The closest thing to what you want would be show cli authorization. You won't be able to get down to the individual command level unless you specify them yourself with things like allow-commands, deny-configuration, etc.
It will show the user logged in, what permissions they have.
Here's an example of a custom login class that has all permissions except ...
It's in the table you've linked to: read-only can only view, operator can additionally run clear, network, reset, trace, and view and superuser can do everything.
If you create your own class the permission bit table below shows all the privileges you can assign to it.