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A few more concerns are: Are the protocols you intend to use across this connection all compatible with your available equipment's NAT implementation? If so, this really makes things easier on you in the long term. You can just create an isolated NAT pool with any addresses the vendor wants, without having to route that pool inside your network. Which of ...


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You need to work out and put in writing the security definitions (=what connections are allowed - anything else isn't) and the other formalities (average/maximum bandwidth, QoS, availability, ...). Make the security definitions rough (subnet A <-> subnet B etc) and rigid, and let the connecting parties handle the details (host-based or port-based ...


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No, you can find out with optical test equipment such as an OTDR, but not with the less-sophisticated telemetry available in a router/switch. You can know the path loss (limited by the accuracy of the optics' Tx/Rx power meters) but that loss includes things like bends, dirt, connectors, etc. so it's not usable as a good estimate of distance.


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The only routing protocol in common between R3 and R2 is RIPv2, so that is the only way that R2 can learn the R3 loopback because there does not seem to be any route redistribution on any of the routers. R4 can learn the R3 loopback from EIGRP, but it cannot advertise it via OSPF unless you redistribute the route from EIGRP to OSPF. Each routing protocol ...


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VLANs are layer-2 broadcast domains, and they have nothing to do with layer-3 (IP). VLANs do not have IP addresses. Using VLANs is like breaking a layer-2 switch into multiple, unconnected layer-2 switches. Layer-3 interfaces are assigned IP addresses. It is up to the network administrator on how to assign IP addressing. For example, there could be a DHCP ...


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If you don't use a VPN then the other option is to lease a line that will connect the two sites. Depending on your country/location different option(dark fiber, mpls network...) may be available (or not). You need to find vendors that provide this kind of service, beginning with your current ISP. Note that in any case, this will cost much more than a VPN ...


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Technically adding another bogon network adjacent in address space is as simple as a static route. Technically this is the simplest valid solution. Some things you might want to consider. Is the /24 at each site big enough? When you do exceed the IP space where do you intend on adding additional addresses? Is there a pressing reason to have a full /24 ...


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Will all the devices (which are labelled with 802.11x) use CSMA/CA? On a shared medium, you need something like CSMA/CD or CSMA/CA. Because Wi-Fi devices cannot both send and receive at the same time, they cannot use CSMA/CD to detect the collisions, so the use CSMA/CA to try to avoid collisions. How do each of these WAPs know which sub-carrier frequencies ...


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With Fast Ethernet, the clock is embedded in a 4b/5b line code. More or less, the line code inserts additional bits into the data stream that enable the receiver to recover the transmitter's clock. Initial clock synchronization is also achieved by each frame's preamble/start of frame (syncword) that sends 63 alternating 0 and 1 bits, followed by an out-of-...


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You can ask your ISP for a block of IPv4 addresses that is separate from your connection to your ISP (similar to your IPv6 block). In that case, you would create a new VLAN on your router and assign it the new public subnet. You can put as many hosts in that subnet as you have IPs (minus one for the gateway). Since this subnet is connected your router, you ...


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Can i assign the public IP to one of my hosts directly, instead of the router i mean? With a single IP address you can only have a single device connected to WAN - either the router or the host. The router can port forward/reverse NAT/destination NAT selected ports to private IP hosts, but with the host that's not possible (unless you can use it as a NAT ...


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management plane Firewalls or routers for taking management access of devices through CLI or gui and SNMP protocol for monitoring the device status this management plane is used 2 )Control plane Firewall or routers runs control plane for sharing routing information among adjacency devices for routing protocols like static ,RIP , OSPG and EIGRP , BGP to ...


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Well I don't know how to put this delicately but your answer is the answer that comes up with a simple google search word for word. As someone who graded papers in college for teachers I can tell you that would be my first step, check if the answers are word for word google searched. It may be in your book that way, but I am not sure what switches have to ...


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