Questions tagged [subnet]

Questions relating to IP subnetting, including planning, calculation and best practices.

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Why shortened version of IP4 exists and it is undocumented but supported everywhere?

For example there is an IP address 192.168.0.1 It is clear that you can use it as the full line, but try that one 192.168.1 It will also work, and it will be automatically converted to 192.168.0.1 ...
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3 votes
5 answers
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Why should I use vlans instead of subnets?

I know that this might be a trivial question for the more experienced. However, I am a student who has just started designing networks. Assuming you have to design a network of a school divided into ...
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How to create a subnet or secondary network? Do I need VLANs?

I am not new to IT, but in the past, I've always had a Network Admin to handle this type of stuff. That being said I know just enough to be dangerous. What I have is an old hodgepodge of different ...
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Why is this 254.63.0.1, not a valid host address?

Getting the below error, when trying to configure the ip address 254.63.0.1 as an SVI. Switch(config)#interface vlan 254 Switch(config-if)#ip address 254.63.0.1 255.255.0.0 Not a valid host address -...
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How to redirect traffic when one site goes down without downtime and the subnets are different?

We have a uniform high availability configuration [somewhat like 1] with the difference we have two different subnets, vlan and vsphere for two different sites, X and Y. The host in site X has ip 10....
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Dividing network into subnets [duplicate]

My teacher uploaded this example question and solution as explanation of the topic: I watched some videos about it but none of them made it fully clear, what I don't understand here is: What are ...
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4 answers
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ARP requests from a different subnet

Not sure if my question is on-topic here. I found the following question about ARP requests from a different subnet and I was wondering if and when this is an actual use case. The original question is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How is CIDR used in ranges?

There are times where CIDR notation isn't used to subnetting or for routing/summarization but rather just for ranging IP addresses, IPv4 mostly. It seems very non-standard and it seems to be like a ...
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3 answers
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why ip adresses are divided into network portion and host portion when we already have NAT [duplicate]

I don't understand why ip adresses are divided into network portion and host portion? is the host portion really necessary when we already have NAT? for example, if ip addresses only have network ...
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Do the subnets x.x.x.128/25 and x.x.x.192/26 collide? Why or why not? [duplicate]

I am working with a vpc cidr of /23, and need to divvy up some public and private subnets for hosts, load balancers availability zones etc. please bear with this newbie question Please assume I am ...
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2 answers
60 views

Can networks with different netmasks overlap?

Let it be this diagram: Can I assign such networks at each segment without overlapping? In my understanding each network has a range of usable IPs and those ranges overlapps each other. For instance, ...
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Why would we want to subnet/change CIDR of private addresses?

I am studying for my CCNA and my current topic is subnetting. I understand how subnetting works and how to subnet (calculate the network IP, the amount of hosts, broadcast, etc). However, I can't seem ...
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Subnetting and dividing networks [duplicate]

I am currently learning about how subnetting works and I need to get rid of some confusion. If we divide networks like this, and assign each network a different IP address (192.168.1.0, 192.168.2.0, ...
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Routing for same subnets in remote sites

Is it possible to have interVLAN routing with router on a stick topology, but with remote sites communicating via OSPF? In the diagram below, I can ping PC1 from PC0. What I want is to ping PC2 and ...
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Same subnet on multiple VPN clients

I have an openVPN server, where multiple clients are connected. These clients are usually routers, so they have a subnet behind these routers. I want to access all clients on these subnets if I ...
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6 votes
5 answers
1k views

Dividing a network into subnets using a router

I am learning about how L3 and IPv4 addressing works and I need some clarity on certain things. I've encountered the following topology So in this topology, the router stands in the center and ...
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Subnetting an network into different number of subnets [duplicate]

Assuming you are using a Class C IP address (195.16.1.0) and you need to create the following numbers of subnets for your network plan. For each of the numbers of required subnets below, provide how ...
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is 10.10.153.0/16 v.s 10.10.0.0/16 the samething [duplicate]

