Questions tagged [wireless]

For questions about wireless networking (802.11), including any licensed or unlicensed RF medium used to provide point-to-point or point-to-multipoint network links.

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Wireless network setup for a whole building [closed]

I want to locally host a node js backend website that is only going to be available on a lan connection. The location i want the network to be available is a 1300 m^2 area 15 story building. The whole ...
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How to prevent MAC spoofing with a captive portal? [closed]

Wireless Setup I have a WiFi network. When someone connects their device to the network, they are taken to a captive portal. When they provide a code, their device is granted access to the internet. ...
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Wifi 802.11ac dynamic channel width negotiation

Let's assume that AP1 is on channel 40 width 80mhz, AP2 is on channel 48 width 80mhz, It overlaps. As far as i understand 802.11ac has a functionality which detects width utilization per-frame and ...
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Relation between mean delay and network size

I am studying the effect of network size on the mean delay per received packet of a wireless sensor network. I am using a duty-cycled asynchronous MAC protocol.The topology is all sources directly ...
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Is MU-MIMO helpful on an AP when serving a pool of 1x1 clients?

I'm looking at selecting a wireless AP which will need to serve a pool of ~30 clients, all of which have integrated 802.11ac Wifi 5 modules, 1x1 (single stream, one antenna). I expect they are 802....
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3 answers
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Do telephone calls work at Layer2?

We know that Wi-Fi works in both layer1 and layer2 and travel through air in layer1. My question is when we create mobile phone call during connection establishment phase sender Mac address and ...
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3 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why is microwave faster than infrared as a transmission medium?

I've read¹ that microwave is a faster medium of transmission of data than infrared. But considering that infrared waves have higher frequencies (and a little bigger frequency range too) than microwave,...
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WAP configuration consistency

Simple question, are WAPs always configured from the default gateway's web interface? Do you ever have to go somewhere else?
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How to measure the SINR for channel bonding?

I use to have a set up of a WiFi environment where I assume all devices operating over the same wireless channel, i.e., a single 20 MHz channel. A device would treat the transmission of all ...
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Is the EAP-Request/Identity and EAP-Response/Identity transmitted in the clear in a WPA2 entreprise Wi-Fi setup?

Looking at the WPA2 (Entreprise, let's say PEAP-MSCHAPv2) Wi-Fi protocol, I understand that since WPA2 uses Open System Authentication, and that 802.1X authentication takes place before the 4-way ...
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4 votes
1 answer
151 views

CAPWAP traffic flow

when a client wants to send inter-VLAN traffic, does this mean that the traffic first goes from the AP to the Wireless Controller (WLC) through CAPWAP tunnel, and then the WLC sends it to the default ...
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2 answers
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How effective is CSMA/CA for WLAN and when do collisions still happen?

I understand why CSMA/CA in WLAN is required over CSMA/CD from this post here and was left with the question how effective CSMA/CA is. So I was wondering if there still might be collisions at all. I ...
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Overlapping IP addressing on dynamically assigned wireless VLANs (can Fortigate do this?) [closed]

Broad question touching many vendors. CONTEXT DESCRIPTION For a project of a client of mine (I'm giving the context to make things clearer, please don't reply with "get a professional", I'm ...
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1 answer
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Why use subnet mask /30 for the internet port of the edge router? [closed]

In the following network, why should we pick the subnet mask /30 for the internet port of Edge Router 1? Since the wireless access point Edge Router 1 needs to connect to 3 hosts in LAN 1, a subnet ...
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1 answer
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How do wireless access points work? [closed]

I understand what the intent of wireless access points are but I am struggling to understand them fully on a deeper level. So, do wireless access points have their own network with their own IP ...
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Does a WiFi client vary the strength of the signal it emits? [closed]

I am using a metal container to dampen my WiFi router in the hope of reducing its radiation health risks. I'm wondering if the client device might increase its own emitted signal strength to ...
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EAP-TLS and WPA3-SAE: Which PMK is used?

