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12

Pete said: I can't think of a situation where you would need this. I just wanted to know what the logic was that makes this an explicit check in these routing protocols. Short answer Routing protocols are some of the most fundamental building blocks on the internet; we need them to be very reliable in every possible case. It does no good to bring up an ...


10

All routing protocols try to avoid a loop topology. If there is a routing loop, data is not getting to the destination. If the path from source to destination is A -> B -> C -> D, but there is a loop between B and C, data will never reach D.


9

Since the summarized route means that a router advertising it has knowledge of the individual routes within the summarized prefix, it is more trustworthy than the same (summarized) prefix being advertised as an individual route without the knowledge of the individual routes which make up the summary. This doesn't mean that the summarized route is more ...


7

I emailed Russ White (ex-Cisco employee / EIGRP specialist from the routing protocols deployment team), and this was his answer: If you think about the way a TCP stack works, you have some sort of switching process that accepts packets, and stuffs them onto a "forme" queue. That queue is processed by IP -- but how does IP know what process to hand ...


6

You sound like you are looking for distribute-list. Have a look here for the command reference http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/12_2/iproute/command/reference/fiprrp_r/1rfeigrp.html#wp1030208 Here is what you want, i think (not tested): access-list 1 deny 10.80.1.12 access-list 1 permit any router eigrp 1 network 10.0.0.0 distribute-list 1 out ...


6

Your AS numbers need to match. Change either switch2 to router eigrp 1 or change switch1 to router eigrp 2 and reimplement the routing configuration on the device that is changed.


6

By default EIGRP uses a classful network, meaning that it assumes that an address in the class A range with have an 8-bit subnet mask. There is no automatic process of checking other than the assumption that if you do not specify the subnet mask in wildcard mask format ( host mask ) then you want to use the default subnet mask for the IP range you've ...


6

You have the 10.0.0.0/8 and 172.16.0.0/16 networks defined on both the middle and right routers. Using auto-summary on both makes each think they own those whole summarized networks, so they will not send any traffic in those networks toward the other router. Using no auto-summary will allow each router to understand the more specific routes of each router.


6

The AD of the EIGRP summary route is 5 only on the router that has the summary route configured. When the summary is advertised to other routers it has an AD of 90. The reason for the low AD is to insure that the summary route (to nul0) is preferred to prevent routing loops.


5

According to the OSPF RFC 2328 (10.6): If the Interface MTU field in the Database Description packet indicates an IP datagram size that is larger than the router can accept on the receiving interface without fragmentation, the Database Description packet is rejected. The simple answer is that the standard was designed to just drop datagrams which ...


5

Since Cisco controls the EIGRP spec, they automatically provide additional information to BGP when EIGRP is advertised/redistributed into an MPLS VPN. This excerpt from Cisco's MPLS VPN support for EIGRP page gives the following details (emphasis mine): EIGRP Connectivity Between VPN Client Sites over a Service Provider Backbone In Figure 1, the EIGRP ...


5

It's a little complex, and also platform specific in some cases. The most general answer is that the bandwidth statement is used as an input to the EIGRP routing protocol. There are also cases where the bandwidth command can be applied on a main or subinterface and impact QoS calculations. In general, unless you're running EIGRP and specifically need it, ...


5

Creating a static route for "10.100.00.0/23" and redistributing it to EIGRP should do the trick. The static route would lift it into the routing table and the redistribution of static routs will announce the route to the EIGRP neighbors.


5

Create network statements with subnet masks for each interface you do want to advertise and exclude the interface you don't want to advertise. For example, if you have int gi 1/1 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 ! int gi 1/2 ip address 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0 ! int gi 1/3 ip address 10.1.3.1 255.255.255.0 if you don't want to advertise 10.1.2.0 router ...


5

There are philosophical differences in the design of OSPF and EIGRP and they are reflected in the protocol operation. For example, OSPF relies on a strict hierarchy/star topology to prevent loops. EIGRP uses the concept of successors for loop prevention, and this allows for more flexible topologies (not always a good thing). EDIT: OSPF and EIGRP stubs ...