I saw a confused subnet: 10.10.153.0/16, is it same as 10.10.0.0/16, or it should be 10.10.153.0/24. Thanks!
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Connect a router to multiple router/subnet - Cisco Packet Tracer

I'm studying DNS Server. So I try this. Here is the flow when I request abc.com webpage from My PC. My PC (192.0.1.2) send DNS query to Router0. Router0 then forwarding to DNS Nameserver (10.0.0.2). ...
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2 answers
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Sharing one VLAN with two routers each one will route different subnet

We are transitioning to new WAN connectivity. I have one VLAN (let's say ID 10). Currently there is one router R1 that has one private subnet and one public subnet on the VLAN 10 which goes through ...
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Difference between network and sub-network

Today, at school I learned about subnetworks. So, let's say I have a 10.0.0.0 network with a 255.0.0.0 mask, I could subnet it into two networks, for example, 10.1.0.0 and 10.2.0.0, which would both ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How can I test if the subnet mask and default gateway are set for a device? [closed]

I understand how subnet masks work mechanically and how to convert from the mask to the CIDR bits notation, and I understand the concept of a default gateway. What I don't understand is what setting ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Will 2 redundant Routers configured with HSRP consume 3 IP Adresses in each Subnet?

The Problem occured while studying for my exams Problem: I have to design a Network for a Company. The given IP Adress Space is 192.168.1.0/24 which has to be divided into 4 Subnets. These Subnets ...
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1 answer
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What does an IP Address with CIDR represent precisely?

This question is more a question of definition then a technical one: You have some network with the network identifier 172.16.0.8 and a subnet mask 255.255.255.248 (/29) We know that the usable ...
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1 answer
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Duplicate IP addresses on different "levels" of subnets

My question is quite simple: let us say there is a 10.0.0.0/8 with the subnet mask of 255.0.0.0 (first 8 bits used up for network address). Let us say, one address in our subnet is 10.0.0.1 (subnet ...
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1 vote
5 answers
269 views

What happens to the unused IP addresses in the subnet that falls in between two routers?

This is probably a un-realistic question, but a question nonetheless, that has been bugging me since quite a while now. Consider the below network diagram, where R1 is a part of a 10.0.0.0/8 network (...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How to choose IP address and subnet mask while forming a network

This question is bit novice. But, just wanted to clear any doubts as a starter for this topic. I have read about Classes of address like Class A, B, C. As I observe the Default Subnet mask for each of ...
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1 answer
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How can I set up two sub networks that can communicate by LAN but where only one has internet? [closed]

With only two routers, where one has a connection to the internet, is it possible to set up a second sub network that has no access to the internet, but where devices connected to either router can ...
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-1 votes
4 answers
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Why isn’t there routing inside subnets?

As far as I know, inside subnets, there is no such thing as routing. How are IP-packets « routed » inside a subnet, and does this circumstance has an influence on how subnets are set up? Thank you in ...
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0 votes
3 answers
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If person A has a network 123.123.123 and person B has a network 123.123, what happens if they both assign an IP to a device of 123.123.123.123?

This is something I'm confused about...if person A and B have networks with different subnet masks, then what prevents them from assigning an end IP that is identical? It makes me think I'm ...
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1 vote
0 answers
20 views

Personal VPN sub-network accessible through Work VPN? [closed]

I currently access my work network via Cisco VPN. At work, I have my own three computers and NAS on a personal dedicated router using my own DHCP. For several reasons, I do not want these computers to ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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why can a router make two PCs in different subnets access each other?

