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"TCP uses "window size", since UDP doesn't acknowledge packets that are recieved, should a similar thing be implemented in the application layer to control the flow of data, or other techniques are used?" You can do that at transport layer with UDP DCCP(Datagram Congestion Control Protocol). The RFC 6773 describes in detail how does the ...


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My question is how does the server know how much the client can handle or vice versa, or any router in between. By UDP alone, it doesn't. UDP is "fire and forget" - just send one datagram after the other. If the sender's transmission rate exceeds the path's capacity, excess datagrams are dropped. When using UDP as transport, the application is ...


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Desktop or laptop or server or any other endpoint connecting to network through wireless or wired intiàtes DHCP discover message to DHCP server within data segment layer in osi model with destination Mac address as FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF Frame with this DISCOVER message after reaches the DHCP Server . After the DHCP Server gets discover message from client ...


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The DHCP server may be present outside your network and thus we need to broadcast on Network layer as well. The server responds with either a broadcast or a unicast message using UDP source port number 67 and destination port number 68. The response can be unicast because the server knows the IP address of the client. It also knows the physical address of ...


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