5

EIGRP Metric Formula The EIGRP Metric is a combination of a measure of the entire path's cumulative delay, and the minimum bandwidth across the entire path. The delay value is value assigned to each 'hop' based upon that interface's speed. The metric can also include factoring the interface's load and reliability, but this is often left disabled. This is all ...


5

Will ospf and eigrp share the 10 network on the right to their neighbors? As per my understanding link state protocols like ospf do so while eigrp being a distance vector protocol will share only one of the routes, but this case let's say both the routes are exactly same, how will this be handled then? By default, the router will install the ...


5

There is a command made for such checking. Use: show ip eigrp events


5

You have to put your interfaces into vrf 4. interface fa 2/0 ip vrf forwarding 4 An interface can only be in one vrf. Otherwise, how would the router know which interface to use? If you don't specify a vrf, the interface is put into the global table. But your EIGRP process is configured to use vrf 4.


5

That is because Cisco determines the AD used by its devices, and EIGRP is a Cisco protocol, so Cisco decided to make EIGRP have a lower AD than other protocols. Each vendor determines the relative reliability of protocols for its equipment; there is no outside standard for this. Some vendors may not even have an AD equivalent. According to Cisco default ...


5

Yes, you can do that. Below is an example: Router-A# ! key chain Netlab key 13 key-string Netlabbuilder ! interface Tunnel1 description Site-B ip address 10.99.99.1 255.255.255.252 ip mtu 1400 ip authentication mode eigrp 10 md5 ip authentication key-chain eigrp 10 Netlab ip tcp adjust-mss 1360 cdp enable tunnel source 13.1.87.2 tunnel ...


5

Spanning-tree is a loop detection / prevention mechanism. As such, it has nothing to do with EIGRP. Unless you have loops, or parallel layer-2 links in the network, STP isn't doing anything for you. If there are more than 7 hops between any two points, STP won't detect loops. (if you tweak the timers, it can go out to ~14, but, don't.) As Zac points out, ...


4

224.0.0.9 is a protocol standard multicast address, meaning that it is reserved for all RIPv2 speaking routers. This reduces unnecessary overhead, and only speaks to RIPv2 routers, instead of a full broadcast. Here is a portion from the RIPv2 RFC. https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc2453 4.5 Multicasting In order to reduce unnecessary load on those hosts ...


4

Нi! Look at 61 page of RFC1889 about your question: "is how seq number is chosen" when device sending first RTP packet of the session, seq number must be random, to make known-plaintext attacks on encryption more difficult , in next packets seq is just increment "B first problem is here", there is no problem, A tell to B, that A has ...


4

No, that isn't possible unless they know (or obtain) the shared secret. Cisco outlines how the authentication takes place.1 The device sending a packet calculates the hash to be sent based on the following: Key part 1—the configured shared secret. Key part 2—the local interface address from which the packet will be sent. Data—the EIGRP ...


4

If you are talking about L3 interfaces and EIGRP, we must assume this: Network1: Switch1 - Firewall Network2: Switch2 - Switch1 First. You need to set-up on your firewall EIGRP(on the way to LEARN all the routes, i thinking It don´t knows how to reach youre second switch), but, STOP, you HAVE a Palo Alto firewall, i know that EIGRP is a Cisco Propietary ...


4

There seems to be a confusion here : in a distance-vector routing protocol, the routers don't just get routes to their neighbors (which would be trivial in most cases) they get their neighbor's full routing table. A router can then compare the various routes it has gotten from its neighbors for a given destination network and select which appears to be the ...


4

To choose a routing protocol you should consider these topics: Configuration: How easy is to configure and troubleshoot the protocol. Efficiency: How fast it converges? How much bandwith it uses? Size and topology: Is the network a star? partial mesh? full mesh? I recommend you to read this document about EIGRP vs OSPF.


4

Yes, you can confirm that. Once hold-time expires, the former feasible successor route immediately becomes the successor route and is installed in routing table. I do not think we have a log message of when a feasible successor route becomes a successor route, given the fact that it happens right at the same time when the message of Neighbor 192.168.14.17 (...


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