Case 1: PC A: 192.168.1.2 / 24, and it connects to LAN port1 of router A PC B: 192.168.2.3 / 24, and it connects to LAN port2 of router A Given above we know A and B can't talk to each other due to ...
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1 vote
3 answers
478 views

Router interface on same subnet

Could someone please explain why can't be have 2 interface on same subnet? Do router use network address to forward traffic?
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lan with multiple ip [duplicate]

If imagine lan assigned ip from from this range (192.168.1.0/24) then can we assign another ip from same subnet mask? If no why?
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can wifi clients in same subnet talk to each other without a WAP?

I understand that a L2 device like WAP is needed to forward packets from one client to another within the same network (based on MAC mostly like in 802.11) However my question is, if there is no WAP ...
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1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Must the host IP be contained in Router's subnet?

The settings are: manually set my host IP: 10.0.1.6/24, gateway: 10.0.0.138/24 they both know each other's MAC (arp -a shows the list) and there is a direct physical connection between them. From the ...
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Can an host on a subnet comunicate via an host on a segment of the subnet? and viceversa?

It's a theory only question. An host on 192.168.0.0/16 can comunicate with an host on the subnet 192.168.1.0/24 ? And viceversa? If no, why? NOTE: I already CAN calculate host, subnet, network id, ...
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Can two different LANs be part of the same private network? [duplicate]

If you had two geographically dispersed LANs with public IPs that are in a different subnet range to each other, (one is 154.30.24.x/24, and the other is 134.64.9.x/24) if they were physically or ...
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communication between two subnets [duplicate]

Let's say I have a computer 192.168.0.1 masks 255.255.255.0 and another computer 192.168.0.2 with a mask 255.255.0.0, can I ping the second computer from the first even though it's on a different ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Do any subnets "Network ID" AKA "Network Address" always have an even number as the last octet? [duplicate]

Should a subnet have a "Network ID" AKA "Network Address" (eg: the first address, which is always unusable, and is the boundary between the previous subnet and the current subnet) ...
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1 vote
2 answers
74 views

What's the different between a "mask" in route table and interface?

if we took Windows as an example, we can use the command "netstat -rn" to show route table as follows: IPv4 Route Table ===================================================================...
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1 answer
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What IP addresses are appropriate for a network inside an embedded device? [closed]

I am making an embedded device with two processors, a "gateway" processor which is connected to external ethernet, and a "webServer" processor, which is only connected to the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
168 views

Addresses in router's subinterfaces overlapping [duplicate]

I can't really understand why I'm getting overlapping addresses in subnets when they're between the allowed range. I have the network 192.168.1.0/24, and I have to create 3 subnets: A - 58 Hosts B - ...
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-1 votes
3 answers
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How to make 2 diffrent networks in router ping each other

Hello i have this 2 routers how i can make them ping each other and alos the devices connected to them
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0 votes
0 answers
19 views

/8 base subnetting [duplicate]

I have a question on subnetting, the below question asks for the subnetting a /8 base network. I do not understand how to have at least 64 networks available while subnetting. I have checked the ...
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0 votes
2 answers
427 views

can LAN port have multiple IP addresses of same subnet mask or different subnet mask

Can the router's ethernet interface have multiple IP's of the same subnet or different subnet mask? If yes what's the use?
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subnetting to give 4 2000 adresses [duplicate]

A large number of consecutive IP addresses are available starting at 198.16.0.0/19. Suppose that four organizations, A, B, C, and D, request 2000, 2000, 2000, and 2000 addresses, respectively, and in ...
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0 votes
2 answers
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Why does ARP request not use a router instead of broadcast?

Why in ARP request does the source computer broadcast a message with the destination IP address to find the MAC address of the destination computer? Why doesn't it send the message to the default gate ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Can a subnet use more than one default gateway address?

This follows another question i had previously asked.. I am in a situation where sub net A is connected to two routers {Router A{left}} and {routerB{right}}. The sub net A knows that the address of ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Two networks with two different subnetmasks

This may be a dumb question but I really don't get it. Let's assume we have two networks. Network A and B. They have the following devices: Network A Device X (IP: 192.168.0.10; subnet mask: 255.255....
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