Unfortunately, my web research didn't yield any results so I'll try my luck here. According to the EAP-TLS RFC 5216, we get a PMK as an output from this EAP method. I suppose said PMK has high entropy ...
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4 answers
269 views

How to add two VLANs for DHCP Pool

Currently one of my customer has DHCP pool created in Cisco Switch and ip address range is 192.168.25.0/24 (This is a VLAN). Now they have 230 devices and They are going to increase device count by ...
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A possible solution to offloading clients on an existing network

I am working with an existing network that services approximately 1500 rural wireless clients [diagram: Customer], and it uses a single core Arista 7050T layer3 switch [diagram: Main Router] hooked up ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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how ieee 802.11s does channel switching? is it supported?

I'm studying about IEEE 802.11s wireless mesh networks every where on documents i read is pointed that all Mesh Point must be on same channel for discovery and peering. But i can't find anything about ...
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High RX Pause Frame on Cisco 2960X

I have a Ruckus R310 that connected to Cisco 2960X and I saw a high RX pause frame. show flowcontrol interface gi1/0/1 Port Send FlowControl Receive FlowControl RxPause TxPause ...
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How to determine which Wifi channel offers the least interference?

I'm trying to set up a roaming wireless network. For this, I have tried to analyze the area of coverage for any external network interference. I do know that networks can change over time and Wifi ...
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1 answer
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Possible to denylist individual WiFi AP device, but not SSID? [closed]

In a situation where a network of WiFi access points all serve the same SSID, is there a mechanism to configure WiFi client devices to connect to the SSID but ignore an individual AP? Specifically, I'...
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Loop detection in Extreme switch

I am facing problem since a month in my wireless network. I have extreme switch in my office and with switchport 22 i have given to backhaul with wireless vlan to it, the problem is that my switchport ...
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2 votes
1 answer
500 views

pFsense, Unifi AP, HP switch and VLANS

I have a Unifi AP with a single MYNET SSID connected to my HP 2520 switch on port 23. I have a pfSense LAN interface connected on port 1. AP clients get DHCP (192.168.1.0/24) from pfSense and can ...
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In wireless networks, how do Service Sets and Basic Service Sets relate to each other, if they do?

I am beginning to learn about networks and wireless networks, specifically, and am having trouble grasping how do Service Sets and Basic Service Sets relate to each other, if they do. Are Basic ...
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How to configure IP addresses in cisco packet tracer?

Hello I am working with Cisco packet tracer. I have two laptops connected to a wireless router with IP addresses assigned using DHCP. The router's Internet IP address is 10.1.0.0 and the LAN address ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How select and implement proper wireless security mechanism?

I am having issue regarding wireless security Mechanisms. WEP, WPA and WPA2 TKIP,EAP, LEAP, PEAP, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and CCMP How do we implement these security mechanism effectively on ...
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2 answers
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Where does the 4way handshake fit in with the 802.11 Authentication Frame

In an open network you have the authentication frame on just the 802.11 level: but if the network has WEP or WPA(2/3) there will also be a four way handshake: My question is, where does the 4 way ...
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When a phone sends a series of zeros over radio waves to a cell tower, how does the tower know how many in a row it is?

So if a 1 is represented by 100 MHz and 0 is 50 MHz, 101 would be 100 50 100. But if the phone sent let’s say 5 zeros in a row, how can the cell tower know if it was one zero or 3 or 5 or 7 since they’...
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1941W wireless clients losing DHCP IP address [closed]

I am attempting to 'extend' a 192.168.1.0\24 network with an experimental network 192.168.10.0\24 using a 1941W router. I have configured 1941W to distribute a 192.168.10.0\24 network, with WLAN ...
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3 answers
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How does the network client pick a wifi signal, given two available frequencies?

