practice for this discussion of using /64 for everything. When I assign fd00:f9a8:ffff::257 to ...
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1answer
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how to get the smallest summary route? [duplicate]

i am practicing subnetting, then i got this question from the web. then the answer showed up as 172.16.0.0/12, i am puzzled right now how did that happen. please if anybody out there can explain to ...
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How to interpret subnet mask [duplicate]

I received a datasheet with which I need to configure a server that doesn't do dhcp but rather needs to use a static IP address. The sheet tells me to set the subnet mask 255.255.252/22. I tried to "...
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Cisco ASA 5512X does not allow connections across VLANs to internet

First time doing a network, I'm a software guy normally. I am setting up a network to share and internet connections to multiple properties. The goal is to segment each property onto its own VLAN. I ...
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How does aggregate routes behave in BGP?

If a router received two BGP updates for the same prefix and both these updates are aggregate paths how do the router decide which one to take? Let us say that it needs to decide based on AS Path ...
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Why is 10.1.255.255 an invalid broadcast address?

I’ve been following the CCENT official certification book(100-105) and came upon this question in the “do I know this already?” quiz. The books only covered /24 subnetting only so far. Which of the ...
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How To Route Private Subnet Traffic To Internet Via Public Subnet In The Same AWS VPC?

This scenario is simple, created a VPC (CIDR > 172.16.0.0/16) in AWS Management Console, created 2 subnets in it. Public (CIDR > 172.16.1.0/24) Private (CIDR > 172.16.2.0/24) Public route is set on ...
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Different Wi-Fi security levels under same private subnet

I'm working on an assignment and I'm given a hypothetical scenario where: A company has a local subnet where everything shares the flat address space 192.168.0.0/8 (this means that any device can ...
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1answer
34 views

VPN to a current subnet ID

I am sure this is a fairly basic question, but the standard google searches have not told me what I am looking for. I have a restaurant that uses an ipad point of sale on a dedicated subnet id: 192....
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3answers
72 views

Bridges, hubs, switches and repeaters in subnetting

I'm learning to subnet and I'm constantly doing exercises on paper about this topic. I'm trying to breakdown a network into smaller subnets, given the number of hosts for each one. For now, I only ...
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1answer
36 views

Different sized subnets [duplicate]

I am not sure the wording to search for and therefore this question has probably been answered before and i just cant find it. I am puttiing together a small WAN and im using /29 addresses for the ...
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2answers
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Can 2 Directly connected PCs having the same network ID but different subnet mask talk? [duplicate]

If Pc1 has IP 192.168.10.2 / 24 ---> Network ID : 192.168.10.0 and Pc2 has IP 192.168.11.3 / 23 ---> Network ID : 192.168.10.0 directly connected (no switches no routers). Why cant i ping? But if ...
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1answer
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Connect VPN with same Private Network [closed]

i have my Private Network on my Apartment that is 192.168.1.x/24 and in the Office we have Private Network 192.168.1.x/16. Is it possible to connect them through VPN, but i will not change my private ...
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In making network changes how would mixing sub nets affect the network

Will hosts with IP address manually assigned as 192.168.0.10/24 or 192.168.1.11/24 continue to function. When the router, DHCP, and switches are now setup to work as 192.168.0.0/22. We in inherited ...
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1answer
60 views

IP address source and destination translation without a gateway

I have a private network (no gateway) with a number of devices configured on one subnet (say A.A.A.0/24). I would like to change the IP addresses of all devices on this network to a new subnet (say B....
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Binary to decimal conversion question [closed]

If Decimal 15 = Binary 00001111 can it also equal 01111 ? If not why? sheet with conversion decimal-binary
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725 views

What determines the private ip addresses? [closed]

Right now, I am using internet at home, and my private ip address is 192.168.x.x. At work my private ip address is 10.x.x.x. In both of the scenarios, I did not play any role in selecting my ip, I ...
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1answer
58 views

Are these two private subnets completely isolated from each other?

Im trying to set up a subnet address range in my local network but the private address ranges of 172.16.1.1 192.168.1.1 10.1.10.1 are all already being used. So I was wondering, if I make this ...
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1answer
41 views

Bringing two different hosts each in two different subnets into a same subnet [duplicate]

Physical Network: 11.11.10.0(mask:255.255.248) Subnet A 1 :11.11.10.0 IP A: 11.11.10.4 (mask:255.255.248 and 6 hosts) Subnet B 2 :11.11.10.8 IP B: 11.11.10.11(mask:255.255.248 and 6 hosts) Hi ...
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2answers
64 views

Meaningless bits in CIDR notation

Is specifying meaningless bits valid syntax in CIDR notation? For instance, the netmask of 192.168.13.0/16 is 255.255.0.0. In this case, the last two octets (00001101 00000000) are meaningless because ...
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1answer
1k views

Broadcast link vs. point-to-point links

What is the distinction between broadcast links and point-to-point links? In the paragraph below, the author switches between "broadcast link" and "broadcast network" which is causing my confusion..is ...
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197 views

How to do subnetting on IPV6 for non nibble boundaries?

As I was reading this article on How to: calculating IPv6 subnets outside the nibble boundary https://blog.apnic.net/2018/08/10/how-to-calculating-ipv6-subnets-outside-the-nibble-boundary/ The author ...
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81 views

Why can't we have duplicated IPs?

This may be a really dumb question, but I like to turn upside down what I already know sometimes, that way I can learn more. For example, given a network 192.168.0.0/24, I have a device inside with ...
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How many public static ips do one need if a PC is behind a wireless router?

If a PC is connected to internet through a wireless router. How many public static ips do one got to get from the ISP. Do the router and PC both require one static IP. What if I want to add more PC ...

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