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Hopefully. A tier 1 provider relies entirely on sending data (and routes for incoming data) to customers and peers, they have no upstream providers. That means if you rely on a single tier 1 for transit and they get into a peering dispute you will lose access to parts of the internet. If you are going to single home you have a lower risk going with a large ...


Internet routing does not work on individual addresses, it works on address blocks. The status quo is that providers on the internet will only route /24 (256 addresses) or larger blocks of IPv4 addresses and /48 or larger blocks of IPv6 addresses. The internet shares routes over a protocol called BGP. The big networks mostly trust each other to only ...


Yes. In fact an agreement with any tier provider is sufficient. The difference is reliability, bandwidth, and cost.


Basically, you need to make up your mind which device your clients should use as default gateway: the OPNsense - then inter-VLAN routing goes that way, too - or the L3 switch, that in turn uses the OPNsense as default gateway. If you use the OPNsense for inter-VLAN routing, you set up firewall rules for which connections are permitted. Note that the OPNsense ...


The path A-E-D-C-B is only cost 6. Likewise, E-D-C-B is cost 5.


I have faced the same issue. In my case one of the interfaces was down. I have activated it and it solved the issue. Step 1: Initially, check your routing table If you are enable mode, use show ip interface brief If you are in configuration mode, use do show ip int bri ( here do is added ) Step 2: Check the topology of your network and set the ip address ...


I think you have configure Both the Routes in the main routing table as well as in table 13 and configure the PBR policy on the LAN interface in "IN" Direction

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