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I am working on an academic research about networks. I have proposed my model a a graph that nodes are users with commodity hardware connected to each other via internet as graph links. I know this is a weighted graph. My question is:
How can I score links based on different features such as throughput or distance between users?
I have read several papers. One of them had a figure that shows the relationship between throughput and distance with packet loss:
enter image description here
I can't understand why packet loss increases when throughput increases. Isn't throughput a positive aspect?

Edit: Is there any mathematics equation for the relationship?

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How can I score links based on different features such as throughput or distance between users?

A common gauge is the bandwidth-distance product - since high bandwidth and long distance are somewhat equally hard to achieve and often traded off against each other, their product is a fairly good measure for the grade of achievement.

I can't understand why packet loss increases when throughput increases. Isn't throughput a positive aspect?

The graph shows the relation of packet loss to distance for some throughput scenarios. It does not show a direct relation of packet loss to throughput.

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  • Thanks for your response. As for certain distance, if we increase throughput, packet loss rate will increase. Doesn't it mean a direct relation? – Ali Majed HA Aug 13 '19 at 5:07
  • No. It all depends on the situation at hand. For wired networks, packet loss on non-congested links is zero (< 10^-12), even for dozens of km. – Zac67 Aug 13 '19 at 5:14

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