This might be basic, but I don't know the answer... Given a router and a client, both having 2.4G (slower, more range) and 5.XG (faster, less range) frequency radios (and both named with the same SSID ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Mesh network 802.11d vs adhoc

What is the difference between 802.11s and adhoc? Is it compulsory to have same channel for wireless mesh node or it can have created using different channels where neighbouring nodes on on 2 non ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Different APs can be assign gateway from different brand

Edge-core EWS101 can be assign as gateway for EnGenius ENS202 APs ? Different brands will be work as gateway for wireless controller ?
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2 votes
2 answers
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How Access points differentiate stations?

I'm doing a ping from a station to another connected on the same access point. Given the fact that they are both on Wi-fi interface, how can access point know where to forward a packet?
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3 votes
1 answer
419 views

Alternatives to 802.11* wireless bridge?

Every now and then the question arises for me to link two Ethernet segments over some kind of outdoor wireless connection. It is usually over comparatively short distances (at some places maybe some ...
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1 vote
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Can I use a wireless access point (or two) to extend my existing wireless network? [closed]

In large commercial buildings I typically see several ceiling mounted Wireless Access Points. When moving throughout the building, I do not have to continually reconnect to different networks (or ...
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1 vote
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What are the good hardware, software and equipment's suggestions to set up a wireless infrastructure? [closed]

I am working on providing wireless infrastructure suggestions to a client like what software, hardware and equipment will be required to a client in order for them to set up the wireless ...
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1 answer
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How is a video calls bandwidth reserved on a wifi network?

All the older versions of Wifi, except for Wifi-6, give each device on the network the entire bandwidth /highway no matter how small the amount of data it needs to transfer. Can someone explain how ...
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6 votes
2 answers
227 views

How are different phone/GSM operators connected with each other?

This might be a noob question, but I am having trouble finding an answer to it. Let’s say I am a new GSM operator. How would I go about connecting my network and my subscribers to the rest of the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
686 views

Some mobile clients are unable to connect to UniFi AP mysteriously

We have two UniFi Controllers, one contains the main internet its directly connected to the fibre and then we give internet to the second controller using LAN connection, internet works fine in main ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How a wifi AP handle packets

Computers are connected to a wifi AP. The wifi AP is connected to a L2 switch. A server is also conected to this switch. When computers sends packets to the server, how the wifi AP manages the paquets?...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Does tcpdump work differently from Omnipeek?

I have been trying to analyze packets using tcpdump. I am trying to use a wireless card and capture packets through monitor mode, instead of promiscuous mode, since I want to see what kind of traffic ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Routing between two sites using FTTC Broadband and E-Band Wireless

I have two sites, both with 80/20 FTTC broadband connections that terminate at the standard white box BT modem. The connections both have fixed IP. I’d like to connect these up to each other and form ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Range of router and device in WiFi [closed]

Is range of the wifi network depend on Router only? Or does it depend on the connection device also? I believe that the device need to transmit packet to router, so the range till which the device can ...
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Do mobile phones continuously broadcast their IMEI number so that cell towers can find them?

Edward Snowden said that in an interview. Is it exactly true? Does it have to do with SSN (sim serial number)? Is the SSN broadcasted with encryption and modulation done to it or is the IMEI number?
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1 vote
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Zigbee authentication protocol [closed]

I'm writing a Thesis on IoT networks and authentication protocols, I've found this technology called Zigbee that seems to be really interesting but i can't find anything about which authentication ...
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3 answers
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Have we failed a wireless survey for something that couldnt have been offered?

On a large campus wireless network (approx. 500 APs, 4-5000 connected devices) we have been asked to create an SSID for some specific equipment that can only work on the 2.4Ghz range. No problems with ...
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1 vote
2 answers
63 views

Reconciling multiple definitions of Bandwidth

I am confused about the meaning of the term 'Bandwidth' in a wireless transmission environment. The two most common definitions I could find are: difference between the upper and lower frequencies in ...
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1 answer
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What kind of devices can be used to connect fiber optic segments via radio?

Say you want to connect building A to building B through a fiber optic cable, but at a given point, you are required to use a wireless connection (short range such as 10/20mt, where antennas are in ...
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